WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN INDIA ACHIEVEMENTS AND CONSTRAINTS. R.M.Bhardwaj Senior Scientist Central Pollution Control Board (Ministry of Environment & Forests) ‘Parivesh Bhawan', East Arjun Nagar Delhi – 110 032 E-mail : [email protected] NATIONAL WATER QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAMME.
Water quality monitoring in India started in 1978 under GEMS Programme.
National programme of Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resources started in 1984 with a total of 120 stations in 10 River Basins.
The present network comprises of 1700 stations in 27 States and 6 Union Territories spread over the country.
Monitoring is carried out on Monthly and Half Yearly basis.
Monitoring network covers 353 Rivers (979 stations), 107 Lakes (117 stations), 9 Tanks, 44 Ponds, 8 Creeks/Seawater (15 stations), 14 Canals (27 stations), 18 Drains and 491 Wells.
Core Parameters (9)
Field Observations (7)
Bio-Monitoring Parameters (3)
General Parameters (19)
Trace Metals (9)
Analysis of long term data with respect to BOD (indicator of organic pollution)