The Revolution of 1830. www.educationforum.co.uk. Events. Following the Ordinances of St Cloud, journalists led by Thiers quickly published a manifesto (25 th July) calling on all of France to resist the return to absolutism
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‘it took almost inconceivable imbecility on the part of Charles X and his ministers’ to bring about the collapse of the Restoration.’
1830 happened because of a series of stupid and avoidable accidents.
Do you agree?
What evidence could you use to support such a view?
Magraw looks for broader social and economic causes and comes to the conclusion that the bourgeoisie incited and manipulated popular unrest in 1830 to secure their own power and then turned their attention on those forces that had secured them that power.
1830 is therefore seen in classic Marxist terms as the triumph of the bourgeoisie after an ‘Indian Summer’ for the aristocracy
‘1830 was a revolution of frustrated careerists’ (Magraw)
The Aristocracy had colonised all government and army jobs seeing this as suitable compensation for their loss of feudal rights.
Napoleon had encouraged ‘meritocracy’ so loss of opportunity under the Bourbons caused tremendous resentment amongst the middle classes
E.G.15,000 Bonapartists were purged from the army in 1815 and replaced by émigrés
‘despotism shifted from chateau to stock exchange’
A History of Modern France vol 2 Alfred Cobban
France the Bourgeois Century Roger Magraw pages 42-45
Chapter in Randell