The History of the Internet
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The History of the Internet. Joachim Åberg Peter Hedberg Distributed Information Systems. Today. 1960. The 60's. Telephone – communication network Berkeley Packet-switching MIT Rand Institute NPL (National Physical Laboratory). The 70's.

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The History of the Internet

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The history of the internet

The History of the Internet

Joachim Åberg

Peter Hedberg

Distributed Information Systems


The history of the internet

Today

1960


The history of the internet

The 60's

Telephone – communication network

Berkeley

Packet-switching

MIT

Rand Institute

NPL (National Physical Laboratory)


The history of the internet

The 70's

  • By 1972 - ARPAnet grown to 15 nodes

  • NCP (network-control protocol). [RFC 001]

  • The first host-to host between ARPAnet users known as the NCP

  • Applications

  • Email program


The history of the internet

The 70's

  • Different packet-switching networks

  • ARPAnet, ALOHANet, Telnet, Cyclades...

  • DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency)

  • A network of networks.

  • Early versions of TCP, UDP and IP in place by the end of the 1970's.

  • 1976 Metcalfe and Boggs started an early version of Ethernet protocol


The 80 s

The 80's

  • ARPAnet

    • Huge increase

    • From 100 to 100000

  • Why?

    • Universities connect

      • North Eastern part of USA

  • CSNet

    • connected computers not connected to ARPAnet


The 80 s1

The 80's

  • Internet cornerstones

    • NSFNet created

    • ARPAnet NCP→ TCP/IP in 1983

  • Late 80's

    • Important extensions to TCP

      • Implement Congestion Control

    • DNS

    • 32-bit IP a.b.c.d


Minitel

Minitel

  • 1982

  • French online service

  • Free computer terminals to telephone suscribers

  • Services

    • Online purchases, train reservations. Stock prices, telephone directory, chat

  • Estimation: 25 million (out of 60) used it by the end of the 90's

  • Similar systems was introduced ( Teleguide)


The history of the internet

WWW

  • 1980

    • Tim Berners Lee

    • ENQUIRE

    • Hypertext

  • 1984

    • Physicist needed to share data

  • 1989

    • Proposal ”a large hypertext database with typed links”

      • TIM, MOI,WWW


The history of the internet

WWW

  • 1990

    • HTTP, HTML, browser (WWW)

  • 92-95

    • HTTP, GOPHER

    • Early Browser

      • Mosaic→Netscape Navigator

  • 96-98

    • Commercialization of the WWW

    • Google


Bubble to present

Bubble to Present

  • 1999-2001

    • Dot-com bubble burst

  • 2001 →

    • Web 2.0

    • Wikipedia, MySpace, iTunes, Flickr, World of Warcraft, Facebook, Podcast, Google Earth, Youtube, Twitter, Bittorrent, G-Mail


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