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Gilded Age America PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Gilded Age America. America’s Growing Pains. Westward Expansion. Frontier definition: less than 2 people per square mile west of line drawn from northern to southern boundary. Mining Frontier Cattle Frontier Farming Frontier End of the Frontier

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Gilded Age America

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Gilded age america l.jpg

Gilded Age America

America’s Growing Pains


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Westward Expansion

  • Frontier definition: less than 2 people per square mile west of line drawn from northern to southern boundary.

  • Mining Frontier

  • Cattle Frontier

  • Farming Frontier

  • End of the Frontier

  • http://www.clt.astate.edu/lsaunders/2773TransMississippi%20West_files/frame.htm


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Native American Policy

  • Sand Creek Massacre (extermination) November 28, 1864

  • Reservations (removal)

  • Dawes Severalty Act (assimilation) 1887

  • http://www.csulb.edu/projects/ais/


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Modern Farming

  • Mechanization

  • Decline of the Family Farm

  • Rise of Farm Revolts

    • The Grange

    • The Populists

  • Successes

    • Paper currency

    • Antitrust and Big Business Legislation

    • Direct election of Senators

    • Graduated Income Tax

    • Farm Subsidies

  • http://projects.vassar.edu/1896/populists.html


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Industrialization and Urbanization

  • Social Darwinism

  • “Laissez-Faire”

  • Labor, Mechanization, and Transportation

  • Rise of Large Cities

  • http://library.thinkquest.org/C004367/eh4.shtml

  • http://oswego.org/staff/tcaswell/wq/gildedage/student.htm


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Railroads And National Markets

  • Travel Before Railroads

  • Construction Issues

  • Backward Linkages

  • Forward Linkages

  • Other Benefits?

  • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrintro.html


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Rise of Big Business

  • Development of Trusts

    • Monopolies

    • Oligopolies

  • Integration

  • Mechanization

  • http://cse.stanford.edu/class/cs201/projects-95-96/corporate-monopolies/government_history.html


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Famous Businessmen

  • Andrew Carnegie

  • John Rockefeller

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt

  • Jay Gould

  • Robber Barons

  • Social Gospel

  • http://oswego.org/staff/tcaswell/wq/gildedage/resources.htm


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Labor Issues

  • Safety

  • Paternalism

  • Wages

  • Child and Female Labor

  • KoL-Terrence Powderly

  • AF of L-Samuel Gompers

  • IWW-Bill Haywood

  • http://www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Quad/6460/AmLabHist/


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Immigration

  • “New” Immigrants

    • Foreign born population jumped from 4 million in 1860 to over 10 million by 1890.

    • Southern and eastern Europe, Asia

    • Language barriers greater

    • Larger cultural differences

    • Often came from rural areas

  • http://www.cis.org/topics/history.html


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Other Domestic Political Issues

  • Political Machines

  • Civil Service Reforms

  • Tariff

  • Civil War Related issues

    • Battle Flags

    • Pensions

  • http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us28.cfm


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Imperialism

  • Spanish-American War (1898-1899)

  • Hawaii (1899)

  • Samoa (1899)

  • Boxer Rebellion (1900)

    • Open Door Policy

  • Panama (1905)

  • http://www.smplanet.com/imperialism/toc.html


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Leaders in Imperialism

  • Henry Cabot Lodge

  • Alfred Thayer Mahan

  • Theodore Roosevelt


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