What tools are needed to account for prosody in its relation with discourse
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What tools are needed to account for prosody in its relation with discourse ?. A. Di Cristo, C. Portes, C. Auran, R. Bertrand Laboratoire Parole et Langage Aix en Provence. 8th International Pragmatic Conference, Toronto, 13-18 july 2003. Introduction.

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What tools are needed to account for prosody in its relation with discourse

What tools are needed to account for prosody in its relation with discourse ?

A. Di Cristo, C. Portes, C. Auran, R. Bertrand

Laboratoire Parole et Langage

Aix en Provence

8th International Pragmatic Conference, Toronto, 13-18 july 2003


Introduction
Introduction with discourse ?

  • A session devoted to « Prosody and text units  » !

  • Our talk:

    • A preliminary issue

    • What kind of prosodic information is needed to deal with Discourse analysis?

  • Our object:

    • A complex interface network of heterogeneous forms and functions

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Some precisions
Some precisions with discourse ?

  • Form

    • in a general meaning, any verbal, prosodic and/or gestural configuration used in order to convey meaning

  • Function

    • these pragmatic meanings

  • Prosodic information

    • a real question and a complicated problem:

      • What kind of prosodic cues?

      • How to represent them?

  • Working on French

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Hypotheses about discourse
Hypotheses about discourse with discourse ?

  • Discourse

    • A contextualization activity

    • The product of this activity

  • Discourse interpretation based on integrated representations:

    • Interpretation of the combination of propositional structures (Roulet et al., 2001)

    • Interpretation of ‘embodied experiences’ (Gibbs, 2003)

8th International Pragmatic Conference


What about prosody
What about prosody? with discourse ?

  • Prosody contributes to the construction of these integrated representations through:

    • Its multilevel parsing function

    • Its relational and inferential functions

    • Its identification function

  • Types of prosodic markers

    • Local, global, iterative

    • Categorical, scalar, gradual

    • Perceptually relevant (‘interpreter strategy’, Reboul & Moeschler, 1998)

8th International Pragmatic Conference


What tool s a multilinear grid
What tool(s) ? A multilinear grid with discourse ?

  • Two patterns of interaction for discourse cues (verbal, prosodic and mimo-gestural cues):

    • Convergence

    • Dispersion

  • A multilinear grid for analysis

    • Direct interpretation of vertical alignment or syntagmatic combination of cues

    • Emergence of original interactions (heuristic aspect)

    • Emergence of relevant cues masked by their superposition

8th International Pragmatic Conference


What tool s a multilinear grid1
What tool(s) ? A multilinear grid with discourse ?

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Intsint tier and list effect
INTSINT tier and « list effect » with discourse ?

  • Repetition of intonational cadences (LUT) frequent in enumerations

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Downtrend tier and syntactic cohesion
Downtrend tier and syntactic cohesion with discourse ?

  • downtrend on successive accented syllables (A)

  • Syntactic cohesion of the first four accentual groups

  • Broken by the final commentary group (rising-falling contour)

  • Role of pauses

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Pitch range and parenthesis
Pitch Range and parenthesis with discourse ?

  • Raised level and span expansion = emphatic parenthesis

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Pitch range and polyphony
Pitch Range and polyphony with discourse ?

  • Normal ReSp/ReLe = speaker proper voice

  • Raised/expanded episod = reported speech

  • Normal/compressed segment = speaker self quotation

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Rythmical tiers and syntactic iteration
Rythmical tiers and syntactic iteration with discourse ?

  • Repetition of rythmical pattern [2 1 3]

  • Repetition of syntactic structure

  • Metrical iteration=syllable lengthening+pauses+pitch variations, etc.

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Arc accentuel accentual arc and textual grouping
« arc accentuel » (accentual arc) and textual grouping with discourse ?

  • « arc accentuel » = secondary and primary accent framing a text segment

  • Associated with the compression of the register span

  • Iconic of « entre guillemets »

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Conclusion
Conclusion with discourse ?

  • Those different samples show the diversity of prosodic means to materialize pragmatic meanings

  • They have allowed us to show how we conceive prosodic cues and represent them in order for the description to better fit discourse variability

  • This versatility is allowed by the collaboration of different prosodic cues associated with cues from other levels of language analysis

  • This approach is work in progress, the aim of which is to identify sets of forms and functions ,and their relations, relevant to discourse analysis

8th International Pragmatic Conference


Thank you for your attention with discourse ?

This presentation is available online at the following address :

http://www.lpl.univ-aix.fr/~prodige/

8th International Pragmatic Conference


The textual part of the multilinear grid
The textual part of the multilinear grid with discourse ?

8th International Pragmatic Conference


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