Gestalt Psychology

Gestalt Psychology PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Gestalt Psychology

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1. Gestalt Psychology Main Gestalt Principle “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts”

2. Gestalt Psychology Similarity Texture Segmentation Symmetry Continuation Closure Proximity Figure / Ground Common Fate Connectedness Common Region Global Superiority Effect

3. Texture Segmentation Linked to 2 Gestalt grouping principles 1. Group elements that are similar together See Figures 4.9, 4.10.See Figures 4.9, 4.10.

4. Texture Segmentation (cont’d) 2. Group elements that are proximal (close to each other) together

5. Closure

6. Parallelism/Symmetry Somewhat weaker grouping principles—group parallel and symmetric elements together Figure 4.11.Figure 4.11.

7. Dynamic Grouping Principles Common fate: group elements moving in the same direction together Show animated images demonstrating this principle from Web Activity 4.1, Gestalt Grouping Principles. See next slide for animation.Show animated images demonstrating this principle from Web Activity 4.1, Gestalt Grouping Principles. See next slide for animation.

8. Dynamic Grouping Principles (cont’d)

9. Dynamic Grouping Principles (cont’d) Synchrony: group elements changing at the same time together Show animated images demonstrating this principle from Web Activity 4.1, Gestalt Grouping Principles. See next slide for animation.Show animated images demonstrating this principle from Web Activity 4.1, Gestalt Grouping Principles. See next slide for animation.

10. Dynamic Grouping Principles (cont’d)

11. Modern Gestaltism Common region: Elements perceived to be part of a larger region group together Connectedness: Elements that are connected to each other group together See Figure 4.12See Figure 4.12

12. Rules for Linking Contours Good continuation: group elements to form smoothly continuing lines See Figure 4.7.See Figure 4.7.

13. Figure–Ground Segmentation What is the to-be-recognized object and what is the background? Gestalt figure–ground assignment principles: surroundedness, size, symmetry, parallelism See Figures 4.17, 4.18, 4.19.See Figures 4.17, 4.18, 4.19.

14. Meaning and Figure–Ground Assignment Is brown or white the figure here? Object recognition starts before figure–ground assignment finishes See Figure 4.18.See Figure 4.18.

15. The Relatability Principle (cont’d) Figure 4.21.Figure 4.21.

16. Meaning in the Edges Non-accidental features provide clues to object structure See Figure 4.22See Figure 4.22

17. Is the Whole Seen Before the Parts? Global superiority effect (Navon, 1977) See Figure 4.23See Figure 4.23

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