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Teacher Information!. Necessary materials: PowerPoint Guide. Our Forests and Their Products. Pgs 235-242 in Ch.19 of Managing Our Natural Resources. Rangelands , Forests, & Fire. Students will be able to…. Define forest Describe the six forest regions in the U.S.

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Teacher information
Teacher Information!

  • Necessary materials:

    • PowerPoint Guide

Our forests and their products

Our Forests and Their Products

Pgs 235-242 in Ch.19 of Managing Our Natural Resources

Rangelands, Forests, & Fire

Students will be able to
Students will be able to…

  • Define forest

  • Describe the six forest regions in the U.S.

The 1 st forestry industry in the u s
The 1st Forestry Industry in the U.S.

  • Began with the 1st European to set foot in North America  Leif Ericson

  • Leif and his Vikings established logging camps in northeastern Canada

  • Harvested wood  shipped back to Europe

  • 600 years prior to the settlers of Jamestown


  • Occur where moisture is sufficient for tree growth

    • Arid regions like the Great Plains  too dry to support forests

  • Complex community of trees and other organisms  forest

  • House = tree, city = forest

    • A housing development ≠ city

    • Clump of trees ≠ forest

Forest friend and enemy
Forest: Friend and Enemy

  • Dense forests made farming & settlement difficult

  • But trees supplied materials for houses, forts, and ships

  • Source of wild game and fruit

Forests today
Forests Today

  • 749 million acres in the U.S. forested = 1/3 of the U.S.

    • 2/3 of this = commercialforest

      • 250 million acres of commercial forest are actually usable

    • 1/3 (250 million acres) = noncommercial forest

    • Commercial  Forest that has economic potential

Who owns commercial forestland
Who owns commercial forestland?

  • Private landowners  58%

  • Government  28%

  • Forest product industries  27%

    • Weyerhauser, Kraft, Union-Camp

  • Maine & New Hampshire > 80% forested

  • Nebraska & North Dakota < 2% forested

What trees are used in forestry
What trees are used in forestry?

  • Two general kinds 

  • Softwoods

    • Gymnosperms = conifers

    • Douglas fir, blue spruce, yew

  • Hardwoods

    • Angiosperms = flowering, broad-leafed trees

    • Oak, maple, beech, apple, cherry

  • Most timber production  softwoods

U s forest regions
U.S. Forest Regions

  • Different species of trees have different requirements

  • Different environmental conditions forest regions

    • Climate

    • Altitude

    • Soil type

  • 6 forest regions in continental U.S.

U s forest regions1
U.S. Forest Regions

  • West Coast

  • Western

  • Central

  • Tropical

  • Northern

  • Southern

U s forestry regions
U.S. Forestry Regions

  • Hawaii and Alaska have their own four regions

    • Coast

    • Interior

    • West

    • Dry

West coast
West Coast

  • Pacific Ocean

    • Central California  Canadian border

  • Most productive forest region

  • About 48 million acres

  • Produces > 25% of annual U.S. lumber production

West coast tree species

Douglas Fir

Coast Redwood

Western Red Cedar

Sitka Spruce

Sugar Pine

Lodgepole Pine

Incense Cedar

Port Oxford Cedar

White Fir

Red Alder

Bigleaf Maple

West Coast Tree Species


  • Mountainous regions

    • From Canada to Mexico in the western states (west of the Dakotas and eastern Texas)

  • Produces ~ 27% of U.S. lumber

Western region tree species

Ponderosa Pine

Idaho White Pine

Sugar Pine

Douglas Fir

Engelmann Spruce

Western Larch

White Fir

Incense Cedar

Lodgepole Pine

Western Red Cedar


Western Region Tree Species


  • New York State to northern Georgia

  • West to Texas

  • North to Minnesota

  • Much of this region has been cleared for crops

  • Very diverse region

Central region tree species

Shortleaf Pine

Virginia Pine

Red Oak

White Oak



White Ash

Black Walnut



Yellow Poplar

Black Gum

Red Maple

Sweet Gum

Central Region Tree Species


  • Southern tips

    • Florida

    • Texas

  • Smallest forest region in U.S.

Tropical region tree species
Tropical Region Tree Species

  • Mahogany

  • Bay Tree

  • Mangrove


  • From Maine south along the mountains to Georgia

  • Northern Michigan

  • Northern Minnesota

  • Largest forest region in North America (extends across Canada and Alaska) although small in U.S.

Northern region tree species

Eastern White Pine

Red Spruce

Black Spruce

White Spruce

Norway Pine

Jack Pine

Balsam Fir

White Cedar

White Ash



Eastern Hemlock



Red Oak

White Oak

Yellow Birch

Black Birch

Sugar Maple

Northern Region Tree Species


  • Coast of Virginia to eastern Texas

  • North to Missouri

  • Very productive forest due to highly fertile soil

Southern region tree species

Loblolly Pine

Longleaf Pine

Shortleaf Pine

Slash Pine

Bald Cypress

Sweet Gum

Black Gum


Southern Red Oak

White Oak

Pin Oak

Live Oak


Yellow Poplar


White Ash

Southern Region Tree Species


  • Define forest

  • Describe the six forest regions in the U.S.