THE POSITIVES AND NEGATIVES OF CITIZENSHIP. Estella Baker firstname.lastname@example.org. CONTENTS. “Civis europeus sum” ; Overview –rights of the defence & for victims (“positives”); Relationship to citizenship (“negatives”); Concluding observations. “CIVIS EUROPEUS SUM”.
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THE POSITIVES AND NEGATIVES OF CITIZENSHIP
“In my opinion, a Community national who goes to another Member State… is… entitled to assume that, wherever he goes to earn his living in the European Community, he will be treated in accordance with a common code of fundamental values, in particular those laid down in the ECHR. In other words, he is entitled to say 'civis europeus sum' and to invoke that status in order to oppose any violation of his fundamental rights.”
(Case C-168/91 Konstantinidis, Opinion of AG Jacobs, paragraph 46)
“the Court draws inspiration from the constitutional traditions common to the Member States and from the guidelines supplied by international treaties for the protection of human rights on which the Member States have collaborated or of which they are signatories. The ECHR has special significance in that respect. It follows that the Community cannot accept measures which are incompatible with observance of the human rights thus recognised and guaranteed.”
(Case C-260/89 ERT, paragraph 41)