Judaism
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JUDAISM. HISTORY OF JUDAISM. Abraham is the father of the Hebrews About 1800 B.C. he lived in a city called Ur in Mesopotamia It is believed that God told Abraham to leave Ur and go to Canaan God told Abraham that if he went to Canaan the land there would belong to his descendents

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JUDAISM

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Judaism

JUDAISM


History of judaism

HISTORY OF JUDAISM

  • Abraham is the father of the Hebrews

  • About 1800 B.C. he lived in a city called Ur in Mesopotamia

  • It is believed that God told Abraham to leave Ur and go to Canaan

  • God told Abraham that if he went to Canaan the land there would belong to his descendents

  • This was a promise from God and so Canaan is considered the Promised Land


The twelve tribes

THE TWELVE TRIBES

  • Over time the Hebrews in Canaan took a new name- the Israelites

  • Abraham had a grandson named Jacob

  • Jacob had 12 sons

  • Ten of these sons plus 2 of Jacobs grandsons became the fathers of the 12 tribes of the Israelites


Egypt

EGYPT

  • There was a famine in Canaan

  • The Israelites were starving and so they went to Egypt

  • Jacob’s son Joseph was a top advisor to Egypt's Pharaoh

  • A new pharaoh came to power

  • He enslaved the Israelites and made them work on his building projects


Moses

MOSES

  • Moses helped the Israelites leave Egypt

  • This is known as the Exodus

  • They wandered around the Sinai Desert for 40 years

  • Moses climbed to the top of Mt Sinai and God spoke to him

  • Moses carried two stone tablets down the mountain

  • The Ten Commandments were written on the tablets


Return to promised land

Return to Promised Land

  • The Israelites wanted to reclaim their land in Canaan

  • This lead to 200 years of war

  • After a period of peace the Philistines invade and King David is able to drive them out

  • King Solomon succeeds King David

  • After King Solomon died the Israelite Kingdom split in two: Israel and Judah

  • The word Judaism and Jew come from the name Judah during this time in history


Beliefs

BELIEFS

  • First Monotheistic religion- a belief in one God

  • Believe Messiah will appear in Jerusalem and bring peace and harmony to the world

  • It is important to follow the Ten Commandments

  • The first four commandments have to do with a relationship with God

  • The next six have to do with a relationship with other people.


Torah

TORAH

  • The first five books of the Hebrew Bible

  • There is a belief that these were given to the people by God

  • They give the early history, laws, and beliefs of the Hebrews

  • The five books are: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy


Sabbath

Sabbath

  • Sundown Friday to sundown Saturday

  • People should refrain from work

  • Many go to the Synagogue- the Jewish place of worship

  • Spend time with family, reading the Torah, and eating traditional meals.


Holy days

Holy Days

  • Rosh Hashanah: the Jewish New Year- a 10 day period of repentance, renewal and remembrance

  • Yom Kippur: “Day of Atonement”- pray for forgiveness of oneself and others

  • Hanukkah: “Festival of Lights”- celebrated the miracle of 1 day of oil lasting 8 days at the rededication of the Temple in Jerusalem

  • Passover: a time to remember the slaves Exodus from Egypt


Mitzvah

Mitzvah

  • Bar Mitzvah- “son of commandment”-occurs when a boy is 13

  • Bat Mitzvah- “daughter of commandment”- occurs when a girl is 12

  • These are ceremonies held to celebrate the child’s passage to adulthood


Facts

FACTS

  • Rabbi- a Jewish spiritual leader

  • Worldwide population-14.5 million

  • Christianity and Islam grew out of Judaism

  • Holocaust-between 1933 and 1945 six million Jews were killed by the Nazi’s

  • 1947- the United Nations split Palestine and Israel was declared a state


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