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Teacher Information!. Necessary materials: PowerPoint Guide. Our Forests and Their Products. Pgs 235-242 in Ch.19 of Managing Our Natural Resources. Rangelands , Forests, & Fire. Students will be able to…. Define forest Describe the six forest regions in the U.S.

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Teacher information

Teacher Information!

  • Necessary materials:

    • PowerPoint Guide


Our forests and their products

Our Forests and Their Products

Pgs 235-242 in Ch.19 of Managing Our Natural Resources

Rangelands, Forests, & Fire


Students will be able to

Students will be able to…

  • Define forest

  • Describe the six forest regions in the U.S.


The 1 st forestry industry in the u s

The 1st Forestry Industry in the U.S.

  • Began with the 1st European to set foot in North America  Leif Ericson

  • Leif and his Vikings established logging camps in northeastern Canada

  • Harvested wood  shipped back to Europe

  • 600 years prior to the settlers of Jamestown


Forests

Forests

  • Occur where moisture is sufficient for tree growth

    • Arid regions like the Great Plains  too dry to support forests

  • Complex community of trees and other organisms  forest

  • House = tree, city = forest

    • A housing development ≠ city

    • Clump of trees ≠ forest


Forest friend and enemy

Forest: Friend and Enemy

  • Dense forests made farming & settlement difficult

  • But trees supplied materials for houses, forts, and ships

  • Source of wild game and fruit


Forests today

Forests Today

  • 749 million acres in the U.S. forested = 1/3 of the U.S.

    • 2/3 of this = commercialforest

      • 250 million acres of commercial forest are actually usable

    • 1/3 (250 million acres) = noncommercial forest

    • Commercial  Forest that has economic potential


Who owns commercial forestland

Who owns commercial forestland?

  • Private landowners  58%

  • Government  28%

  • Forest product industries  27%

    • Weyerhauser, Kraft, Union-Camp

  • Maine & New Hampshire > 80% forested

  • Nebraska & North Dakota < 2% forested


What trees are used in forestry

What trees are used in forestry?

  • Two general kinds 

  • Softwoods

    • Gymnosperms = conifers

    • Douglas fir, blue spruce, yew

  • Hardwoods

    • Angiosperms = flowering, broad-leafed trees

    • Oak, maple, beech, apple, cherry

  • Most timber production  softwoods


U s forest regions

U.S. Forest Regions

  • Different species of trees have different requirements

  • Different environmental conditions forest regions

    • Climate

    • Altitude

    • Soil type

  • 6 forest regions in continental U.S.


U s forest regions1

U.S. Forest Regions

  • West Coast

  • Western

  • Central

  • Tropical

  • Northern

  • Southern


U s forestry regions

U.S. Forestry Regions

  • Hawaii and Alaska have their own four regions

    • Coast

    • Interior

    • West

    • Dry


West coast

West Coast

  • Pacific Ocean

    • Central California  Canadian border

  • Most productive forest region

  • About 48 million acres

  • Produces > 25% of annual U.S. lumber production


West coast tree species

Douglas Fir

Coast Redwood

Western Red Cedar

Sitka Spruce

Sugar Pine

Lodgepole Pine

Incense Cedar

Port Oxford Cedar

White Fir

Red Alder

Bigleaf Maple

West Coast Tree Species


Western

Western

  • Mountainous regions

    • From Canada to Mexico in the western states (west of the Dakotas and eastern Texas)

  • Produces ~ 27% of U.S. lumber


Western region tree species

Ponderosa Pine

Idaho White Pine

Sugar Pine

Douglas Fir

Engelmann Spruce

Western Larch

White Fir

Incense Cedar

Lodgepole Pine

Western Red Cedar

Aspen

Western Region Tree Species


Central

Central

  • New York State to northern Georgia

  • West to Texas

  • North to Minnesota

  • Much of this region has been cleared for crops

  • Very diverse region


Central region tree species

Shortleaf Pine

Virginia Pine

Red Oak

White Oak

Hickory

Elm

White Ash

Black Walnut

Sycamore

Cottonwood

Yellow Poplar

Black Gum

Red Maple

Sweet Gum

Central Region Tree Species


Tropical

Tropical

  • Southern tips

    • Florida

    • Texas

  • Smallest forest region in U.S.


Tropical region tree species

Tropical Region Tree Species

  • Mahogany

  • Bay Tree

  • Mangrove


Northern

Northern

  • From Maine south along the mountains to Georgia

  • Northern Michigan

  • Northern Minnesota

  • Largest forest region in North America (extends across Canada and Alaska) although small in U.S.


Northern region tree species

Eastern White Pine

Red Spruce

Black Spruce

White Spruce

Norway Pine

Jack Pine

Balsam Fir

White Cedar

White Ash

Basswood

Tamarack

Eastern Hemlock

Aspen

Beech

Red Oak

White Oak

Yellow Birch

Black Birch

Sugar Maple

Northern Region Tree Species


Southern

Southern

  • Coast of Virginia to eastern Texas

  • North to Missouri

  • Very productive forest due to highly fertile soil


Southern region tree species

Loblolly Pine

Longleaf Pine

Shortleaf Pine

Slash Pine

Bald Cypress

Sweet Gum

Black Gum

Hickory

Southern Red Oak

White Oak

Pin Oak

Live Oak

Willow

Yellow Poplar

Cottonwood

White Ash

Southern Region Tree Species


Review

Review

  • Define forest

  • Describe the six forest regions in the U.S.


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