"Coal: Energy for the 21 st Century and Beyond” Gasification and BTU Conversion of Coal. Martin Considine Chris Hagedorn Washington University Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory (CREL) “Energy: From Molecular Transformation to Systems” October 25, 2006. BTU.
Washington University Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory (CREL)
“Energy: From Molecular Transformation to Systems”
October 25, 2006
World Oil Reserves May Have Peaked
Growing Gas Demand Requires Unrealistic Imports
America is Short on Oil & Gas & Very Long on Coal
U.S. Coal is the Cornerstone to U.S. Energy Security
…For Advanced Power Generation
…For Substitute Fuels: Gasoline, Natural Gas & Hydrogen
…For the Reindustrialization of America
…For Environmental Improvements
The Resource: 27% of the World’s Coal is in the United States
Imports Unlikely to Close the Gap
U.S. Consumption (Trillion Cubic Feet)
U.S. Production (Trillion Cubic Feet)
Source: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2003, 1970-2000; Annual Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case, 2005-2030.
Natural Gas Futures
Natural Gas Deliveries
Delivered cost of fossil fuel at steam electric utility plants.
Source: Platts Fossil-Fuel Receipts at Steam-Electric Utility Plants through June 2005. EIA November 2005 Short-Term Energy Outlook, July – November 2005. NYMEX HH Futures December 2005 – December 2010, ino.com on Dec. 2, 2005.
(for hydrogen and CO2 recovery)
CO2 + 4H2 CH4 + 2H20
(for diesel and naphtha)
+ hydro-treating / refining
Coal-to-BTU Conversion Process Elements
Pipeline-quality Synthetic Natural Gas
Ultra-low Sulfur Diesel / Jet Fuel
In-plant use of electricity
Air Separation Unit
Emerging Markets Include Gasification, Liquefaction & Hydrogen
Indicative BTU Conversion Project Characteristics