Group 9 Presentation. Sheet-Metal Forming Processes. Scott Currie Jared Adams Taylor Grisham Yien- Sheng Ao Joe Butner. Extrusion and Drawing of Metals. Definitions.
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Group 9 Presentation
Yien- Sheng Ao
Extrusion and Drawing of Metals
Extrusion is defined as the process of shaping material, such as aluminum, by forcing it to flow through a shaped opening in a die. Extruded material emerges as an elongated piece with the same profile as the die opening.
This process of drawing is not to be confused with the drawing process related to the forming of sheet metals
Extrusion process actually increases the properties of metals, because it allows the creation of a final end product that is stronger and more resilient than components that must be assembled. It allows for the fabrication of products to various specifications and sizes, while being flexible enough to allow for design alterations.
Common metals used in extraction process:
Other metal alloys can be extruded with various levels of difficulty
Photos showing a new length of extrudate, just emerging from the press (left) and the production of a profile in progress (right).
The force required for extrusion depends on:
The geometric variables in extrusion are:
Flow through a die
F = 0.7TL(UTS)
Quality of sheared edges
Surface condition of sheet
Beyond yield strength but below the ultimate tensile strength
Placed on die and bent using a simple punch.
Clips for eyeglass cases!
* Internal filling is sometimes necessary to prevent collapse.
Bulging- tubular expansion
Beading- sheet metal bent into cavity
Relatively complex 3 dimensional shapes can be made out of sheet metal!
Examples of Deep Drawing
Spinning and Forming
Microcracks can lead to cracks and distortion as a blank is shaped
Machine for making blanks
Serope Kalpakjian, Steven R. Schmid
Prentice-Hall, Fifth Edition