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Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin for High School Students Presented by Wisconsin School Nurses Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program Implementation and Oversight Committee (IOC) Education Workgroup Division of Public Health Department of Health Services. 1.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin for High School Students

Presented by

Wisconsin School Nurses

Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Implementation and Oversight Committee (IOC) Education Workgroup

Division of Public Health

Department of Health Services

1

what you will learn about lead poisoning in wisconsin
What You Will Learn About Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin

What deteriorated lead paint looks like

Effects of lead poisoning on children, youth & adults

Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin

How do you know if you are lead poisoned

What should you do if you are lead poisoned

How to prevent lead poisoning

Resources for information

2

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Exterior porches: toprails, decks and other horizontal surfaces. The annual spring project.

sources of lead poisoning
Sources of Lead Poisoning
  • Children under the age of 6 are susceptible to lead poisoning if they live or spend time in a home with lead dust or deteriorating varnish.

Question: WHY?

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Because they have:

Normal hand-to-mouth behavior

Rapidly developing nervous

system - vulnerable to the

effects of lead

Higher rate of absorption

Answer:

question
Question:

How much lead dust does it take to poison a child?

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How does lead get into the body?

Ingested - mouth (most common

source of exposure for children)

Inhaled - nose (usually occupational exposure)

Lead dust is not absorbed through the skin.

How Lead Affects Children

14

question1
Question:

What can happen to children, youth and adults as a result of lead poisoning?

effects of lead poisoning
Effects of Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning interferes with the normal development of a child’s brain and can cause

learning and behavior problems.

how lead affects children
The toxic effects of lead on the brain can disrupt the normal development of:

Emotional response

Memory

Learning

Speech and Language

Hearing

How Lead Affects Children
how lead affects youth and adults
A youth or adult is at risk of lead exposure if they:

Work in an occupation that uses lead

Renovate a home that was built before 1978

Have a hobby that uses lead, such as:

Reloading bullets or target shooting

Casting fishing weights

Stained glass or ceramics

How Lead Affects Youth and Adults

19

how lead affects youth and adults1
Symptoms that can be related to lead include:

Headaches

Dizziness

Sleep disturbances

Memory problems

Muscle/joint aches and pains

Irritability

Fatigue

Nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss

Fertility problems, miscarriages

How Lead Affects Youth and Adults

20

how lead affects youth
The behavioral effects of teenagers exposed to lead as a child can result in:

Increased rates of high school dropout

Anti-social behavior (juvenile delinquency, teenage pregnancy)

Committing the most violent crimes as youth and adults.

How Lead Affects Youth

21

how lead affects adults
Long term effects related to lead in adults can include such things as:

High blood pressure, heart attacks, strokes

Premature death because of the above

Neurological problems

Kidney disease

Mood disorders such as anxiety, hostility or depression

Memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease

How Lead Affects Adults

23

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Lead poisoning in Wisconsin is a statewide problem.

Each red dot represents an address associated with a lead-poisoned child, 1996-2010.

More than 46,000 children.

blood lead testing
BLOOD LEAD TESTING
  • The only way to know if a child, youth or adult is lead poisoned is to have blood lead test.
  • Capillary blood draw
  • Venous blood draw ( a Venous blood draw is recommended for youth age > 16 and adults)
what happens if someone in my family is lead poisoned
What Happens if Someone in My Family is Lead Poisoned?
  • Dr. will provide medical guidance about retesting
  • Environmental guidance about your home or the lead source from your Local Health Department
  • Information from the State Programs: Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (WCLPPP) or the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology Surveillance Program (ABLES)
nutrition is important
Nutrition is Important!
  • Eat a healthy diet!
  • Calcium (Lead replaces calcium)
  • Iron (Adequate iron decreases lead absorption)
  • Vitamin C (Enhances iron absorption)
  • Zinc, Thiamin and Vitamin E (Reduce the toxic effects of lead).
  • Low fat diet (Fat absorbs lead)
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Question:
  • What Foods Contain Calcium?
answer
Answer:
  • Calcium
question2
Question:

What Foods Contain Iron?

question3
Question:

What Foods Contain Vitamin C?

answer2
Answer:
  • Vitamin C:
question4
Question:

What Foods Contain Zinc?

question5
Question:

What Foods Contain Vitamin E?

answer4
Answer:
  • Vitamin E
question6
Question:
  • What Foods Contain Thiamine?
answer5
Answer:
  • Thiamin
question7
Question:

What can you do to prevent lead poisoning?

answer6
Answer:
  • Eat healthy
  • Be aware of lead hazards (deteriorated paint or varnish)
  • Wash your hands with soap and water often, especially if you are working with lead
  • Research if a mask or gloves are necessary for protection when doing a hobby or occupation that uses lead
  • Talk with your physician about getting a simple blood test if you work with lead
question8
Question:
  • Remember the pictures at the beginning of this presentation? For Children….
preventing lead poisoning for children
Preventing Lead Poisoning for Children

Treatment of the environment is the primary prevention.

FIX THE HOUSE!

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Resources:

1. Your Local Health Department

2. WCLPPP website: dhs.wi.gov/lead

3. WCLPPP and ABLES Phone Number:

608/266-5817

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