WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN INDIA ACHIEVEMENTS AND CONSTRAINTS. R.M.Bhardwaj Senior Scientist Central Pollution Control Board (Ministry of Environment & Forests) ‘Parivesh Bhawan', East Arjun Nagar Delhi – 110 032 E-mail : [email protected] NATIONAL WATER QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAMME.
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WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
ACHIEVEMENTS AND CONSTRAINTS
Central Pollution Control Board(Ministry of Environment & Forests)‘Parivesh Bhawan', East Arjun NagarDelhi – 110 032
E-mail : [email protected]
NATIONAL WATER QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAMME
Water quality monitoring in India started in 1978 under GEMS Programme.
National programme of Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resources started in 1984 with a total of 120 stations in 10 River Basins.
The present network comprises of 1700 stations in 27 States and 6 Union Territories spread over the country.
Monitoring is carried out on Monthly and Half Yearly basis.
Monitoring network covers 353 Rivers (979 stations), 107 Lakes (117 stations), 9 Tanks, 44 Ponds, 8 Creeks/Seawater (15 stations), 14 Canals (27 stations), 18 Drains and 491 Wells.
Parameters for National Water Quality Monitoring
Core Parameters (9)
Field Observations (7)
Bio-Monitoring Parameters (3)
General Parameters (19)
Trace Metals (9)
Water Quality Criteria
Primary Water Quality Criteria for Bathing
WATER QUALITY STATUS
Analysis of long term data with respect to BOD (indicator of organic pollution)
RIVER ACTION PLAN
TOWNS CONSIDERED UNDER NATIONAL RIVER ACTION PLAN
Outcome of National Monitoring Programme
Constraints in Maintaining the Network
Limitations of Monitoring Programme