English iii unit 5
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English III- Unit 5. Modern short stories. Stream of Consciousness: Psychological theory of time. Sigmund Freud- sought unconscious causes of people’s behavior Stream of consciousness became a new literary technique used

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Modern short stories

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English iii unit 5

English III- Unit 5

Modern short stories


Stream of consciousness psychological theory of time

Stream of Consciousness: Psychological theory of time

  • Sigmund Freud- sought unconscious causes of people’s behavior

  • Stream of consciousness became a new literary technique used

  • Thought was a constant stream flowing through the minds without clear logic or order


Writers who use this

Writers who use this:

  • James Joyce

  • Virginia Woolf

  • William Faulkner

  • Katherine Anne Porter


Method of narration story

Method of narration (story):

  • Certain memories trigger seemingly random thoughts

  • Include following elements:

    • First-person point of view

    • Lack of conventional sentence structure or grammar

    • “free association” that flow through a character’s mind and link distinctly separate events

    • Interior monologues


Interior world

Interior World:

  • Reaction against formulaic, plot-driven stories (beginning, middle, end without much change = boring!)

  • Started to include surprise endings

  • “Artful approach to the significant moment” (O’Connor)


Interior world1

Interior World:

  • Introduction of epiphany (a moment of revelation)

  • James Joyce with “Dubliners”- one credited with the idea

  • Anton Chekhov (Russian)- he brought Americans realistic details and understatements (de-emphasis on the importance of something or someone)

  • “Slice of life”- anecdotes

    • Lacked external conflicts, action-packed events, and clear climaxes

    • Instead, drama rages inside characters mind


Interior world2

Interior World:

  • Protagonists were antiheroes

    • Conflicted characters engulfed by indecision

  • Language- subtle and poetic

    • You have to figure out what the writers is trying to say


Features of the modern short story

Features of the modern short story:

  • Unspectacular, or everyday settings

  • Themes of instability and loss

  • Plots without a clear climax or resolution

  • Understatement

  • Irony

  • Stream of consciousness

  • Antiheroes


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