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Name: Dr. Anvik Office: Hebler 214-D Phone number: 963-2901 CWU page: www.cwu.edu/~janvik Syllabus: www.cwu.edu/~janvik/cs101.

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Name dr anvik office hebler 214 d phone number 963 2901 cwu page www cwu edu janvik

Name: Dr. Anvik

Office: Hebler 214-D

Phone number: 963-2901

CWU page: www.cwu.edu/~janvik

Syllabus: www.cwu.edu/~janvik/cs101


Excel 2010

Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet application developed by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS.

It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications.

Basically, Excel is a spreadsheet program that allows you to store, organize, and analyze information.

Excel forms part of Microsoft Office.

Excel 2010


History of excel

Microsoft originally marketed a spreadsheet program called Multiplan in 1982, which was very popular on CP/M systems, but on MS-DOS systems it lost popularity to Lotus 1-2-3.

This promoted development of a new spreadsheet called Excel which started with the intention to 'do everything 1-2-3 does and do it better'.

The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985 and the first Windows version was released in November 1987.

Lotus was slow to bring 1-2-3 to Windows and by 1988 Excel had started to outsell 1-2-3 and helped Microsoft achieve the position of leading PC software developer.

This accomplishment, dethroning the king of the software world, solidified Microsoft as a valid competitor and showed its future of developing graphical software.

History of Excel


The excel interface

The Excel Interface


Components

The Quick Access Toolbar lets you access common commands no matter which tab you are on. By default, it shows the Save, Undo, and Repeat commands. You can add other commands to make it more convenient for you.

The Name box tells you the location or the "name" of a selected cell. In the image below, cell B4 is in the Name box. Note how cell B4 is where column B and row 4 intersect.

In the Formula Bar, you can enter or edit data, a formula, or a function that will appear in a specific cell. In the image below, cell C1 is selected and 1984 is entered into the formula bar. Note how the data appears in both the formula bar and in cell C1.

Components:

Rows in numbers, Columns in letters


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The Ribboncontains all of the commands you will need in order to do common tasks. It has multiple tabs, each with several groups of commands, and you can add your own tabs that contain your favorite commands. Some groups have an arrow in the bottom-right corner that you can click to see even more options.


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Excel files are called workbooks. Each workbook holds one or more worksheets (also known as "spreadsheets").

Three worksheets appear by default when you open an Excel workbook. You can rename, add and delete worksheets.

Zoom Control

Click and drag the slider to use the Zoom control. The number to the left of the slider bar reflects the zoom percentage


Cell basics

The Cell is a rectangle in a worksheet. A cell is the intersection of a row and a column.

Each cell has a name, or a cell address based on which column and row it intersects. The cell address of a selected cell appears in the Name box. Here you can see that D4is selected.

You can also select multiple cells at the same time. A group of cells is known as a cell range. Rather than a single cell address, you will refer to a cell range using the cell addresses of the first and last cells in the cell range, separated by a colon.

For example, a cell range that included cells B2, B3, and B4 would be written as B2:B4.

Cell Basics


Cell content

  • Each cell can contain :

  • Text: letters, numbers, and dates.

  • Formatting attributes that change the way letters, numbers, and dates are displayed. For example, dates can be formatted as MM/DD/YYYY or Month/D/YYYY.

  • Comments from multiple reviewers.

  • Formulas and Functions that calculate cell values. For example, SUM(cell 1, cell 2...) is a formula that can add the values in multiple cells.

Cell Content


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To Delete Cells:

There is an important difference between deleting the content of a cell and deleting the cell itself. If you delete the cell, by default the cells underneath it will shift up and replace the deleted cell.


Copy and paste cell content

Copy and Paste Cell Content

There are more Paste options that you can access from the drop-down menu on the Paste command. These options may be convenient to advanced users who are working with cells that contain formulas or formatting.


Drag and drop cells

Position your mouse on one of the outside edges of the selected cells. The mouse changes from a white cross Cursor to a black cross with 4 arrows.

Click and drag the cells to the new location.

Drag and Drop Cells


Use the fill handle to fill cells

Use the Fill Handle to Fill Cells


Modifying columns rows cells

To Modify Column Width:

To Modify the Row Height:

Modifying Columns, Rows, Cells


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To Insert Rows:

From the Home tab…

The same thing for columns...


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To delete Rows:

The same thing for columns…


Wrapping text and merging cells

From Home tab…

To Wrap Text:

Wrapping Text and Merging Cells


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To Merge Cells:

Merge & Center command on the Home tab:


Formatting cells

  • You can:

  • Change the Font

  • Change the Font Size

  • Grow Font and Shrink Font

  • Use the Bold, Italic, and Underline Commands

  • Add a Border

  • Change the Font Color

  • Add a Fill Color

  • Change Horizontal Text Alignment

  • Change Vertical Text Alignment

Formatting Cells


Formatting numbers and dates

Formatting Numbers and Dates


Creating simple formulas

Excel uses standard operators for equations, such as a plus sign for addition (+), a minus sign for subtraction (-), an asterisk for multiplication (*), a forward slash for division (/), and a caret (^) for exponents.

The key thing to remember when writing formulas for Excel is that all formulas must begin with an equal sign (=). This is because the cell contains, or is equal to, the formula and its value.

Creating Simple Formulas


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Create a Simple Formula in Excel:


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Create a Formula Using Cell References:


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Create a Formula using the Point and Click Method:


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Edit a Formula using Formula Bar:


Worksheet basics

When you open an Excel workbook, there are three worksheets by default. The default names on the worksheet tabs are Sheet1, Sheet2, and Sheet3.

To organize your workbook and make it easier to navigate, you can rename and even color code the worksheet tabs. Additionally, you can insert, delete, move, and copy worksheets.

Worksheet Basics


Freezing worksheet panes

Select the row below the rows that you want frozen and the column to the right of the columns you want frozen. For example, if you want rows 1 & 2 to always appear at the top of the worksheet even as you scroll, then select row 3. If you want columns A & B to always appear to the left of the worksheet even as you scroll, then select column C.

Freezing Worksheet Panes


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You can select Freeze Top Row or Freeze First Column:


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To Unfreeze Panes:


Common tasks in excel creating complex formulas

Order of Operations

  • Excel calculates formulas based on the following order of operations:

  • Operations enclosed in Parentheses

  • Exponential calculations (to the power of)

  • Multiplication and division, whichever comes first

  • Addition and Subtraction, whichever comes first

  • A mnemonic that can help you remember the order is:

  • Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally.

Common Tasks in ExcelCreating Complex Formulas


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Example


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To Create a Complex Formula Using the Order of Operations:

In this example formula that will add tax to the nursery order.

  • Click the cell where you want the formula result to appear (for example, F11).

  • Type the equals sign (=).

  • Type an open parenthesis, then click on the cell that contains the first value you want in the formula (for example, F4).

  • Type the first mathematical operator (for example, the addition sign).

  • Click on the cell that contains the second value you want in the formula (for example, F5), and then type a closed parenthesis.

  • Type the next mathematical operator (for example, the multiplication sign).

  • Type the next value in the formula (for example, 0.055 for 5.5% tax).

Click Enter

Result in F11


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Relative References

Excel will interpret cell references as either relative or absolute. By default, cell references are relative references. When copied or filled, they change based on the relative position of rows and columns. If you copy a formula (=A1+B1) into row 2, the formula will change to become (=A2+B2).

Absolute references, on the other hand, do not change when they are copied or filled and are used when you want the values to stay the same.

To Create and Copy a Formula Using Relative References:

Your formula is copied to the selected cells as a relative reference (C4=C2+C3, D4=D2+D3, E4=E2+E3, etc.) and the values are calculated.


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Absolute References

There may be times when you do not want a cell reference to change when copying or filling cells. You can use an absolute reference to keep a row and/or column constant in the formula.

An absolute reference is designated in the formula by the addition of a dollar sign ($). It can precede the column reference, the row reference, or both.


Working with basic functions

A function is a predefined formula that performs calculations using specific values in a particular order.

The Parts of a Function

The basic syntax to create a formula with a function is to insert an equals sign (=), a function name (SUM, for example, is the function name for addition), and arguments.

Arguments must be enclosed in parentheses. Individual values or cell references inside the parentheses are separated by either colons or commas.

Colonscreate a reference to a range of cells.

For example, =AVERAGE(E19:E23) would calculate the average of the cell range E19 through E23.

Commasseparate individual values, cell references, and cell ranges in the parentheses. If there is more than one argument, you must separate each argument by a comma.

For example, =COUNT(C6:C14,C19:C23,C28) will count all the cells in the three arguments that are included in parentheses.

Working with Basic Functions


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To Create a Basic Function in Excel:

Result

Using AutoSum to select Common Functions:

From the Home tab, Editing group


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Function Library


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Calculate a car payment:


Sorting data

To Sort in Alphabetical Order:

  • Select a cell in the column you want to sort by. In this example, we will sort by Last Name.

  • Select the Data tab, and locate the Sort and Filter group.

  • Click the ascending command  to Sort A to Z, or the descending command  to Sort Z to A.

Sorting Data


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To Sort in Numerical Order:

  • Select a cell in the column you want to sort by.

  • From the Data tab, click the ascending command to Sort Smallest to Largest, or the descending command to Sort Largest to Smallest.

  • The data in the spreadsheet will be organized numerically.


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To Sort by Date or Time:

  • Select a cell in the column you want to sort by.

  • From the Data tab, click the ascending command to Sort Oldest to Newest, or the descending command to Sort Newest to Oldest.

  • The data in the spreadsheet will be organized by date or time.


Filtering data

Filters can be used to narrow down the data in your worksheet and hide parts of it from view. Filterscan be applied in many different ways to improve the performance of your worksheet. You can filter text, dates, and numbers. You can even use more than one filter to further narrow down your results.

  • Begin with a worksheet that identifies each column using a header row.

Filtering Data


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  • Select the Data tab, and locate the Sort & Filter group.

  • Click the Filter command.

  • Drop-down arrows will appear in the header of each column.

  • Click the drop-down arrow for the column you would like to filter.

  • (In this example, we will filter the Type column to view only certain types of equipment)

  • The Filter menu appears.


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  • Uncheck the boxes next to the data you don't want to view. (You can uncheck the box next to Select All to quickly uncheck all.)

  • Check the boxes next to the data you do want to view. In this example, we will check Laptop and Projector to view only those types of equipment.


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  • Click OK. All other data will be filtered, or temporarily hidden. Only laptops and projectors will be visible.

P.S. Filtering options can also be found on the Home tab, condensed into the Sort & Filter command.

You can layer multiple filters on top of each other.


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To Clear a Filter:

The filter will be cleared from the column. The data that was previously hidden will be on display once again.

To instantly clear all filters from your worksheet, click the Filter command on the Data tab.


Formatting tables

  • Select the cells you want to format as a table. In this example, an invoice, we will format the cells that contain the column headers and the order details.

Formatting Tables

  • Click the Format as Table command in the Styles group on the Home tab.


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  • A list of predefined table styles will appear. Click a table style to select it.

  • A dialog box will appear, confirming the range of cells you have selected for your table. The cells will appear selected in the spreadsheet, and the range will appear in the dialog box.

  • If necessary, change the range by selecting a new range of cells directly on your spreadsheet.

  • If your table has headers, check the box next to My table has headers.


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  • Click OK. The data will be formatted as a table in the style that you chose.

Tables include filtering by default. You can filter your data at any time using the drop-down arrows in the header.

To convert a table back into "normal" cells, click the Convert to Range command in the Tools group. The filters and the Design tab will then disappear, but the cells will retain their data and formatting.


Modifying tables

  • To Add Rows or Columns:

  • Select any cell in your table. The Design tab will appear on the Ribbon.

  • From the Design tab, click the Resize Table command.

Modifying Tables


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  • Directly on your spreadsheet, select the new range of cells that you want your table to cover. You must select your original table cells as well.


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To Change the Table Style:

  • Select any cell in your table. The Design tab will appear.

  • Locate the Table Styles group. Click the More drop-down arrow to see all of the table styles.

  • Hover the mouse over the various styles to see a live preview.

  • Select the desired style. The table style will appear in your worksheet.


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To Change the Table Style Options:

When using an Excel table, you can turn various options on or off to change its appearance. There are six options: Header Row, Total Row, Banded Rows, First Column, Last Column, and Banded Columns.

  • Select any cell in your table. The Design tab will appear.

  • From the Design tab, check or uncheck the desired options in the Table Style Options group.

  • Depending on the Table Style you're using, certain Table Style Options may have a different effect. You may need to experiment to get the exact look you want.


Working with charts

Types of Charts

Working with Charts

Column charts use vertical bars to represent data. They can work with many different types of data, but they're most frequently used for comparing information.


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Line charts are ideal for showing trends. The data points are connected with lines, making it easy to see whether values are increasing or decreasing over time.


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Pie charts make it easy to compare proportions. Each value is shown as a slice of the pie, so it's easy to see which values make up the percentage of a whole.


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Bar charts work just like Column charts, but they use horizontal bars instead of vertical bars.


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Area charts are very similar to line charts, except that the areas under the lines are filled in.


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Surface charts allow you to display data across a 3-D landscape. They work best with large data sets, allowing you to see a variety of information at the same time.


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The title should clearly describe what the chart is illustrating.

The legend identifies which data series each color on the chart represents.

The vertical axis (also known as the y axis) is the vertical part of the chart. In this example vertical axis is also a value axis.

The data series consists of the related data points in a chart. If there are multiple data series in the chart, each one will have a different color or style. Pie charts can only have one data series.

The horizontal axis (also known as the x axis) is the horizontal part of the chart.


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To Create a Chart:

  • Select the cells that you want to chart, including the column titles and the row labels. These cells will be the source data for the chart.

  • Click the Insert tab.

  • In the Charts group, select the desired chart category (Column, for example).


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  • Select the desired chart type from the drop-down menu.

  • The chart will appear in the worksheet.


Chart tools

Once you insert a chart, a set of Chart Tools, arranged into three tabs, will appear on the Ribbon. These are only visible when the chart is selected. You can use these three tabs to modify your chart.

To Change the Chart Type:

  • From the Design tab, click the Change Chart Type command. A dialog box appears.

  • Select the desired chart type and click OK.

Chart Tools


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To Switch Row and Column Data:

  • Select the chart.

  • From the Design tab, select the Switch Row/Column command.


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To Change the Chart Layout:

  • Select the Design tab.

  • Click the More drop-down arrow in the Chart Layouts group to see all of the available layouts.

  • Select the desired layout.


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To Change the Chart Style:

  • Select the Design tab.

  • Click the More drop-down arrow in the Chart Styles group to see all of the available styles.

  • Select the desired style.


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