The History of the Internet
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 12

The History of the Internet PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 34 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The History of the Internet. Joachim Åberg Peter Hedberg Distributed Information Systems. Today. 1960. The 60's. Telephone – communication network Berkeley Packet-switching MIT Rand Institute NPL (National Physical Laboratory). The 70's.

Download Presentation

The History of the Internet

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The History of the Internet

Joachim Åberg

Peter Hedberg

Distributed Information Systems


Today

1960


The 60's

Telephone – communication network

Berkeley

Packet-switching

MIT

Rand Institute

NPL (National Physical Laboratory)


The 70's

  • By 1972 - ARPAnet grown to 15 nodes

  • NCP (network-control protocol). [RFC 001]

  • The first host-to host between ARPAnet users known as the NCP

  • Applications

  • Email program


The 70's

  • Different packet-switching networks

  • ARPAnet, ALOHANet, Telnet, Cyclades...

  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)

  • A network of networks.

  • Early versions of TCP, UDP and IP in place by the end of the 1970's.

  • 1976 Metcalfe and Boggs started an early version of Ethernet protocol


The 80's

  • ARPAnet

    • Huge increase

    • From 100 to 100000

  • Why?

    • Universities connect

      • North Eastern part of USA

  • CSNet

    • connected computers not connected to ARPAnet


The 80's

  • Internet cornerstones

    • NSFNet created

    • ARPAnet NCP→ TCP/IP in 1983

  • Late 80's

    • Important extensions to TCP

      • Implement Congestion Control

    • DNS

    • 32-bit IP a.b.c.d


Minitel

  • 1982

  • French online service

  • Free computer terminals to telephone suscribers

  • Services

    • Online purchases, train reservations. Stock prices, telephone directory, chat

  • Estimation: 25 million (out of 60) used it by the end of the 90's

  • Similar systems was introduced ( Teleguide)


WWW

  • 1980

    • Tim Berners Lee

    • ENQUIRE

    • Hypertext

  • 1984

    • Physicist needed to share data

  • 1989

    • Proposal ”a large hypertext database with typed links”

      • TIM, MOI,WWW


WWW

  • 1990

    • HTTP, HTML, browser (WWW)

  • 92-95

    • HTTP, GOPHER

    • Early Browser

      • Mosaic→Netscape Navigator

  • 96-98

    • Commercialization of the WWW

    • Google


Bubble to Present

  • 1999-2001

    • Dot-com bubble burst

  • 2001 →

    • Web 2.0

    • Wikipedia, MySpace, iTunes, Flickr, World of Warcraft, Facebook, Podcast, Google Earth, Youtube, Twitter, Bittorrent, G-Mail


  • Login