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World Ocean Database, World Ocean Atlas, and Regional Climatologies. Ocean Climate Laboratory Team/NODC. Outline. The size and shape of a global ocean profile database Data Archeology and Rescue Data flow into and out of a global ocean profile database
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Ocean Climate Laboratory Team/NODC
A quality controlled collection of ocean profiles, plankton tow , and ship-based surface measurements from 1772-present.
1) Station Data (bottles, thermometers)
5) Towed CTD
6) Profiling Floats
7) Drifting buoy (thermistor chains)
8) Moored buoy (e.g., TAO, PIRATA TRITON)
9) Autonomous Pinniped (instrumented
Blue: Quality control beyond automatic checks
1934 : Nansen Cast
1960 : MBT
1985 : XBT
Red=Nansen Cast /CTD[1890s/1964]
Light Blue=MBT 
Dark Blue=XBT 
Green=Argo float 
Orange=Tropical buoy 
data centers, universities, special projects,
fisheries, navies, government agencies, individual scientists, merchant ships etc.
Nansen’s Arctic expedition, 1893-1896
Fram (1892 – 1912)
Amundsen’s South Pole expedition, 1910-1912
* No data from Sverdrup’s Canadian Archipelago expedition (1898-1902)
5 accessions, 3 cruises
Green – XBT (8,340casts)
Red – CTD (14,521 casts)
Blue - Pinniped(3,970 dives)
Turquoise – Glider (20,499half cycles)
Blue – Quarterly
Green - Irregular
Yearly by instrument
Geographically by instrument
All updated quarterly
Native WOD format
(compact ASCII) with conversion
netCDF -> feeds into
NODC Geoportal/THREDDS server
Working now on subset dissemination through Geoportal
MAKE DATA AVAILABLE
Convert Data to Common
Format/Initial Quality Control
Secondary Quality Control
With Quality Control Flags
Post-release Quality Control
Monthly database updates
WOA13 temperature at 100 m depth at 1/4° grid resolution
Gulf Stream Example
Up to date, four regional climatologies have been completed and published at NODC web site. Gulf of Mexico (a supplement to the Gulf of Mexico Digital Atlas), the East Asian Seas Climatology, the Arctic and most recently Greenland-Iceland-Norwegian Seas
NODC existing and intended regional climatologies in the Northern Hemisphere in FY12-FY16 (the Nordic Seas Atlas is a collaborative NODC-AARI –University of Bergen project).
NODC Regional Climatology Team: Seidov, D., O.K. Baranova, M. Biddle, T.P. Boyer, D.R. Johnson, A.V. Mishonov and M. Zweng
The Greenland, Iceland and Norwegian Seas (GINS) – the gateways for water exchange between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic – play a key role in the entire high-latitudinal ocean climate formation and change.
To provide an improved oceanographic foundation and reference for multi-disciplinary studies of the GINS, NODC Regional Climatology Team developed a new set of high-resolution quality-controlled long-term annual, seasonal and monthly mean temperature and salinity fields on different depth levels.
Temperature and currents schema at 200 m
(Eldevik et al, 2009)
The NWA high-resolution regional climatology is a part of the NOAA-wide Sustained Marine Ecosystem in Changing Climate (SMECC) Project.
NODC Regional Climatology Team1 developed a new set of high-resolution quality-controlled long-term annual, seasonal and monthly mean temperature and salinity fields on different depth levels.
This new regional climatology is based on the World Ocean Database 2013 archive of temperature and salinity from observations spanning over more than a hundred years and incorporates a great deal of new data not previously available.
High-resolution NWA regional climatology provides quality-controlled temperature and salinity on 87 levels with 1/10°x1/10° grid resolution.
NODC NWA web site screenshot (web site is under construction).
At the moment, the “all-time” NWA climatology has been completed on 1/10x1/10° grid. “All-time” means the climatology was compiled using all available data. There will be decadal climatologies compiled for six decades from 1955-1954 to 2005-2012 (the last “decade” has only eight years of data). The decades 1995-2004 and 2005-2012 will be completed by the end of FY14, while earlier decades are due in FY15.
Annual temperature at the surface from NWA regional climatologies with 1°x1°, 1/4°x1/4° and 1/10°x1/10° grid resolution show dramatic improvements provided by high-resolution climatology.
Annually-averaged climatological sea surface temperature (°C)