Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier
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Needs Assessment for Communities Affected by Colonization Barrier. Prepared by PARC 7/15/2003. Source of Facts, Maps and Numbers. Local Communities is Wall Locations, Field Visits July 2001 – April 2003. PARC – Needs Assessment Study, Feb 2003. Arij – The Wall Report, March 2003

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Needs Assessment for Communities Affected by Colonization Barrier

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Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

Needs Assessment for Communities Affected by Colonization Barrier

Prepared by PARC

7/15/2003


Source of facts maps and numbers

Source of Facts, Maps and Numbers

  • Local Communities is Wall Locations, Field Visits July 2001 – April 2003.

  • PARC – Needs Assessment Study, Feb 2003.

  • Arij – The Wall Report, March 2003

  • B’Tsalem – Behind The Barrier, April 2003

  • Negotiations Support Unit – NSU, Fact Sheets and Maps – April 2003


Background

Background

  • On 14 of April 2001, the government of Israel decided to erect a separation Barrier near the Green Line.

  • The government decided that the barrier will be built around the entire West Bank; however,

  • The government has directed the construction of only 190 km. 145 km (Stage I) are to be operational by July 2003.

  • The Actual construction began on 23 June 2002 near the village of Salem.


Purpose of the barrier

Purpose of the Barrier

  • Control of the wealthiest agricultural land to increase the area available for the development and growth of settlements.

  • Develop eastern settlements into safe suburbs for Israeli cities

  • Control of Water resources in the eastern and western slops of the West Bank

  • Provide a linkage between the green line and the Jordan valley

  • Guarantee full control over eastern and western security zones


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

Main Facts

  • The Wall in Phase one will be 145 Km long.

  • 125 km for the Districts of Jenin, Qalqilia and Tulkarem (11,400 Dunums)

    (From Zbuba to Masha) ;

  • and 20 km for the Jerusalem envelope (Northern and southern regions only).

  • The Israeli plan calls for an additional “depth barrier” to the east of the main barrier (a deep trench with barbed wire fence)


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

Main Facts

  • In some areas, the Barrier passes to a depth of six to seven km within the West Bank.

  • The size of area between the Green line and the barrier (phase 1) is 96,500 dunums.

  • The area of 5 enclaves east of the barrier contains another 65,200 dunums.

  • The barrier will affect a total of 161,700 dunums (2.9%) of the West Bank.


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

Settlements West of the Barrier

  • There will also be 10 settlements containing 23,000 settlers on the western side of the barrier in the areas of Jenin, Tulkarem, and Qalqilia.

  • And a total of 13 settlements containing 173,000 settlers within the Jerusalem envelop.


The main problem economic and social crisis already exists prior to the construction of the wall

The Main Problem: Economic and social crisis already exists prior to the construction of The Wall

  • High Unemployment rates of 80% in locations near the Green Line. 30% higher than the other areas of the West Bank.

  • 35,000 people living in 29 villages suffer from electricity problems.

  • Only 5 locations out of the 52 target locations (104,000 people) are connected the Israeli National Water Network. Cost of water exceeds $2 per Cubic meter of water

  • Crowded Class rooms

  • Lack of appropriate health services


Main facts

Main Facts

  • The first phase of the Barrier will violate the rights of 210,000 Palestinian;

  • Who live in 65 villages and 2 main cities.

  • 18 communities, home of 11,700 people, will be completely isolated by the barrier west of the barrier.

  • 19 communities, home of 128,500 people, will be trapped by the depth barrier and the enclaves resulting from the winding route of the barrier


The construction of the barrier is a direct violation to palestinian rights

The Construction of the Barrier is a direct Violation to Palestinian Rights

  • The Barrier will violate the following basic human rights:

    • The right to freedom of movement

    • The right to work and to an adequate standard of living

    • The right to property

    • The right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of mental and physical health.

    • The right to education

  • Some communities will be forced to relocate to other regions of the WB due to economic, social, and political hardships.


The affects of the barrier on water resources

The Affects of the Barrier on Water Resources


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

The Barrier and Water

  • The wall will isolate 31 artesian wells

  • These wells are owned by 636 families and provide thousands of people with water for farming and household use.

  • These 31 wells pump approximately 3.8 million cubic meters of water.


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

Source: ARIJ, Water & Environment Research Unit, 2003


Affects on agriculture

Affects on Agriculture


Main facts1

Main Facts

  • Farming is a major source of income for the communities affected by the barrier.

  • The percentage of land use for agriculture in target districts is

    • 50% in Jenin

    • 58% in Tulkarem

    • 46% in Qalqilia

    • Compared with 24% in the rest of the West Bank

    • The dunum yields $442 in target locations compared with $350 in West Bank.


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

National Impacts:

Rural Palestinian

Potential


Damages

Damages

  • The Construction of the Wall has uprooted 83,000 trees (mostly aging Roman Olive trees);

  • Destroyed 35,000 meters of irrigation networks;

  • Damaged 11,400 dunums of agricultural land.

  • 280 demolition orders have been issued.

  • These numbers are expected to triple by the time the barrier is complete in all its phases.


Main facts2

Main Facts

  • 22100 people (3173 families) who live east of the Barrier will lose 52,154 dunums of their land west of the barrier.

  • This land provides employment opportunities to 6,500 people.

  • Produces:

    • 2,200 tons of olive oil

    • 50,000 tons of fruits

    • 100,000 tons of vegetables

    • Fodder for 10,000 sheep


Employment opportunities in relationship to land

Employment Opportunities in Relationship to Land

  • Each dunums of green house provides at least (1) employment opportunity,

  • Each 10 dunums of irrigated trees provide at least (1) employment opportunity,

  • Each 200 dunums of grains provide at least (1) employment opportunity,

  • 100 dunums of olive trees provide at least (1) employment opportunity.

  • Therefore, aside from land owners, 6,500 people and their 35,000 family members are directly facing the possibility of losing their employment as a result of the Wall.


General feeling among farmers

General Feeling Among Farmers

  • Farmers are becoming very skeptical about ever reaching their lands in the future and after the wall is complete.

  • This feeling of fear and uncertainty is negatively effecting the amount of time and resources farmers are investing in their lands near the wall area or west of the Wall.

  • Palestinian Experience in Al-Mawasi area in Southern Gaza. (enclave of 5000 residents)


Gates in the barrier

Gates in the Barrier

  • There will be a total of 31 Gates in the Wall area

    • 5 main gates

    • 26 Agricultural gates

  • Farmers will be required to obtain special permits to pass through gates.

  • The State promised that laborers and suitable equipment will be allowed to pass through the gates.

  • The head of the Seam area administration declared that the 2003 budget doesn’t allocate sufficient funds to erect the 5 main gates. (Ha’aretz 31Oct 2002)


Danger facing agricultural land west of the wall

Danger Facing Agricultural Land West of the Wall

According to Israeli laws:

Land not reached and not developed by Palestinian can be legally confiscated by Israeli government.

Land surrounding the barrier will face this fate if not reached or developed by farmers


Parc s activities in locations affected by barrier

PARC’s Activities in locations affected by Barrier


Needs assessment for communities affected by colonization barrier

  • Assist farmers in affected by the barrier to organize into 21 committees that can:

    • Document the damages resulting from construction of Barrier

    • Take joint legal and other advocacy activities against the wall.

    • Supervise the Implementation of agricultural projects in their villages.

  • Organize 45 tours for foreign officials, journalists, and solidarity groups to “Barrier”

  • Conduct 17 presentations locally and abroad to increase people awareness about the dreadful affects of the “Barrier”.

  • Conduct a needs assessment study for 52 locations affected by “barrier”

  • Implement emergency projects to repair the Water pipelines damaged by the construction of the Barrier in Tulkarem and Qalqilia

  • Implement emergency projects to replant 954 uprooted olive trees in Qalqilia


Proposed intervention by parc

Proposed Intervention by PARC

  • PARC proposes an intervention that will support the farmers who work in the isolated lands between the Wall and the green line through implementing the following strategies:

    • Providing material support to farmers to guarantee the sustainable development of their lands.

    • Supporting farmers legally in order to guarantee them secure and lasting access to their lands west of the Wall.

    • Supporting farmers through the marketing of their Olive oil.

    • Developing the agricultural infrastructure of the lands west of the wall through mobilizing farmers into groups


Proposed activities

Proposed Activities

Supporting farmers with the cost of production inputs


Priority projects for the next six months

Priority Projects for the Next Six Months

  • First: Creating a model for farmers West of the Wall.

    Farmers have already bought and designed a number of tents with the help of PARC. They still need $16,000 to prepare the site, buy electrical generators, food units, and lavatories.

  • Second: Provide farmers with subsides to reestablish their green houses west of the Wall.

    Community contribution=$600000

    Subsidy contribution =$600000

    Extension costs =$42000

    Administrative costs =$90000

    Total cost = 732,000


Priority projects for the next six months1

Priority Projects for the Next Six Months

  • Third: Developing water infrastructure in Wall areas

    -Maintenance of 10 Wells and pumping motors= $120,000

    -20% of the cost of fuel for pumping water = $97,200

    -Water pipelines= $100,000

    -Pipeline installation = $40,000

    -Total cost of pipelines = $140,000

    -Extension = $25,000

    -Administrative Cost = $20,000

    -Total cost of Activity = $402,200


Priority projects for the next six months2

Priority Projects for the Next Six Months

  • Fourth: Animal Wealth projects in areas west of the Wall

    -Cost of Sheep = 5 sheep x 750 families x 350= $1,312,500

    -Veterinary care = $13 x 3750 sheep = 48,750

    -Beginning feed = $7500

    -Extension = $95,812

    -Administrative costs = $109,500

    -Total project cost = $ 1,574,062

  • Fifth: Legal Costs:

    Provide legal support: appoint a lawyer for the period of two years. Cover legal costs of cases brought to court that are expected to exceed 100 cases. = $400,000


Priority projects for the next six months3

Priority Projects for the Next Six Months

  • Sixth: Emergency intervention in Wall areas in case of a War.

    52 locations x 600 people x $30 = $936,000

  • Seventh: Capacity Building grants for Active grassroots in target locations to assist them in providing development and emergency services for local communities

    40 Grassroots x $10,000 = $400,000


Implementation methodology

Implementation Methodology

  • The project will be implemented directly by local committees, and farmers groups in the targeted locations and through coordination with PARC, and other international and local organizations.


Project implementation

Project Implementation

  • The project will be implemented directly by local committees, and farmers groups in the targeted locations and through coordination with PARC, and other international and local organizations.


Other long term projects

Other Long-term Projects

To be implemented after the success of the above projects and the development of the local grassroots


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