Governors

Governors PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Performance Objectives. Students will be able to list and describe the purpose and types of governors found on small gasoline engines. Enabling Objectives. Given the instruction in class the student will be able to list, describe, and define the purpose of the following small engine governors with 8

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Governors

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1. Governors Engine Speed control

2. Performance Objectives Students will be able to list and describe the purpose and types of governors found on small gasoline engines

3. Enabling Objectives Given the instruction in class the student will be able to list, describe, and define the purpose of the following small engine governors with 80% accuracy. Pneumatic Centrifugal Vacuum

4. Interest Approach What purpose does the governor serve on a small engine? Have any of you ever unhooked the governor on a small engine such as on you go-cart? What affect did it have?

5. Governors Governors serve three basic purposes: Maintain a speed selected by the operator which is within the range of the governor. Prevent over-speed which may cause engine damage. Limit both high and low speeds.

6. Governors Generally governors are used to maintain a fixed speed not readily adjustable by the operator or to maintain a speed selected by means of a throttle control lever. In either case, the governor protects against overspeeding.

7. How does it work? If the load is removed on an operating engine, the governor immediately closes the throttle. If the engine load is increased, the throttle will be opened to prevent engine speed form being reduced.

8. Example The governor on your lawnmower maintains the selected engine speed even when you mow through a clump of high grass or when you mow over no grass at all.

9. Pneumatic Governors Sometimes called air-vane governors, they are operated by the stream of air flow created by the cooling fins of the flywheel.

10. Air-Vane Governor When the engine experiences sudden increases in load, the flywheel slows causing the governor to open the throttle to maintain the desired speed. The same is true when the engine experiences a decrease in load. The governor compensates and closes the throttle to prevent overspeeding.

11. Centrifugal Governor Sometimes referred to as a mechanical governor, it uses pivoted flyweights that are attached to a revolving shaft or gear driven by the engine.

12. Mechanical Governor With this system, governor rpm is always directly proportional to engine rpm.

13. Mechanical Governor If the engine is subjected to a sudden load that reduces rpm, the reduction in speed lessens centrifugal force on the flyweights. The weights move inward and lower the spool and governor lever, thus opening the throttle to maintain engine speed.

14. Vacuum Governors Located between the carburetor and the intake manifold. It senses changes in intake manifold pressure (vacuum).

15. Vacuum Governors As engine speed increases or decreases the governor closes or opens the throttle respectively to control engine speed.

16. Hunting Hunting is a condition whereby the engine speed fluctuate or is erratic usually when first started. The engine speeds up and slows down over and over as the governor tries to regulate the engine speed. This is usually caused by an improperly adjusted carburetor.

17. Stability Stability is the ability to maintain a desired engine speed without fluctuating. Instability results in hunting or oscillating due to over correction. Excessive stability results in a dead-beat governor or one that does not correct sufficiently for load changes.

18. Sensitivity Sensitivity is the percent of speed change required to produce a corrective movement of the fuel control mechanism. High governor sensitivity will help keep the engine operating at a constant speed.

19. Summary Small engine governors are used to: Maintain selected engine speed. Prevent over-speeding. Limit high and low speeds.

20. Summary Governors are usually of the following types: Air-vane (pneumatic) Mechanical (centrifugal) Vacuum

21. Summary The governor must have stability and sensitivity in order to regulate speeds properly. This will prevent hunting or erratic engine speed changes depending upon load changes.

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