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TLT at Wilfred Laurier: Reaching Out - Integrating Technology into Teaching: Challenges and Opportunities Reflections on e-learning. e-learning: What Does It Mean? Issues A Context For This Generation Of Learners Local (Concordia) Issues A Proposed E-learning Strategy

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E learning what does it mean issues a context for this generation of learners

TLT at Wilfred Laurier: Reaching Out - Integrating Technology into Teaching: Challenges and OpportunitiesReflections on e-learning

e-learning: What Does It Mean?

Issues

A Context For This Generation Of Learners

Local (Concordia) Issues

A Proposed E-learning Strategy

Enabling Recommendations

Showcasing A Web-based Course

Arshad Ahmad, Concordia University

[email protected]

MAY 2007


Reflections on e learning e learning what does it mean

Reflections on e-learninge-learning: What Does It Mean?

Is “e” for education?

or does it connote a medium?

at a distance, outside class, institution?

anytime, anywhere, just-in-time - no real time dimension?

relate to traditional, blended, continuous & life-long learning?

distributed, dialogic, authentic and constructive approaches?

situated in a cultural context?


Inextricably linked

INEXTRICABLY LINKED?

Pedagogy

Technology

Culture

THE EDUCATIONAL MARKETPLACE SUPPORTS E-LEARNING &

ITS EXPANSION IS GROWING EXPONENTIALLY

  • CHALLENGES TO MEET INTERNAL/EXTERNAL NEEDS & OPPORTUNITIES:

  • Faculty to Enhance Student Learning

  • Staff & Administration to Train and Provide Resources

  • Institution to Move Aggressively


Issues

ISSUES

  • CULTURAL

    • E-based teaching requires change; academics resist change

    • Perceptions that traditional learning is of higher quality

    • Misperceptions around academic integrity

    • Loss of control, time, structure, etc.

  • WORKLOAD:

    • Time and support for course development

    • Instructors professional development

    • Compensation arrangements for teaching larger classes

    • Faculty Association Agreements

  • PEDAGOGICAL:

    • Technologies are not the issue; Effective course design / redesign is

    • Meeting current / future student expectations


E learning what does it mean issues a context for this generation of learners

Top 25 Things that Shaped the Internet

Source:Monday April 30, 2007, USA Today

  • 747 Million adults logged on in Jan, 2007

  • 97 billion e-mails are sent each day

  • Google had 500 million visitors in Dec, 2006

  • USA: 1% broadband in 1998; 78% in 2007

  • YouTube bought by Google for $1.7 billion

  • Adobe’s Flash player on 98% of machines

  • There are 75 million blogs!

  • 19 million people play MMOG (Massively Multiplayer Online Game)!

  • 173 million personalized pages in MySpace


The open university of malaysia abtar kaur 2005 ed media

The Open University of Malaysia(Abtar Kaur, 2005, Ed Media)

Started August 2001 : approx. 800 students

Total students (2005): approx. 33,000

Total full-time academic staff : 60

Total part-time academic staff (tutors) : approx 3,000

33 Learning Centres (7 Regional Centres)

Pedagogical approach : Blended Learning


Next this generation of students

Next (This?) Generation of Students

Tech Creates Bubble for Kids

Source: C.J.Bonk: Indiana University, Keynote Presentation,MHR Teaching, Learning & Technology Conference, May 2007


Social networking software

Social Networking Software

Classmates: http://www.classmates.com/

Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/

Friendster: http://www.friendster.com/

Friendzy: http://www.friendzy.com/

MySpace: http://www.myspace.com/

Orkut: https://www.orkut.com/

Tribes: http://www.tribe.net/

YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/


Podcasting

Podcasting

Recordings of lectures (Coursecasting)

Supplemental textbook or entire book

Student projects

Interviews

Language lessons

Oral reports

Classroom interactions

Downloadable library of resources

Recordings of performances

Source: C.J. Bonk: Indiana University, Keynote Presentation, MHR Teaching, Learning & Technology Conference, May 2007


Wikis

Wikis

  • a Hawaiian word meaning "quick” or fast.

  • A wiki is a website; add, remove, and edit content.

  • Wikis allow for linking among any number of pages.

  • An effective tool for mass collaborative authoring.

  • Wikipedia is one of the best known wikis.


Blogs

Blogs

  • blends the words web and log (Web log)

  • to maintain or add content to a blog

  • Instructor or Tutor blog: resources, information, space to chat

  • Learner blog: reflections, sharing links and pics,

  • Partner blog: work on team projects or activities

  • Class blog: international exchanges, projects, PBL

  • Nutshell: summarize themes or comments across blogs

  • Blog on blog: reflections on feelings and experiences with blogs


Local e learning issues support for course development incentives and rewards

Local E-learning Issues: Support For Course Development, Incentives, And Rewards

  • No formalized University standards for e-based course design / redesign (exception is eConcordia)

  • No formalized support structure to assist faculty in development of e-based courses or e-based effective pedagogical approaches

  • No formalized structure to allow faculty who have relevant experience or are currently “experimenting” with e-based learning to share learning's and experiences

  • Little or no faculty recognition for successfully integrating technology

  • Weak Centre for Teaching & Learning Services (CTLS)

  • Little coordination with Information, Instructional & Technology Services (IITS


A proposed e learning strategy for concordia

A Proposed E-learning Strategy For Concordia

ENABLING RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Undertake a University wide eLearning-based initiative built around

  • a core of eLearning resources

  • Address cultural and compensation arising from E-Learning

  • Mandate eConcordia as the delivery channel for distance learning

  • (credit and non-credit courses)

  • Develop a major communications program and pilot programs

  • to promote eLearning

  • 5. Seek commitment from Deans & Chairs


Enabling recommendations

ENABLING RECOMMENDATIONS

UNDERTAKE UNIVERSITY WIDE E-LEARNING BASED INITIATIVE BUILT AROUND A CORE OF E-LEARNING RESOURCES:

  • Development resource base Support mechanisms for e- based course development / re-development must be put in place:

    • Define core competencies and attain critical mass

    • Organization: Unit positioning and context (CTLS, IITS, eC)

    • The manning and total resources of CTLS would be augmented to built core competencies' in online “instructional design,”

  • Demonstration projects (two per faculty; a complete program)

  • “Sharing of experiences” forums created (inter-faculty; e-learning conference, etc)

  • Pedagogical training and experiments, quality control issues


Enabling recommendations1

ENABLING RECOMMENDATIONS

  • CULTURAL AND COMPENSATION ISSUES :

  • E-learning based courses as part of workload and furthering of one’s career:

    • Development support:

      • Time and support for faculty in development of “e based” courses

      • Need for e-based learning course development skills and support

    • Compensation arrangements for Delivery need adjustment:

      • Address how “credit” for teaching large and online course with variable compensation models

      • For teaching through eConcordia for non-credit and non-full time credit student

    • Use effective approaches to changes

  • Develop a better understanding of the incentives / pedagogical and other benefits to a faculty or the University at large that causes a Dean to want develop online or e-based course.


Enabling recommendations2

ENABLING RECOMMENDATIONS

MANDATE ECONCORDIA AS THE DELIVERY CHANNEL FOR DISTANCE LEARNING (CREDIT AND NON-CREDIT COURSES)

  • MAJOR COMMUNICATIONS PROGRAM TO BE DEVELOPED TO ADDRESS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROPOSED STRATEGIES ALONG WITH DEMONSTRATION PROJECTSPROGRAMS


Organizational framework for elearning

ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR ELEARNING

eConcordia as the Delivery

Mechanism for “Distance Based”

Credit and non-Credit Courses

In classroom Instruction

[delivered by

IITS infrastructure]

Delivery

Channels

Developed as

Part of in classroom

Learning by IITS

Development Staff

Developed for

Distance Learning

By eConcordia

Development

Staff

  • Centre for Teaching

  • & Learning Services:

  • Pedagogical specialists

  • Ecourse development specialists

  • Course Management Role

Development Paths

Faculty Based Content to be Developed / Re-developed


Instructor technology myths

Tech savvy instructors are young & loyal.

Can teach the same way.

Instructors will not share

Tech savvy instructors will use latest technology.

Nothing new here.

Technology does not improve learning.

Can’t afford tech.

Must be a techie.

Instructor Technology Myths


Vital skills source the online teacher tafe guy kemshal bell april 2001

Vital SkillsSource: The Online Teacher, TAFE, Guy Kemshal-Bell (April, 2001)

  • Ability to engage the learner (30)

  • Ability to motivate online learners (23)

  • Ability to build relationships (19)

  • Technical ability (18)

  • Having a positive attitude (14)

  • Adapt to individual needs (12)

  • Innovation or creativity (11)


Top reasons for dropping out source deosnews may 2004 frankola 2001

Top Reasons for Dropping OutSource: Deosnews, May 2004; Frankola, 2001

  • Lack of time

  • Lack of management oversight

  • Lack of motivation

  • Lack of student support

  • Individual learning preference

  • Poorly designed course

  • Substandard/Inexperienced instructor


E learning what does it mean issues a context for this generation of learners

Students speak their mindsSource: Light, R. (2001). Making the most of college: Students speaktheir minds. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

1. Learning outside the classroom

2. Structure & many tests

3. Co-operation & collaboration

4. Time with faculty

5. Small is beautiful

6. Yes, we want to write


E learning what does it mean issues a context for this generation of learners

TEC-VARIETY Model forOnline Motivation and RetentionSource: C.J. Bonk: Indiana University, Keynote Presentation, MHR Teaching, Learning & Technology Conference, May 2007

Tone/Climate: Psych Safety, Comfort, Belonging

Encouragement, Feedback: Responsive, Supports

Curiosity: Fun, Fantasy, Control…

Variety: Novelty, Intrigue, Unknowns

Autonomy: Choice: Flexibility, Opportunities

Relevance: Meaningful, Authentic, Interesting

Interactive: Collaborative, Team-Based, Community

Engagement: Effort, Involvement, Excitement

Tension: Challenge, Dissonance, Controversy

Yields Products: Goal Driven, Products, Success, Ownership


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