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35th Annual CCCU Presidents Conference | Washington, D.C. | 1.28.11. National Profile on Ethnic/Racial Diversity of Enrollment, Graduation Rates, Faculty, and Administrators Among the CCCU. Robert Reyes, Ph.D. | Kimberly Case, Ph.D. Introduction.

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Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

35th Annual CCCU Presidents Conference | Washington, D.C. | 1.28.11

National Profile on Ethnic/Racial Diversity of Enrollment, Graduation Rates, Faculty, and Administrators Among the CCCU

Robert Reyes, Ph.D.| Kimberly Case, Ph.D.


Introduction

Introduction

  • Center for Intercultural Teaching and Learning: Conducts research and coordinates services supporting the higher education needs of Latino students in the Midwest.

  • DATA: Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS): http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds/datacenter/

  • REGIONS: Northeast, Midwest, Southeast, Southwest, West


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

Regions Used in the CCCU Ethnic Diversity Profile


Introduction1

Introduction

  • SAMPLE

    129 CCCU member & affiliate institutions

    400 Comparison institutions

  • MEAN PERCENTAGES

    • percentage of students or employees of color at each institution

    • and then taking the mean (average) of those percentages


Enrollment

Enrollment


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • The overall percentage of students of color in CCCU institutions increased gradually from 16.6% in 2003 to 19.9% in 2009.

  • In comparison, the rate of diversity among non-CCCU institutions also increased from 20.5% in 2003 to 23.2% in 2009.

N = 129 CCCUN = 400 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • NORTHEAST

  • In the Northeast CCCU institutions experienced steady increase from 18.0% in 2003 to 22.3% in 2009.

  • Among all the regions, the Northeast showed the closest proximity between CCCU and Non-CCCU institutions on diversity rates.

N = 10 CCCUN = 126 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • MIDWEST

  • The Midwest reported the lowest rates of diversity within the Council ranging from 11.8% in 2003 and 13.4% in 2009.

  • The rates among Non-CCCU were also lower. Rates ranged from 14.8% in 2003 to 17.1% in 2009.

  • The Midwest also contains the largest concentration of CCCU schools with 40.

N = 40 CCCUN = 122 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • SOUTHEAST

  • Diversity rates in the Southeast also increased gradually over this time period. Rates increase from 16.5% in 2003 to 20.4% in 2009.

  • 2009 gap = 5.9%

N = 37 CCCUN = 95 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • SOUTHWEST

  • The Southwest represents the largest concentration of diverse students in the Council. The rates ranged from 24.4% in 2003 to 29.4 in 2009.

  • Comparison institutions outpaced the CCCU by 7 percentage points, ranging from 32.4% in 2003 to 37.1% in 2009.

N = 17 CCCUN = 17 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • WEST

  • The West had a gradual increase among CCCU institutions. There was however, the largest discrepancy between CCCU and non-CCCU institutions in this region.

  • The mean percentage gap was 13.2.%.

N = 25 CCCUN = 40 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • CCCU: Enrollment and Ethnicity, 2003-2009

  • NORTHEAST: African American - largest group, steady growth from 10.2-11.9%; Hispanic, 4.3-5.9%

  • MIDWEST: African American: 5.7-6.5% (highest in 2008), Hispanic: 2.2-3.1%; Asian - 1.5% (stable)

  • SOUTHEAST: African American: steady growth 11.3-13.6%; Hispanic: small, but steady growth, 2-3%; Asian: 1% (stable)

  • SOUTHWEST: African American: 10.3-11.1%; Hispanic: 7.9-9.8%-most dramatic growth; American Indian: around 2.5%

  • WEST: Hispanic - largest group: 8.5%-9.6%; Asian/Pacific Islander: 4.2-5.2%


Graduation completion

Graduation - Completion


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • NORTHEAST

  • CCCU completions fluctuated slightly in the past 7 years: 15.4% in 2003, 17.1 % in 2006 (the highest), and 16.5% in 2009

  • Comparison institutions experienced steady growth: a low of 18.4% in 2003 and a high of 19.6% in 2009

  • 2009 gap = 3.1%

N = 10 CCCUN = 123 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • MIDWEST

  • Lowest regional percentage of completions

  • CCCU institutions reported 11% - 12%

  • Comparison institutions had slight, but steady growth (12.5% - 13.8%)

  • 2009 gap = 1.0% - lowest among the regions

N = 40 CCCUN = 118 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • SOUTHEAST

  • CCCU and comparison institutions experienced steady growth in completions.

  • CCCU:

    • 13.9% - 2003

    • 16.3% - 2009

  • Comparison institutions:

    • 18.1% - 2003

    • 20.8% - 2009

  • 2009 gap = 4.5%

N = 37 CCCUN = 91 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • SOUTHWEST

  • Highest percentage of regional completions

  • CCCU had slight variations, but reached a high in 2009: 26.1%

  • Comparison institutions had steady growth with a high of 35.0% in 2009

  • 2009 gap= 8.9%

N = 17 CCCU N = 17 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • WEST

  • CCCU varied slightly between 17.5% in 2003 and 18.8% in 2009.

  • Comparison institutions reached a high in 2007 with 31.1%.

  • 2009 gap = 11.2% - the most dramatic among the regions

N = 25 CCCUN = 35 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

CCCU: Completion and Ethnicity, 2003-2009

  • NORTHEAST: African Americans are the largest group: 8-9% of graduates

  • MIDWEST: African Americans (4-5%) and Hispanics (3-4%)

  • SOUTHEAST: African Americans - steady growth (8.9%-10.5%)

  • SOUTHWEST: African Americans (7.8-8.5%) and Hispanics (6.7-10.1%) make up the largest groups among graduates

  • WEST: Hispanics are the largest group: 6.9% in 2003 to 9% in 2008; Asian/Pacific Islanders make up the next largest group (around 4% across years)


Faculty

Faculty


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • TENURED FACULTY

  • CCCU increased from 4.2% in 2005 to 5.8% in 2003.

  • Comparison institutions consistently have larger percentages of tenured faculty of color than CCCU institutions.

  • 2009 gap = 2.7%

N = 81 CCCU N = 294 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • NON-TENURED

  • Comparison institutions experienced consistent growth in non-tenured faculty, reaching a high of 16.5% in 2009.

  • CCCU institutions remained at 12% between 2007 and 2009.

  • 2009 gap = 4.2

N = 81 CCCU N = 294 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • NON-TENURE TRACK

  • Category includes institutions who do not have a tenure track as well as institutions who have tenured, non-tenured (but on a tenure track), and non-tenure track positions.

  • CCCU institutions have hovered around 7% across years.

  • 2009 gap = 4.7%

N = 112 CCCUN = 363 Comparison Institutions


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

Tenured, Non-Tenured, and Non-Tenure Track Faculty of Color at CCCU Institutions by Region: 2005, 2007, 2009


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

  • Tenured, Non-Tenured, and Non-Tenure Track Faculty of Color at CCCU Institutions by Region: 2005, 2007, 2009


Administrators

Administrators


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

Administrators of Color at CCCU and Comparison Institutions


Conclusions

Conclusions

We are making gradual but steady gains in the recruitment or enrollment of students of color nationwide.

  • Significant gains were obtained in the Southwest. The lowest levels of diversity continue to be found in the Midwest.

    Attending to graduation and/or completion rates may be the next challenge ahead.

  • In most case the completion rates followed enrollment levels. Significant gaps (5% to 10 % points) were found between CCCU and non-CCCU schools, particularly in the Southwest and West regions.

The recruitment and retention of faculty of color continues to be an issue.

  • Most faculty in CCCU institutions are non-tenured faculty in tenure track positions.

    Representation of faculty of color in administrative ranks remains low.

    Attention to economic and demographic changes in different

    Regions will be critical in responding to issues of diversity.


Robert reyes ph d kimberly case ph d

Complete report can be found at:

http://citl.goshen.edu/

Special thanks to Sara Alvarez, Charlotte Barnett, and Daniel Moya, B.A.,

student research team, for work on the report.


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