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"Coal: Energy for the 21 st Century and Beyond” Gasification and BTU Conversion of Coal. Martin Considine Chris Hagedorn Washington University Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory (CREL) “Energy: From Molecular Transformation to Systems” October 25, 2006. BTU.

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coal energy for the 21 st century and beyond gasification and btu conversion of coal

"Coal: Energy for the 21st Century and Beyond”Gasification and BTU Conversion of Coal

Martin Considine

Chris Hagedorn

Washington University Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratory (CREL)

“Energy: From Molecular Transformation to Systems”

October 25, 2006

BTU

coal cornerstone to america s energy security
Coal: Cornerstone toAmerica’s Energy Security

World Oil Reserves May Have Peaked

Growing Gas Demand Requires Unrealistic Imports

America is Short on Oil & Gas & Very Long on Coal

U.S. Coal is the Cornerstone to U.S. Energy Security

…For Advanced Power Generation

…For Substitute Fuels: Gasoline, Natural Gas & Hydrogen

…For the Reindustrialization of America

…For Environmental Improvements

u s is home to 27 of world s coal reserves
U.S. is Home to 27%of World’s Coal Reserves

The Resource: 27% of the World’s Coal is in the United States

imbalance forecast in u s gas supply demand
Imbalance Forecast in U.S. Gas Supply & Demand

Imports Unlikely to Close the Gap

26.9

20.9

22.0

18.2

21.1

21.0

U.S. Consumption (Trillion Cubic Feet)

U.S. Production (Trillion Cubic Feet)

Source: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2003, 1970-2000; Annual Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case, 2005-2030.

high oil and gas prices magnify coal s competitive advantage
High Oil and Gas Prices Magnify Coal’s Competitive Advantage

Natural Gas Futures

Natural Gas Deliveries

Coal Opportunity

Oil

Coal Deliveries

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Delivered cost of fossil fuel at steam electric utility plants.

Source: Platts Fossil-Fuel Receipts at Steam-Electric Utility Plants through June 2005. EIA November 2005 Short-Term Energy Outlook, July – November 2005. NYMEX HH Futures December 2005 – December 2010, ino.com on Dec. 2, 2005.

ncc sees coal converted to natural gas other energy sources
NCC Sees Coal Converted toNatural Gas, Other Energy Sources
  • Study determined that clean coal technologies are available to turn abundant U.S. coal into multiple energy forms including electricity, natural gas, transportation fuels and hydrogen
  • By 2025, new capital investments of $515 billion (present value of $350 billion) in Btu Conversion technologies would create:
    • 100 GW in new generation capacity
    • 4 TCF of coal-to-natural-gas facilities
    • 2.6 million barrels per day of coal-to-liquids
  • U.S. coal production would more than double to 2.4 billion tons of coal per year
southern states energy board sees coal converted to transportation fuels
Southern States Energy Board Sees Coal Converted to Transportation Fuels
  • SSEB calls for 5.6 million barrels per day of oil from U.S. coal
  • Would require an additional 1 billion tons per year of production
  • Bipartisan council includes governors and select legislators from 16 states and two territories
btu conversion technologies expand markets for coal
Btu Conversion Technologies Expand Markets for Coal

STEEL

ELECTRICITY

INDUSTRIAL GAS

PIPELINE

SYNGAS

SPECIALTY

CHEMICALS

ETHANOL

DIESEL

JET FUEL

HYDROGEN

what is gasification
What is Gasification ?
  • Gasification is a controlled partial oxidation of fuels, such as coal, to produce primarily carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen (H2), called syngas; rather than complete combustion to carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H20).
    • Combustion: (Cm Hn) + O2 CO2 + H20
    • Gasification: (Cm Hn) + 1/2O2 CO+ H2
what can you do with syngas
What Can You do with Syngas ?
  • Combustion: CO+ H2 + O2 CO2 + H20

(for fuel)

  • Water Gas Shift: CO + H20 (steam)  CO2 + H2

(for hydrogen and CO2 recovery)

  • Methanation: CO+ 3H2 CH4 + H20

(for SNG)

CO2 + 4H2 CH4 + 2H20

  • Fischer-Tropsch: nCO+ 2nH2 (-CH2-)n + nH20

(for diesel and naphtha)

+ hydro-treating / refining

gasification for btu conversion to gas or liquids is a multi step chemical processing facility
Gasification for Btu Conversion to Gas or Liquids is a Multi Step Chemical Processing Facility

Coal-to-BTU Conversion Process Elements

Heat Exchanger

Gas Cleanup

Pipeline-quality Synthetic Natural Gas

or

Ultra-low Sulfur Diesel / Jet Fuel

Methanation Process

Or

Fischer-Tropsch Process

Steam

In-plant use of electricity

Air Separation Unit

coal s long term markets expanding from two to five
Coal’s Long-Term Markets Expanding from Two to Five

Emerging Markets Include Gasification, Liquefaction & Hydrogen

details regarding potential gasification project types
Details Regarding Potential Gasification Project Types

Indicative BTU Conversion Project Characteristics

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