RELATIVE CLAUSES AND PRONOUNS. RELATIVE CLAUSES CANNOT STAND ALONE! THEY ARE DEPENDENT CLAUSES ATTACHED TO A MAIN CLAUSE. They always begin with a relative pronoun. A relative pronoun translates: who, which, that, whom, to whom, for whom, etc. In Latin,
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THEY ARE DEPENDENT CLAUSES ATTACHED TO A
A relative pronoun translates:
who, which, that, whom, to whom, for whom, etc.
relative pronouns begin with the letters
“qu” or “cu”:
Nom: qui, quae, quod
Dat: cui, cui, cui,
Acc: quem, quam, quod
Nom: qui, quae, quae
Dat: quibus, quibus, quibus
Acc. quos, quas, quae
Relative pronouns always refer to a noun or pronoun found in the main clause.
That noun or pronoun is called an antecedent.
For example the main clause.:
Varica chased the dog, who barked at the children, down the street.
Where is the relative clause?
What word is the relative pronoun?
What word is the antecedent?
The the main clause.case of a relative pronoun is determined by its
grammaticalfunction in the clause.
Questions to ask: the main clause.
what is the verb in the clause?
Is there an expressed noun that functions as the subject of that verb?
If not, then the relative pronoun will function as the subject – and therefore will be in the NOMINATIVE CASE.
1. If the relative pronoun is the main clause.
functioning as the direct object
of the clause, it must be in the:
If the relative pronoun is functioning as the indirect object of a clause, it must be in the:
IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT YOU LEARN TO ASK THE RIGHT QUESTIONS! the main clause.
NOW, the main clause.
LET’S GO OVER SOME EXAMPLES…….