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Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa. By Ben Skiles Period 5 Honors World History (Part III Section 5). Vocabulary. Nuclear Family—family unit consisting of parents and children Griots —professional storyteller in early West Africa. Bantu Migrations.

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Kingdoms and Trading States of Africa

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KingdomsandTrading Statesof Africa

By Ben Skiles

Period 5

Honors World History

(Part III Section 5)


Vocabulary

  • Nuclear Family—family unit consisting of parents and children

  • Griots—professional storyteller in early West Africa


Bantu Migrations

  • A migration of people that was a major cause of the diversity of African cultures

    • Probably occurred because of changes in the environment

  • Bantu peoples moved from West and North Africa to different regions of southern Africa

  • Today one third of Africans speak a language similar to the original Bantu dialect


The Kingdom of Nubia

  • Also known as Kush

  • Was ruled by powerful kings and queens for 4,000 years

  • Began developing south of ancient Egypt, who often conquered Nubia’s land

    • Nubia always regained what was lost

  • Around 500 B.C. Nubia’s capital was moved to Meroë

  • About A.D. 350 the African kingdom Axum conquered Nubia


North Africa

  • North Africa and Egypt were once ruled by Greeks and then Romans

  • While under Roman rule, Christianity spread throughout

  • Islam later replaced Christianity and became the main religion

    • North Africa traded grain, wine, ivory, and gold through the global trading associated with the Muslim civilization


Kingdoms of West Africa

  • Settled farming villages began expanding in A.D. 100

  • Camels revolutionized trade across the Sahara

    • Gold and saltwere major products

    • Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal had large amounts of gold

    • Salt was equally valuable

      • Salt is needed in people’s diet

      • West Africans traded gold to North Africans in exchange for salt


Mali

  • Took over Ghana sometime after the 1100s

  • By 1250 it controlled gold-mining and salt supplies of the Sahara

  • Mansa Musa (MAHN sah MOO sah)

    • Greatest emperor

    • Expanded Mali’s borders

    • Journeyed to Mecca to fulfill the hajj, forming ties to other Muslim states


Trade Routes of East Africa

  • Axum

    • An important trading center

      • Linked trade routes between Africa, India, and the Mediterranean civilizations

    • Christianity was a main link to the Mediterranean world in the 300s

    • By 600s Islam overtook Christianity in most of North Africa

      • Axum became an isolated Christian civilization

      • Axum’s power and influence declined

  • Arab and Persian merchants created Muslim communities when Axum declined


Many Peoples, Many Traditions

  • Religion

    • Religious beliefs were different and complex

      • African villages were commonly polytheistic

      • Christianity and Islam communities were spread in some parts of Africa

  • Family

    • Family life varied

      • Nuclear families—family unit with parents and children

      • Joint families—family unit with several generations in same house or houses


Explaining Their History

  • Preserved by oral and written literature

  • Griots, or professional poets, told ancient stories in West Africa

  • Stories often praised heroic deeds of famous ancestors

  • Moral lessons were taught by folk tales


Extra Facts

  • Songhai (around 1400s through 1586) created the largest state that had ever existed in West Africa.

    • In 1586 civil war and foreign invasion weakened and separated the powerful kingdom

  • Scientists believe that the first human race first came from East Africa


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