Environmental Remediation Sciences BERAC Meeting April 30, 2003. Teresa Fryberger Office of Biological and Environmental Research. Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER). Associate Director Ari Patrinos. Environmental Remediation Sciences Division Teresa Fryberger, Director.
Office of Biological and Environmental Research
Associate DirectorAri Patrinos
Environmental Remediation Sciences Division
Teresa Fryberger, Director
Climate Change Research
Jerry Elwood, Director
Life Sciences Division
Marv Frazier, Director
Medical Sciences Division
Michael Viola, Director
The DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM) was created in 1989 to
Address the environmental legacy from over 50 years of nuclear weapons research, production, and testing - some of the most technically challenging and complex work of any environmental program in the world
Accumulation from 50 years of nuclear weapons production by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessors
DOE Problem Wastes - Examples
- 403,000 cubic meters of high level waste (HLW)
- 250,000 cubic meters of solid transuranic wastes (TRU)
- 4.4 million cubic meters of low level waste (LLW)
DOE Environmental Problems
DOE Spent Fuel
Underground Storage Tanks
(Oxides, Hydroxides, Carbonates Sr, Cs,TRU)
Saltcake and Supernate
(Nitrates, Nitrites, Cs, Sr, Tc)
Separate Cs,Sr, (Tc)?
Alkaline High Level Waste
TRUs, Sr, Cs, Tc, Metals
65 Known Leakers
What happens during retrieval??
What does it mean to say “we’re done”??
“There is a particular need for long term, basic research in disciplines related to environmental cleanup … Adopting a science-based approach that includes supporting development of technologies and expertise … could lead to both reduced cleanup costs and smaller environmental impacts at existing sites and to the development of a scientific foundation for advances in environmental technologies.”
From the 1995 Galvin Commission Report On the Department of Energy Laboratories
D. radiodurans reduces uranium
R&D for solutions to DOE’s long-term environmental cleanup challenges
The Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) is developing the scientific basis for risk-based decision making and “breakthrough” approaches to cleaning up the nuclear weapons complex.
Bioremediation Research (NABIR) provides the understanding of how microbes that naturally exist in soils can stabilize metals and radionuclides. Studies span the range of microbial genetics of all the way to field studies at actual contaminated sites.
The Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) is serving environmental users from around the world by providing the leading edge of computational and experimental capabilities for understanding processes at the molecular level.
The Savannah River Ecology Laboratory (SREL)is studying the ecological impacts of remediation activities in real time at the Savannah River Site while providing hands-on educational programs at the Site.
complexation ions with tetramethoxycalixarene of cesium
EMSL $38,000 (operations)
SREL $ 6,800
Minus ~12M for unfunded Congressional earmarks in FY03!
Largest program of its kind anywhere!
“…that DOE develop a strategic vision for its Environmental Quality (EQ) R&D portfolio. This vision should provide the framework for developing the science and technology necessary to address EQ problems that extend beyond the present emphasis of short-term “compliance” and should incorporate the principal of continual improvement.”
A Strategic Vision for DOE Environmental Quality R&D(National Academy Press, 2001)
Environmental Remediation Sciences: of $)Mission
Enable scientific advances that help solve currently intractable environmental problems or otherwise provide break-through opportunities for DOE environmental missions, while also contributing to the general advance of the scientific fields involved.
The Office of Science of $)Program Offices and Environmental Capabilities
Raymond L. Orbach
Principal Deputy Director
James F. Decker
Deputy Director for Operations
Milton D. Johnson
Chief of Staff
Jeffrey T. Salmon
Office of Basic
Patricia M. Dehmer
High Energy and
S. Peter Rosen
Office of Fusion
N. Anne Davies
Office of Advanced
C. Edward Oliver
Heavy Element Chem.
Analytical & Separations Chemistry
synchrotron light sources, (nanoscience centers, neutron source)
Genomes to Life
Low Dose Radiation
EM Science Program
User Facility: EMSL
Genomes to Life
(Contaminant Flow and Transport)