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How To Give A Scientific Seminar Michelle Chow Ocean Discovery! Sebastopol, CA. Overview. Verbal and Nonverbal Communication “How To” on Project Presentations. Nonverbal Communication “body movement and expression”. Face audience Make eye contact Appropriate facial expressions

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How to give a scientific seminar michelle chow ocean discovery sebastopol ca

How To Give A Scientific SeminarMichelle ChowOcean Discovery!Sebastopol, CA


Overview
Overview

  • Verbal and Nonverbal Communication

  • “How To” on Project Presentations


Nonverbal communication body movement and expression
Nonverbal Communication“body movement and expression”

  • Face audience

  • Make eye contact

  • Appropriate facial expressions

  • Body movement (pacing, swaying)

  • Dress appropriately


Verbal communication
Verbal Communication

  • Speak at a reasonable pace

  • Intonation (tone of voice, use of voice)

  • Pause when needed

  • Avoid excessive use of “um” or “like” or “so”


Suggestions for practicing
Suggestions for Practicing

  • Practice at least three times!!!

  • Get feedback from your peers.

  • Before you start to speak take a few seconds to organize your thoughts, notes and equipment.


Appearance of your slides “You want people to focus on your message”

  • Use a simple design for your slides. This is a professional seminar.

  • Text must not fade into background.

  • Choose an appropriate font that can be read from the back of the room.

    • Size 32 – 36 for bulleted text

    • Size 44 – 48 for titles


  • Pictures and graphs should take up the whole slide. Axes text and statistics hard to read from back of room.


  • Michelle’s Don’t List title is redundant or obvious.

    • Clip art when not appropriately used (which is most of the time).

    • Slides and lines that zip in and out of space. Please have all your text on the slide at the same time.

    • All slides should transition appropriately (use no transition or fade at fast speed)

    • No music, unless you are studying dolphins and are recording their mating calls.


    Planning the package title is redundant or obvious.

    • Know your audience

    • Define terms

    • Provide an overview if complex

    • Integrate text and images

      • map of study area, distribution

      • understand overall idea/theory/topic

      • images of organism/scientific name

      • repeat the question if necessary


    Planning the package title is redundant or obvious.

    • Clear purpose/logical sequence

    • Consistency in style and language

    • Bulleted information

    • Prompts for speaker and audience

    • Time yourself: 1 frame /minute

    • Leave time for questions

    • Don’t read your talk


    Techniques that help title is redundant or obvious.

    • Memorize opening sentence

    • Note cards

    • Tough question?

      • anticipate questions that poke holes

      • anticipate future direction questions

      • repeat the question

      • “That’s a good question”

      • “I don’t know but…”


    Advice to fellows
    Advice to Fellows title is redundant or obvious.

    • Practice within a group and then between groups.

    • Bring laser pointer into class to demonstrate how to use it correctly

    • Remind students they will be using a microphone


    More advice
    More advice title is redundant or obvious.

    • Everything presented verbally or visually should have a clear role in support of the central thesis or theses of the talk.

    • If anything doesn’t do this, remove it. borders, animations, clipart, etc


    Listener s responsibility
    Listener’s Responsibility title is redundant or obvious.

    • No talking

    • Listen closely

    • Think of at least one question to ask speaker

    • Stay awake (no sleeping) and engaged during the talk


    Presentation Title title is redundant or obvious.

    your name

    School affiliation

    city state


    Introduction
    Introduction title is redundant or obvious.

    • Introduce topic, big picture. Why?

    • Explain how you reached your questions/hypotheses.

    • Define scientific terms. Use scientific names for organisms.

    • Visual Aids (slides of organisms)

    • List questions your study addresses.


    Methods
    Methods title is redundant or obvious.

    • Summarize methods = Use methods as an explanation of how you addressed your questions.

    • Visual Aids (pictures of study sites or setup is most effective).

    • Organize methods to help audience easily follow your research.


    Flow chart for presentation organization
    Flow Chart for Presentation Organization title is redundant or obvious.


    Results
    Results title is redundant or obvious.

    • Use tables and/or figures to present data.

    • Avoid verbalizing too many numerical values (especially without visual aids).

    • Show audience only data and results that are important in addressing your questions.

    • Remind audience how each method or result fits back to the questions of your study.


    Discussion
    Discussion title is redundant or obvious.

    • Talk about results with respect to: Your study’s questions Past research

    • Make logical conclusions about your research findings.

    • Visual Aids (refer back to tables and figures used in results)


    Conclusions
    Conclusions title is redundant or obvious.

    • Visual Aid = Outline of questions from introduction with acceptance or rejection of null hypothesis.

    • Big picture

    • Future research

    • Acknowledgements


    Your brain starts working the moment you are born, and doesn’t stop until you have to speak in public.


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