Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin for High School Students
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Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin for High School Students Presented by Wisconsin School Nurses Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program Implementation and Oversight Committee (IOC) Education Workgroup Division of Public Health Department of Health Services. 1.

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Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin for High School Students

Presented by

Wisconsin School Nurses

Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program

Implementation and Oversight Committee (IOC) Education Workgroup

Division of Public Health

Department of Health Services

1


What You Will Learn About Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin

What deteriorated lead paint looks like

Effects of lead poisoning on children, youth & adults

Lead Poisoning in Wisconsin

How do you know if you are lead poisoned

What should you do if you are lead poisoned

How to prevent lead poisoning

Resources for information

2


What Does Chipping and Peeling Paint Look Like?


Obvious Hazardsalligatoring/checking paint


Windows


Exterior Hazards


Porches


Exterior porches: toprails, decks and other horizontal surfaces. The annual spring project.


Sources of Lead Poisoning

  • Children under the age of 6 are susceptible to lead poisoning if they live or spend time in a home with lead dust or deteriorating varnish.

    Question: WHY?


Because they have:

Normal hand-to-mouth behavior

Rapidly developing nervous

system - vulnerable to the

effects of lead

Higher rate of absorption

Answer:


Question:

How much lead dust does it take to poison a child?


How does lead get into the body?

Ingested - mouth (most common

source of exposure for children)

Inhaled - nose (usually occupational exposure)

Lead dust is not absorbed through the skin.

How Lead Affects Children

14


Question:

What can happen to children, youth and adults as a result of lead poisoning?


Effects of Lead Poisoning

Lead poisoning interferes with the normal development of a child’s brain and can cause

learning and behavior problems.


The toxic effects of lead on the brain can disrupt the normal development of:

Emotional response

Memory

Learning

Speech and Language

Hearing

How Lead Affects Children


A youth or adult is at risk of lead exposure if they:

Work in an occupation that uses lead

Renovate a home that was built before 1978

Have a hobby that uses lead, such as:

Reloading bullets or target shooting

Casting fishing weights

Stained glass or ceramics

How Lead Affects Youth and Adults

19


Symptoms that can be related to lead include:

Headaches

Dizziness

Sleep disturbances

Memory problems

Muscle/joint aches and pains

Irritability

Fatigue

Nausea, loss of appetite, weight loss

Fertility problems, miscarriages

How Lead Affects Youth and Adults

20


The behavioral effects of teenagers exposed to lead as a child can result in:

Increased rates of high school dropout

Anti-social behavior (juvenile delinquency, teenage pregnancy)

Committing the most violent crimes as youth and adults.

How Lead Affects Youth

21


A recent study showed that youth who have been lead poisoned may feel:

Panic

Depression

How Lead Affects Youth

22


Long term effects related to lead in adults can include such things as:

High blood pressure, heart attacks, strokes

Premature death because of the above

Neurological problems

Kidney disease

Mood disorders such as anxiety, hostility or depression

Memory loss and Alzheimer’s disease

How Lead Affects Adults

23


Wisconsin-Specific Data


Lead poisoning in Wisconsin is a statewide problem.

Each red dot represents an address associated with a lead-poisoned child, 1996-2010.

More than 46,000 children.


2nd in Midwest States

26

26


How do I know if anyone in my Family is Lead-Poisoned?

27


BLOOD LEAD TESTING

  • The only way to know if a child, youth or adult is lead poisoned is to have blood lead test.

  • Capillary blood draw

  • Venous blood draw ( a Venous blood draw is recommended for youth age > 16 and adults)


What Happens if Someone in My Family is Lead Poisoned?

  • Dr. will provide medical guidance about retesting

  • Environmental guidance about your home or the lead source from your Local Health Department

  • Information from the State Programs: Wisconsin Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (WCLPPP) or the Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology Surveillance Program (ABLES)


Nutrition is Important!

  • Eat a healthy diet!

  • Calcium (Lead replaces calcium)

  • Iron (Adequate iron decreases lead absorption)

  • Vitamin C (Enhances iron absorption)

  • Zinc, Thiamin and Vitamin E (Reduce the toxic effects of lead).

  • Low fat diet (Fat absorbs lead)


Question:

  • What Foods Contain Calcium?


Answer:

  • Calcium


Question:

What Foods Contain Iron?


Answer:

  • IRON


Question:

What Foods Contain Vitamin C?


Answer:

  • Vitamin C:


Question:

What Foods Contain Zinc?


Answer:

  • Zinc


Question:

What Foods Contain Vitamin E?


Answer:

  • Vitamin E


Question:

  • What Foods Contain Thiamine?


Answer:

  • Thiamin


Question:

What can you do to prevent lead poisoning?


Answer:

  • Eat healthy

  • Be aware of lead hazards (deteriorated paint or varnish)

  • Wash your hands with soap and water often, especially if you are working with lead

  • Research if a mask or gloves are necessary for protection when doing a hobby or occupation that uses lead

  • Talk with your physician about getting a simple blood test if you work with lead


Question:

  • Remember the pictures at the beginning of this presentation? For Children….


Preventing Lead Poisoning for Children

Treatment of the environment is the primary prevention.

FIX THE HOUSE!


Materials available from WCLPPP


Materials available from WCLPPP

48


Resources:

1. Your Local Health Department

2. WCLPPP website: dhs.wi.gov/lead

3. WCLPPP and ABLES Phone Number:

608/266-5817


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