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BAB Coach Level 1. Course Outcomes By the end of the course the candidate will be expected to understand:- Functions and the role of the British Aikido Board (BAB) Functions and the role of your association

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BAB Coach Level 1

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Bab coach level 1

BAB Coach Level 1

Course Outcomes

By the end of the course the candidate will be expected to understand:-

  • Functions and the role of the British Aikido Board (BAB)

  • Functions and the role of your association

  • Coaching Criteria and the differing coaching levels

  • Roles and responsibilities of the Coach

  • The principles of teaching and application

  • How the body works

  • The principles of training, exercise and injury management

  • Successfully applying Schemes of Work & Lesson Plans

  • Individual student observation and feedback

  • Coaching children and child protection issues

  • Risk assessments and duty of care

  • The concept of equity in sport.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Some functions and roles of the Board

The British Aikido Board maintains:

Coaching Standards

Insurance

Promotion of Aikido

Data Protection

Child Protection

Equity

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BAB Coach Level 1

Some functions and roles of your Association

Who is the head of your Association?

Know the structure of your own Association

Who represents your Association on the governing body?

Who is the Association's Coaching Liaison Officer

Who would you report serious accidents to?

Who do you go to for technical assistance?

Who is your Child Protection Officer

Who is your Data Protection Officer

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BAB Coach Level 1

Qualifications to be a Coach

Professional Indemnity Insurance is mandatory

Coach Level 1 is mandatory

The minimum technical grade set by your

association

The BAB minimum grade is 1 Kyu

The minimum age is 18 years

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coach Level 2 outline

This award is for coaches to extend their knowledge.

It is intended for instructors that are actively involved teaching at club level, beginning to coach at association level and are involved in both training and running the dojo.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coach Level 2 outline (continued)

Candidate will :

Be 21 years of age or over when registering for the course.

Be recommended by their Association and possess the necessary

technical knowledge of Aikido and hold a minimum grade of 2nd Dan.

Hold a BAB recognised coach award for a minimum period of three

years.

Have been directly involved in training a number of students to 1st Kyu.

Study a number of units both taught and distant learning and provide

relevant materials for assessment.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coach Level 3 outline

This award is for experienced coaches working at national level within their association.

It is intended to extend their knowledge and be a demanding course which will lead to a high level of qualification.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coach Level 3 outline (continued)

Candidate will :

Be 28 years of age or over when registering for the course.

Be recommended by their Association and possess the necessary

technical knowledge of Aikido and hold a minimum grade of 3rd Dan.

Hold coach level 2 award for a minimum period of three years.

Candidates will have been directly involved in the training of a number of

students to 1st Dan.

Candidates will study a number of units both taught and distant learning

and provide relevant materials for assessment.

A Curriculum Vitae supported by a statement from their Principal or CLO.

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BAB Coach Level 1

How the Body Works

The Cardio vascular system

The Lungs

The Muscles

Bones, Ligaments and Tendons

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  • The resting Heart Rate is between 60 to 80 beats per minute (bpm)

  • During exercise this rises to over 140bpm

  • The blood-flow can increase by up to 5 times during exercise

  • The Maximum Heart Rate = 220 – Age (220 – 45 years =175)

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Respiratory system

  • Composition of Air

  • Breathed In Gas Breathed Out

  • 21% Oxygen 17%

  • 78% Nitrogen 78%

  • 0% Carbon Dioxide 4%

  • 1% Trace Gases 1%

  • Volume is 3 – 5 litres(Maximum 6 Litres)

  • This will vary with the age and height of the person; the value above is for a 70 kg (154 lb), average-sized adult male.

  • Respiration rate is 15 to 20 per minute

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Muscles

Skeletal muscle is the type of muscle that we can see and feel.

Skeletal muscles attach to the skeleton and come in pairs, one muscle to move the bone in one direction and another to move it back the other way.

These muscles usually contract voluntarily, meaning that you think about contracting them and your nervous system tells them to do so.

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Tendons (elastic)

connect muscle to

bone

Ligaments (inelastic)

connect bone to bone

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BAB Coach Level 1

Do I need to know all the names?

We’re Aikido players, not surgeons

Know enough to explain

Don’t use anatomical names for the sake of it, someone will always know better!

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BAB Coach Level 1

The Coach

You should recognise that there are different ways of coaching effectively - you may be a “live wire” or the quiet but firm organiser!

Whichever you are, remember that groups will react to the enthusiasm and professionalism you bring to the session rather than to the loudness of your approach.

Remember that, however knowledgeable and enthusiastic you are, the effectiveness of your coaching will depend on good planning, sound practice and excellent communication skills.

Sports Coach UK

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  • Functions and responsibilities of the Coach

  • Specific to activity

  • Trainer

  • Motivator

  • Planner

  • Demonstrator

  • Technician

  • Role Model

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BAB Coach Level 1

  • Functions and responsibilities of the Coach

  • Generic to activity

  • Administrator

  • Treasurer

  • Transport Manager

  • Ambassador

  • Risk Assessor

  • Marketing Manager

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BAB Coach Level 1

What is a:

  • Teacher

  • Coach

  • Trainer

  • Instructor

  • Lecturer

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BAB Coach Level 1

How People Learn

  • Learning Style – Visual

    Aural

    Read/Write

    Kinaesthetic

  • Teaching Style

    During your teachinguse as many senses as possible

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How do people learn?

55% Non Verbal (Body Language)

Ensure appropriate teaching positioning

Teach to all levels and abilities within the class

Same technique for all but vary the complexity and level of detail

38% Paralanguage (Tone of Voice)

Ensure voice pitch, level and tone are appropriate and interesting

Gain performers attention especially eye contact

7% Verbal (Content of Word Used)

Use simple clear statements by avoiding Jargon

Explain How and Why

Explain the overall plan

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coaching Methods

  • Whole – Part – Whole

  • Progressive

  • Demonstration

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BAB Coach Level 1

Whole – Part – Whole

  • Demonstrate the whole technique.

  • Students practice whole technique.

  • After observation select a common fault.

  • Correct and Practice only the part of the technique that was wrong

  • Once all the students are seen to practice the part correctly then let them go back to practicing the whole technique again.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Progressive

  • Start off with practising just the body movement of a technique.

  • Now introduce a partner attacking, along with the body movement.

  • Introduce the balance breaking part of the technique.

  • At this point introduce say the hand grip.

    The technique is progressively built up by introducing small

    components of the technique, as the students grasp them..

    This method is very good for teaching beginners or children.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Demonstrations

  • They should be done in at least two directions, this is so the students can see clearly the correct movement from either side.

  • Show the demonstration at either end of the dojo as well as in the centre, this will ensure that every student is seeing the same thing, that you wish them to do.

    Major Demonstration Points

  • See and be seen.

  • Communicate at the correct level.

  • Demonstrations must be technically correct.

  • Only give one teaching point at a time.

  • Look the part.

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Observation and Assessment of Performance

Observation cycle

Observation breakdown

Setting goals and targets

Assessment and recording of performance

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The Observation Cycle

Observation of Performance

Analysis of movement

Repeat Practice

Feedback, communication

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Analysis of Movement, Performance/Technique

  • Body

  • Legs

  • Arms

  • Breathing

  • Technique

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The Principles of Teaching and Learning

Individual Performance Plans

Grading Syllabus

Schemes of work

Lesson Plans

Organisation of training sessions

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BAB Coach Level 1

Scheme of Work

  • AIM:

  • This scheme of work is for 6 weeks (12 lessons) introductory

    course to Aikido.

  • The lessons are 1.5 Hrs in Length.

  • The course starts on Monday 4th June 2007 and finishes on

    the 9th July 2007

  • Objectives:

  • To have a basic understanding of what Aikido is.

  • To be able to perform basic forward and backward rolls.

  • To be introduced to some basic techniques.

  • To be introduced to basic weapons work.

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BAB Coach Level 1

Sample Scheme of Work

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Lesson Plan

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Group Dynamics

Characteristics of groups.

Using groups constructively.

Teaching groups of various ability.

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Teaching Specifics

Specific consideration for the teaching of:

Adults

Children

Mixed ability classes

People with disabilities

Ethnic minorities

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The Training Cycle

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Principles of Training

Fit for purpose

Aerobic exercise

Anaerobic exercise

Overload

Diet and performance

Psychological

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Training Specifics – Fitness

Endurance

Speed

Strength

Flexibility

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Prevention and Rehabilitation of injury

Exercise routines

Ballistic and Passive exercise

Warm up and Cool down

Injury diagnosis and rehabilitation

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Feedback analysis’s

Individual student observation

Performance

Problems

Attitude

Providing constructive feedback

Adults

Adolescence

Children

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Duty of Care

  • Insurance

  • Equipment

  • Technical standards

  • New students

  • Child protection

  • Equity

Risk Assessments

Safety

First Aid

Hygiene

Behaviour and

discipline

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Coaching Children

Legal Age

Physical, Mental, Psychological

development

Adapting the game

Legal responsibilities

Pressures on performance

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Coaching Children

Reasons for Participating

  • Pleasure and enjoyment

  • Friendship and acceptance

  • Sense of achievement

  • Competence and independence

  • Health and fitness

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Coaching Children

Chronological age:

a child’s actual age in years

Developmental age:

the extent to which a child’s emotional, physical and social development compares, exceeds or falls short of that of a typical child of that chronological age

Training age:

the number of years’ experience a child may have gained through regular, structured training

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Coaching Children

Coaches need to consider that:

  • Children grow at different rates

  • Children experience growth spurts

  • Children, before entering puberty, tend to have disproportionately long arms and legs in relation to their body and thus may appear clumsy

  • Children’s bones, tendons, ligaments and muscles are not fully developed and are prone to injury when subjected to excessive force (e.g. weights)

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Child Protection

The Coach has a moral and legal obligation to safeguard and ensure the well being of all young people from harm, discrimination and degrading treatment.

Categories of abuse

Physical

Sexual

Emotional

Neglect

Sign and indicators of abuse

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coaching Children

Code of Behaviour:

  • Treat all children & young people with respect

  • Provide example of good conduct

  • Respect young person’s rights to personal privacy

  • Beware of physical contact

  • Challenge unacceptable behaviour

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BAB Coach Level 1

Coaching Children

Guidelines:

  • Hold Coaching Children and Young People award

  • Hold Safeguarding and Protecting Children award

  • Staff ratios

  • Men and Women assistances are all CRB checked

  • Changing rooms

  • Injuries & illness

  • Collection by parents/carers

  • Discipline

  • Physical contact

  • Sexual activity

  • Participants with disabilities

  • More than one adult present at all times

  • Club to have a Child Welfare Officer

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Reporting of Incidents

Refer to the BAB Child Protection Policy for guidance on how to deal with alleged or suspected abuse.

Contact your Association Child Protection Officer (CPO)/ Child Welfare officer

CPO will contact the BAB Child Safeguarding Officer

Any immediate concerns

contact the NSPCC’s 24 hour helpline 0808 800 5000

The BAB Child Protection Policy

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  • Accident Reporting

  • Should use RIDDOR as a guide for what information needs to be taken (accidents and near misses!)

  • Reporting of Injuries, Diseases & Dangerous Occurrences Regulations

  • http://www.hse.gov.uk/riddor/Riddor Form F2508

  • Reporting requirements

  • Club accident book

  • Training venue accident record

  • Association records

  • BAB notification for insurance purposes BAB Accident Claim Form, BAB Incident Notification Form

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Main points to Good Teaching

  • Use a lesson plan

  • Say what you are going to do

  • Look the part

  • See and be seen by being the centre of attraction

  • Maintain eye contact with all students

  • Provide individual attention to all students

  • Show a genuine interest in the students

  • Give constructive feedback and watch to see if they understand

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Main Points to Good Teaching Continued

  • Work on one point at a time

  • Communicate at the relevant level

  • Can you be heard

  • Emphasize key points

  • If appropriate use visual and suitable teaching aids

  • Use examples and analogies

  • Variation of activity

  • Be up to date

  • Summarise key points and conclusions

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Equity

BAB Coach Level 1

Equity is about fairness, it is about sharing resources so that everyone can have real access to sport, it is about putting the principles of Equal Opportunities into practice.

Sport is the unalienable right of every person and should be kept free of any kind of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, gender age, political or social status.

Based on the Council of Europe Charter

Coach Level 1 BAB V2 Feb 2009


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