Download
1 / 21

Stages of Reproduction - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 92 Views
  • Uploaded on

Stages of Reproduction. Principles of Agricultural Science – Animal. Unit 6 – Lesson 6.3 The Pathway to Production. Puberty. The time when sexual maturity is reached Influenced mostly by age and weight In males, sperm production begins In females, estrous cycle begins. Estrous Cycle.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Stages of Reproduction' - fallon


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Stages of reproduction
Stages of Reproduction

Principles of Agricultural Science – Animal

Unit 6 – Lesson 6.3 The Pathway to Production


Puberty
Puberty

  • The time when sexual maturity is reached

  • Influenced mostly by age and weight

  • In males, sperm production begins

  • In females, estrous cycle begins


Estrous cycle
Estrous Cycle

  • The reproductive cycle in females in preparation for pregnancy

  • Controlled by hormones

  • Length is dependent on species


Types of estrous cycles
Types of Estrous Cycles

  • Polyestrous – several estrous cycles in a year (e.g., cats, cows and pigs)

  • Seasonally polyestrous – more than one estrous cycle during a specific time of the year:

    • Short-day breeders – fall or winter (e.g., sheep and goats)

    • Long-day breeders – spring and summer (e.g., horses)


Types of estrous cycles1
Types of Estrous Cycles

  • Diestrous – heat twice per year (e.g., dogs)

  • Other - constant estrus, able to conceive at almost any moment (rabbits)


Estrus
Estrus

  • Period of time when the female is receptive to the male

    • Also called heat

  • Estrogen level is high, progesterone level is low

  • Signs of estrus in females:

    • Nervousness

    • Swelling of the vulva

    • Frequent urination


Estrous vs menstrual cycle
Estrous vs. Menstrual Cycle

  • Hormonal control is similar in both

  • Estrous Cycle

    • Endometrium is reabsorbed

    • Only sexually receptive when in heat

  • Menstrual Cycle

    • Endometrium is expelled

    • Sexually active at any time in cycle


Gestation
Gestation

  • The length of time from conception to birth of young

  • Also known as pregnancy

  • Length varies greatly among species

  • Fetus develops in uterus or uterine horn


Parturition
Parturition

  • The act of giving birth

  • Initiated by hormones released from fetus

  • Signs of parturition:

    • Restlessness

    • Swelling of vulva and udder

    • Uterine contractions


Lactation
Lactation

  • The period of milk secretion

  • Begins at parturition and ends at weaning

  • Exception – dairy cattle

    • Lactation period extends until the cow is dried off prior to calving


Hormones
Hormones

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WGJsrGmWeKE


References
References

Taylor, R. & Field, T. (2007). Scientific farm animal production: An introduction to animal science (7th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Lawhead, J., & Baker, M. (2005). Introduction to veterinary science. Clifton Park, NY: Delmar.

Damron, W.E. (2000). Introduction to animal science: Global, biological, social, and industry perspectives. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc.


ad