INTERNATIONALISATION OF SOUTH AFRICAN RESEARCH AND INNOVATION
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INTERNATIONALISATION OF SOUTH AFRICAN RESEARCH AND INNOVATION Roseanne Diab Executive Officer: ASSAf 4 April 2012 HESA Biennial Conference. Applying scientific thinking in the service of society. Strategy for Internationalisation of Research and Innovation .

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Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

INTERNATIONALISATION OF SOUTH AFRICAN RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Roseanne Diab

Executive Officer: ASSAf

4 April 2012

HESA Biennial Conference

Applying scientific thinking

in the service of society


Strategy for internationalisation of research and innovation

Strategy for Internationalisation of Research and Innovation

  • Need for a baseline study that can inform policy and focuses on, inter alia:

    • Scientific publishing

    • Mobility – researchers & graduate students

    • Research funding

    • Networks and co-operation

  • Need for development of a set of indicators to monitor internationalisation

  • Need for regular review of progress towards internationalisation

  • Internationalisation is not a value in itself but a means to achieve higher standard of research and innovation

  • “Internationalisation of Finnish Scientific

    Research” – Academy of Finland, 2009.


Science research how are we doing as a continent

Science ResearchHow are we doing as a continent?


Number of journals in wos

Number of Journals in WoS

  • Region# Journals %

    Europe5 573 49%

    North America4 251 38%

    Asia-Pacific965 9%

    Latin America272 2%

    Middle East/Africa200 1%


Global science

Global Science

  • Publishing in scientific journals - most common and powerful way to disseminate research findings

  • Visibility and credibility, requires publishing in journals indexed in global indexing databases (WoS, Scopus)

  • Journals indexed in WoSconsidered to be scientifically important

  • System assumes that 20% journals (biggest, best established, high impact and most respected) contain 80% of real value of scientific knowledge

  • Most scientists in developing countries remain at the periphery of this critical communication process—exacerbating the low international recognition and impact of their accomplishments

  • For science to become influential and productive in developing countries, this needs to change


Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

IPCC Fifth Assessment Authorship


Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

IPCC Fifth Assessment Authorship (cont)


Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

IPCC Fifth Assessment Authorship (cont)


Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

IPCC Fifth Assessment Authorship

SA has some international leaders in the Climate Change Adaptation and Impacts fields


Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

IPCC Fifth Assessment Authorship

SA lacks depth wrt numbers of internationally recognised scientists in the field of climate change


Applying scientific thinking in the service of society

IPCC Fifth Assessment Authorship

SA has poor international standing at this level


Assaf s contribution to internationalisation of research

ASSAf’s Contribution to Internationalisation of Research

  • 2006 report on “A Strategic Approach to Research Publishing” → 10 recommendations

  • Established Scholarly Publishing Unit (SPU) in Academy to implement recommendations

  • Strategic goals of SPU:

    • To enhance quality and quantity of SA research

    • To enhance visibility of SA indigenous knowledge


Improving quality and quantity of research

Improving quality and quantity of research

Systematic external peer reviewing of SA journals

Aim: To establish their quality and their role in the nation’s knowledge capital –emerging researchers?

Divided +/- 296 journals into broad subject (discipline) groups

Appointed panels and reviewers

Formulated process guidelines and editor questionnaires

Published 2 reports: Social Sciences; Agriculture (32 journals)

Finalising 4 reports: Theology; Health; Humanities – Classics, Literature & Language; Law (150 journals)

Rolling out next 4 groups

Review of all new journal applications for accreditation for DHET


Improving quality and quantity of research1

Improving quality and quantity of research

Establishment of stakeholder forums

National Scholarly Editors Forum → improving quality of editorship

Established in 2007 – meets annually

Terms of reference established

Code of best practice for editors

National Scholarly Book Publishers Forum → improving and stimulating scholarly book publishing

Established in 2011 – meets annually

Terms of reference established

Proposal for a National Book Fund


Increasing visibility of sa scholarly research

Increasing visibility of SA scholarly research

Total output in ISI-indexed journals nearly doubled over period 1995 to 2007 (3 711 to 6 245)

HE sector accounts for >80% but differential performance across universities and discipline fields

11 universities account for 92% output (1995-2007); 5 universities account for about 75% output

ISI-journal output dominated by natural & agricultural sciences (53%) and health sciences (26%). HSS comprise 11%.


Increasing visibility of sa scholarly research1

Increasing visibility of SA scholarly research

Large proportion of SA research published in local journals, many of which are non-ISI

Proportion varies across universities and by discipline

ASSAf 2006 report on Scholarly Publishing revealed that papers published in 60 SA journals did not receive a single citation in any of 9 000 ISI journals over a 15-yr period

Local high-quality journals not necessarily available to the rest of the world

Global recognition—research must be accessible to global world

Promotion of indigenous knowledge systems very important


Impact of assaf scholarly publishing programme

Impact of ASSAf Scholarly Publishing Programme

  • Concerted intervention into SA’s National Innovation System

  • Open access, fully indexed SciELO-SA platform → increasing visibility

  • Only quality journals selected for platform

  • Usage, downloads, visits can be monitored daily by the editor, author and users on the system!

  • Inclusion of SciELO journals in WoK portal

  • Oversight responsibility by ASSAfCommittee on Scholarly Publishing


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