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35th Annual CCCU Presidents Conference | Washington, D.C. | 1.28.11. National Profile on Ethnic/Racial Diversity of Enrollment, Graduation Rates, Faculty, and Administrators Among the CCCU. Robert Reyes, Ph.D. | Kimberly Case, Ph.D. Introduction.

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slide1

35th Annual CCCU Presidents Conference | Washington, D.C. | 1.28.11

National Profile on Ethnic/Racial Diversity of Enrollment, Graduation Rates, Faculty, and Administrators Among the CCCU

Robert Reyes, Ph.D.| Kimberly Case, Ph.D.

introduction
Introduction
  • Center for Intercultural Teaching and Learning: Conducts research and coordinates services supporting the higher education needs of Latino students in the Midwest.
  • DATA: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/datacenter/
  • REGIONS: Northeast, Midwest, Southeast, Southwest, West
introduction1
Introduction
  • SAMPLE

129 CCCU member & affiliate institutions

400 Comparison institutions

  • MEAN PERCENTAGES
    • percentage of students or employees of color at each institution
    • and then taking the mean (average) of those percentages
slide6

The overall percentage of students of color in CCCU institutions increased gradually from 16.6% in 2003 to 19.9% in 2009.

  • In comparison, the rate of diversity among non-CCCU institutions also increased from 20.5% in 2003 to 23.2% in 2009.

N = 129 CCCU N = 400 Comparison Institutions

slide7

NORTHEAST

  • In the Northeast CCCU institutions experienced steady increase from 18.0% in 2003 to 22.3% in 2009.
  • Among all the regions, the Northeast showed the closest proximity between CCCU and Non-CCCU institutions on diversity rates.

N = 10 CCCU N = 126 Comparison Institutions

slide8

MIDWEST

  • The Midwest reported the lowest rates of diversity within the Council ranging from 11.8% in 2003 and 13.4% in 2009.
  • The rates among Non-CCCU were also lower. Rates ranged from 14.8% in 2003 to 17.1% in 2009.
  • The Midwest also contains the largest concentration of CCCU schools with 40.

N = 40 CCCU N = 122 Comparison Institutions

slide9

SOUTHEAST

  • Diversity rates in the Southeast also increased gradually over this time period. Rates increase from 16.5% in 2003 to 20.4% in 2009.
  • 2009 gap = 5.9%

N = 37 CCCU N = 95 Comparison Institutions

slide10

SOUTHWEST

  • The Southwest represents the largest concentration of diverse students in the Council. The rates ranged from 24.4% in 2003 to 29.4 in 2009.
  • Comparison institutions outpaced the CCCU by 7 percentage points, ranging from 32.4% in 2003 to 37.1% in 2009.

N = 17 CCCU N = 17 Comparison Institutions

slide11

WEST

  • The West had a gradual increase among CCCU institutions. There was however, the largest discrepancy between CCCU and non-CCCU institutions in this region.
  • The mean percentage gap was 13.2.%.

N = 25 CCCU N = 40 Comparison Institutions

slide12

CCCU: Enrollment and Ethnicity, 2003-2009

  • NORTHEAST: African American - largest group, steady growth from 10.2-11.9%; Hispanic, 4.3-5.9%
  • MIDWEST: African American: 5.7-6.5% (highest in 2008), Hispanic: 2.2-3.1%; Asian - 1.5% (stable)
  • SOUTHEAST: African American: steady growth 11.3-13.6%; Hispanic: small, but steady growth, 2-3%; Asian: 1% (stable)
  • SOUTHWEST: African American: 10.3-11.1%; Hispanic: 7.9-9.8%-most dramatic growth; American Indian: around 2.5%
  • WEST: Hispanic - largest group: 8.5%-9.6%; Asian/Pacific Islander: 4.2-5.2%
slide14

NORTHEAST

  • CCCU completions fluctuated slightly in the past 7 years: 15.4% in 2003, 17.1 % in 2006 (the highest), and 16.5% in 2009
  • Comparison institutions experienced steady growth: a low of 18.4% in 2003 and a high of 19.6% in 2009
  • 2009 gap = 3.1%

N = 10 CCCU N = 123 Comparison Institutions

slide15

MIDWEST

  • Lowest regional percentage of completions
  • CCCU institutions reported 11% - 12%
  • Comparison institutions had slight, but steady growth (12.5% - 13.8%)
  • 2009 gap = 1.0% - lowest among the regions

N = 40 CCCU N = 118 Comparison Institutions

slide16

SOUTHEAST

  • CCCU and comparison institutions experienced steady growth in completions.
  • CCCU:
    • 13.9% - 2003
    • 16.3% - 2009
  • Comparison institutions:
    • 18.1% - 2003
    • 20.8% - 2009
  • 2009 gap = 4.5%

N = 37 CCCU N = 91 Comparison Institutions

slide17

SOUTHWEST

  • Highest percentage of regional completions
  • CCCU had slight variations, but reached a high in 2009: 26.1%
  • Comparison institutions had steady growth with a high of 35.0% in 2009
  • 2009 gap= 8.9%

N = 17 CCCU N = 17 Comparison Institutions

slide18

WEST

  • CCCU varied slightly between 17.5% in 2003 and 18.8% in 2009.
  • Comparison institutions reached a high in 2007 with 31.1%.
  • 2009 gap = 11.2% - the most dramatic among the regions

N = 25 CCCU N = 35 Comparison Institutions

slide19

CCCU: Completion and Ethnicity, 2003-2009

  • NORTHEAST: African Americans are the largest group: 8-9% of graduates
  • MIDWEST: African Americans (4-5%) and Hispanics (3-4%)
  • SOUTHEAST: African Americans - steady growth (8.9%-10.5%)
  • SOUTHWEST: African Americans (7.8-8.5%) and Hispanics (6.7-10.1%) make up the largest groups among graduates
  • WEST: Hispanics are the largest group: 6.9% in 2003 to 9% in 2008; Asian/Pacific Islanders make up the next largest group (around 4% across years)
slide21

TENURED FACULTY

  • CCCU increased from 4.2% in 2005 to 5.8% in 2003.
  • Comparison institutions consistently have larger percentages of tenured faculty of color than CCCU institutions.
  • 2009 gap = 2.7%

N = 81 CCCU N = 294 Comparison Institutions

slide22

NON-TENURED

  • Comparison institutions experienced consistent growth in non-tenured faculty, reaching a high of 16.5% in 2009.
  • CCCU institutions remained at 12% between 2007 and 2009.
  • 2009 gap = 4.2

N = 81 CCCU N = 294 Comparison Institutions

slide23

NON-TENURE TRACK

  • Category includes institutions who do not have a tenure track as well as institutions who have tenured, non-tenured (but on a tenure track), and non-tenure track positions.
  • CCCU institutions have hovered around 7% across years.
  • 2009 gap = 4.7%

N = 112 CCCU N = 363 Comparison Institutions

slide24

Tenured, Non-Tenured, and Non-Tenure Track Faculty of Color at CCCU Institutions by Region: 2005, 2007, 2009

slide25

Tenured, Non-Tenured, and Non-Tenure Track Faculty of Color at CCCU Institutions by Region: 2005, 2007, 2009

conclusions
Conclusions

We are making gradual but steady gains in the recruitment or enrollment of students of color nationwide.

  • Significant gains were obtained in the Southwest. The lowest levels of diversity continue to be found in the Midwest.

Attending to graduation and/or completion rates may be the next challenge ahead.

  • In most case the completion rates followed enrollment levels. Significant gaps (5% to 10 % points) were found between CCCU and non-CCCU schools, particularly in the Southwest and West regions.

The recruitment and retention of faculty of color continues to be an issue.

  • Most faculty in CCCU institutions are non-tenured faculty in tenure track positions.

Representation of faculty of color in administrative ranks remains low.

Attention to economic and demographic changes in different

Regions will be critical in responding to issues of diversity.

slide29

Complete report can be found at:

http://citl.goshen.edu/

Special thanks to Sara Alvarez, Charlotte Barnett, and Daniel Moya, B.A.,

student research team, for work on the report.

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