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Board of Registration in Nursing. Module 5 Guidelines: Preparing for Advanced Practice Registered Nurse Prescriptive Practice. Prescriptive Practice. Requirements Board authorization as APRN

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Module 5 guidelines preparing for advanced practice registered nurse prescriptive practice
Module 5 Guidelines: Preparing for Advanced Practice Registered Nurse Prescriptive Practice


Prescriptive practice
Prescriptive Practice

  • Requirements

    • Board authorization as APRN

    • A minimum of 24 contact hours in pharmacotherapeutics beyond those acquired in generic nursing education program

    • Valid registration(s) to issue written or oral prescriptions or medication orders from Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Drug Control Program for schedule VI and from US Drug Enforcement Administration for schedule II – V


M g l 112 s 80e 80g 80h
M.G.L. 112, s. 80E, 80G, 80H

  • Legal authorization for APRN to issue written prescriptions and order tests and therapeutics pursuant to guidelines mutually developed and agreed upon by the nurse and the supervising physician in accordance with regulations promulgated jointly by the board and the board of registration in medicine

  • CNM are exempt from the requirement for supervising physician and guidelines

  • CNS do not have prescriptive authority in MA

  • A prescription made by an CNP, CRNA, PCNS must include the name of the physician with whom such nurse has developed and signed mutually agreed upon guidelines


M g l 94c controlled substances act
M.G.L. 94C – Controlled Substances Act

  • “Controlled substance” is defined as a drug, substance, or immediate precursor in any schedule or class

  • Massachusetts statute

    http://www.mass.gov/legis/laws/mgl/gl-94c-toc.htm


Title 21 food and drugs chapter 13
Title 21 – Food and DrugsChapter 13

  • Drug Abuse Prevention and Control

  • Division of Food and Drugs

  • Federal statutes

    http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/21C13.txt


Prescription schedules
Prescription Schedules

  • Schedule I

    • (A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.

    • (B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

    • (C) There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.


Schedule ii
Schedule II

(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.

(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.

(C) Abuse of the drug or other substances may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

No prescription for a controlled substance in schedule II may be refilled.


Schedule iii
Schedule III

(A) The drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than the drugs or other substances in schedules I and II.

(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Such prescriptions may not be filled or refilled more than six months after the date thereof or be refilled more than five times after the date of the prescription unless renewed by the practitioner.[


Schedule iv
Schedule IV

(A) The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.

(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.

Control measures are similar to Schedule III. Prescriptions for Schedule IV drugs may be refilled up to five times within a six month period.


Schedule v
Schedule V

(A) The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.

(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(C) Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.

No controlled substance in schedule V which is a drug may be distributed or dispensed other than for a medical purpose


Schedule vi
Schedule VI

Massachusetts designated schedule for all prescription medications that do not fall into Scheduled I - V


105 cmr 700 000
105 CMR 700.000

  • Massachusetts regulations

  • Implementation of 94C

  • Definitions

  • Registration requirements

  • Security requirements

    http://www.mass.gov/Eeohhs2/docs/dph/regs/105cmr700.pdf


105 cmr 721 000 standards for prescription format and security
105 CMR 721.000Standards for prescription format and security

  • the registration number of the practitioner;

  • date of issuance of the prescription;

  • name, dosage, and strength per dosage unit of the controlled substance prescribed, and the quantity of dosage units;

  • name and address of the patient, except in a veterinary prescription;

  • directions for use, including any cautionary statements required; and

  • astatement indicating the number of times to be refilled.

    http://www.mass.gov/Eeohhs2/docs/dph/regs/105cmr721.pdf


In addition
In addition…….

Paper prescriptions written by CNP, CRNA, PCNS must also contain the name of the supervising physician.


Other requirements
Other Requirements

  • Special security standards for paper (review 105 CMR 721.000)

  • Indication that “Interchange is mandated unless the practitioner indicates ‘no substitution’ in accordance with the law”

  • The name and address of the practitioner must be clearly indicated on the prescription

  • A hospital or clinic prescription must have the name and address of the hospital or clinic clearly indicated on the prescription


Cnp crna pcns required to have prescriptive practice guidelines
CNP, CRNA, PCNS Required to Have Prescriptive Practice Guidelines

  • CNM exempt from guideline requirement

  • CNS do not have prescriptive authority in MA

  • Board may request at any time an opportunity to review the APRN’s prescriptive practice guidelines.


Content of Guidelines Guidelines

  • identify the supervising physician and APRN;

  • include a defined mechanism for the delegation of supervision to another physician including, but not limited to, duration and scope of the delegation;

  • describe the nature and scope of the APRN's prescribing practice;

  • identify any limitations on medications or intravenous therapy to be prescribed;

  • describe circumstances in which physician consultation or referral is required for the pharmacologic treatment of medical conditions;

  • include a defined mechanism and time frame to monitor prescribing practices;

  • specify that the initial prescription of Schedule II drugs must be reviewed within 96 hours;

  • be kept on file in the workplace and be reviewed and re-executed every two years; and

  • conform to M.G.L. c. 94C, the regulations of the Department of Public Health at 105 CMR 700.000 et seq., 105 CMR 721.000 et seq., M.G.L. c. 112, §§ 80B, 80C, 80E, 80G, 80H, and 244 CMR 4.00.

    Audit tool located at: http://www.mass.gov/eohhs/docs/dph/quality/boards/apnaudit.pdf


Educational requirement
Educational Requirement Guidelines

  • As of January 1, 2011, pursuant to MGL 94C, Section 18(e), all prescribers, upon initial application for MA Controlled Substance Registration (MCSR) and subsequently during each APRN license renewal period, must complete education relative to:

    • effective pain management,

    • identification of patients at high risk for substance abuse, and

    • counseling patients about the side effects, addictive nature and proper storage and disposal of prescription medications.

  • Please note that MGL 94C, Section 18(e) does not specify a minimum number of contact hours to comply with this education requirement. All continuing education offerings must be consistent with the Board of Registration in Nursing (Board) requirements at 244 CMR 5.00: Continuing Education and, for this specific requirement, the Board Advisory Ruling #0901: Management of Pain.


Read what you sign
Read What You Sign Guidelines

By signing the MCSR form and by your signature on your license renewal form, you attest under penalties of perjury that you have complied with state tax and child support laws, mandatory reporting laws, and all Board laws and regulations, including continuing education requirements.


Changing supervising physician
Changing Supervising Physician? Guidelines

  • If guidelines have not expired, either amend with new, dated signatures of APRN and supervising physician or write and sign new guidelines

  • Must contact MA Department of Public Health, Drug Control Program to amend MA Controlled Substance Registration


Changing practice location
Changing Practice Location? Guidelines

  • Must contact Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to amend form


Prescription monitoring program pmp
Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) Guidelines

  • tool that supports safe prescribing and dispensing and assists in addressing prescription drug misuse and abuse

  • collects prescribing and dispensing information on Massachusetts Schedule II through V controlled substances dispensed pursuant to a prescription

  • utilizes PMP data to determine prescribing and dispensing trends

  • provides patient prescription history information to prescribers and dispensers

  • provides educational information to health care providers and the public

  • provides case information to regulatory and law enforcement agencies concerning drug distribution and diversion

  • www.mass.gov/dph/dcp/onlinepmp


Prescription monitoring program pmp1
Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) Guidelines

  • Prescribers will be automatically enrolled into program upon initial or renewal of MA Controlled Substance Registration (MCSR)


Legal documentation
Legal Documentation Guidelines

  • In all records required by federal and state laws and regulations and accepted standards of nursing practice

    • Must be accurate, complete, legible

    • Sign name and initials as they appear on your license (CNP, PCNS, CRNA, CNM, CNS)

  • May use certification credentials on business cards, stationary, advertisements, and other similar correspondence


Ma controlled substance registration mcsr
MA Controlled Substance Registration (MCSR) Guidelines

Contact the Drug Control Program through the Department of Public Health

www.mass.gov/dph/dcp


Federal registration
Federal Registration Guidelines

Contact the

Federal Drug Enforcement Agency

http://www.justice.gov/dea


Review 4 00 and 9 00
Review 4.00 and 9.00 Guidelines

  • Go to the Board’s website to review:

    • 244 CMR 4.00: Massachusetts Regulations Governing Advanced Practice Registered Nursing

    • 244 CMR 9.00: Standards of Conduct


Get into the habit of checking the board s website
Get into the habit of GuidelinesChecking the Board’s Website

www.mass.gov/dph/boards/rn

  • News and Updates

  • Practice Issues

  • Alerts

  • Regulatory Guidance

  • Advisory Rulings

  • Newsletters


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