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SECTION 1. DRUGS OF ABUSE. DRUG ABUSE. INTENTIONAL IMPROPER OR UNSAFE USE OF A DRUG KEY: INTENTIONAL!. DRUG MISUSE:. MISREADING A DRUG LABEL EX: TAKE 2 EVERY 6 HOURS YOU TAKE 2 EVERY 2 HOURS. DRUGS OF ABUSE USED FOR:. RECREATIONAL PURPOSES . IT IS ILLEGAL TO:. PROCESS ILLEGAL DRUGS

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section 1

SECTION 1

DRUGS OF ABUSE

drug abuse
DRUG ABUSE
  • INTENTIONAL IMPROPER OR UNSAFE USE OF A DRUG
  • KEY: INTENTIONAL!
drug misuse
DRUG MISUSE:
  • MISREADING A DRUG LABEL
  • EX: TAKE 2 EVERY 6 HOURS
  • YOU TAKE 2 EVERY 2 HOURS
drugs of abuse used for
DRUGS OF ABUSE USED FOR:
  • RECREATIONAL PURPOSES
it is illegal to
IT IS ILLEGAL TO:
  • PROCESS ILLEGAL DRUGS
  • USE ILLEGAL DRUGS
  • BUY ILLEGAL DRUGS
  • SELL ILLEGAL DRUGS
why drugs are dangerous
WHY DRUGS ARE DANGEROUS
  • PERMANENT EFFECTS ON THE BODY/BRAIN
  • RISK OF ADDICTION
  • A FACTOR IN SUICIDE, MVA’S, AND CRIME
  • RISK OF HIV, HEPATITIS VIA SHARED NEEDLES
  • LOSS OF DECISION MAKING ABILITY
why people try illegals
WHY PEOPLE TRY ILLEGALS:
  • EXPERIMENT
  • ESCAPE (BOREDOM / DEPRESSION)
  • RISK TAKERS – RISKY BEHAVIORS
  • PEER PRESSURE
  • GLAMORIZATION BY MEDIA
  • BELIEVE DRUGS WILL SOLVE PROBLEMS
    • PERSONAL, SOCIAL, MEDICAL
teens
TEENS:
  • HIGHER RISK OF ADDICTION
  • BRAINS ARE STILL DEVELOPING
  • CAN CHANGE THE FUNCTION OF THE BRAIN
section 2

SECTION 2

COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS

common about illegal drugs
COMMON ABOUT ILLEGAL DRUGS:
  • AFFECT BRAIN FUNCTION
  • DANGEROUS TO YOUR HEALTH
  • RESULT IN DEPENDENCY & ADDICTION
marijuana
MARIJUANA
  • POT, WEED, REEFER, DOPE
  • DRIED FLOWERS & LEAVES OF THE CANNABIS SATIVAPLANT
  • ACTIVE CHEMICAL IS THC
short term effects
SHORT TERM EFFECTS:
  • SLOWED ABILITY TO THINK
  • DIFFICULTY PAYING ATTENTION
  • DISTORTED SENSE OF TIME & DISTANCE
  • GIDDINESS/ SILLY
  • LOSS OF SHORT TERM MEMORY
  • LOSS OF BALANCE & COORDINATION
  • INCREASED APPETITE
  • ANXIETY
  • PANIC ATTACK
marijuana1
MARIJUANA
  • SAME NEGATIVE EFFECTS AS SMOKING CIGARETTES
  • CANCERS
  • ADDICTIONS
  • POOR LUNG HEALTH
  • EXPOSURE TO CARCINOGENS
inhalants
INHALANTS
  • DRUGS THAT ARE INHALED AS VAPORS
  • EASY TO GET:
  • HOUSEHOLD ITEMS
  • GATEWAY DRUG

leads to abuse of

more/different illegal

drugs

commonly abused inhalants
COMMONLY ABUSED INHALANTS
  • GLUE
  • PAINT THINNER
  • GASOLINE
  • MARKERS
  • PROPANE
  • BUTANE
  • NITROUS OXIDE (“POPPERS”)
dangers of inhalants
DANGERS OF INHALANTS
  • KILLS BRAIN CELLS (LACK OF O2)
  • CAUSE SUDDEN DEATH
  • DAMAGE ORGANS
  • SOFT TISSUE OF NASAL/SINUS CAVITIES
club drugs
CLUB DRUGS:
  • CLOSELY RESEMBLE COMMON ILLEGAL DRUGS
  • SYNTHETIC (MAN-MADE)
  • ECSTASY, PCP, KETAMINE, GHB
anabolic steroids
ANABOLIC STEROIDS
  • SYNTHETIC VERSIONS OF THE MALE HORMONE
  • TESTOSTERONE
  • NO PSYCHOACTIVE EFFECT
  • ILLEGAL IN SPORTS ARENA
section 3

SECTION 3

OTHER DRUGS OF ABUSE

stimulants
STIMULANTS
  • DRUGS THAT TEMPORARILY INCREASE A PERSON’S ENERGY & ALERTNESS
crack cocaine
CRACK & COCAINE:
  • STIMULANTS DERIVED FROM THE COCA PLANT
legal stimulants
LEGAL STIMULANTS:
  • NICOTINE
  • CAFFEINE
  • CAN BE ADDICTIVE
depressants
DEPRESSANTS:

DRUGS THAT CAUSE RELAXATION & SLEEPINESS

depressants1
DEPRESSANTS:
  • USED WITH ALCOHOL INCREASES THE EFFECTS
  • OVERDOSE MAY CAUSE:
    • BRAIN DAMAGE
    • COMA
    • DEATH
opiates
OPIATES
  • HIGHLY ADDICTIVE FROM THE POPPY PLANT
  • USED FOR:
    • PAIN RELIEF
    • ANESTHETICS
    • SEDATIVES
opiates legal in small doses prescription
OPIATES – LEGAL IN SMALL DOSES/PRESCRIPTION
  • MORPHINE
  • CODEINE
  • REDUCE PAIN
  • RELIEVE DIARRHEA
  • SUPPRESS COUGHING
  • INDUCE RELAXATION
heroin
HEROIN:
  • MOST COMMONLY ABUSED OPIATE
  • CAN BE SWALLOWED, SNORTED, INJECTED
heroin1
HEROIN:

HIGHLY ADDICTIVE OPIATE

heroin addicts typically
HEROIN ADDICTS typically:
  • LOSE THEIR JOBS
  • LIVE IN POOR CONDITIONS
  • SUFFER HEALTH PROBLEMS
  • ENGAGE IN CRIME TO FINANCE ADDICTION
  • CHOKE/DIE ON OWN VOMIT
  • DIE DUE TO ADDICTION
hallucinogens
HALLUCINOGENS:
  • DISTORT PERCEPTIONS
  • PERSON HEARS &/OR SEES THINGS THAT ARE NOT REAL
l s d
L.S.D.
  • ALTERS PERCEPTIONS
  • INCREASE ENERGY
  • ALTERS MOOD
  • PRODUCE STRANGE SENSATIONS & HALLUCINATIONS
psilocybin
PSILOCYBIN
  • POISONOUS SPECIES OF MUSHROOM
  • PRODUCE SIMILAR EFFECTS OF LSD
amphetamines
AMPHETAMINES:
  • ARE STIMULANTS
  • PRODUCED IN A LAB
  • “SPEED”
  • PRESCRIBED
    • TO TREAT NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS
    • LIFE THREATENING OBESITY
rohypnol
ROHYPNOL
  • WIDELY USED DATE RAPE DRUG
  • ODORLESS
  • TASTELESS
  • COLORLESS
  • Usually dropped into a drink
dextromethorphan
DEXTROMETHORPHAN
  • USED IN COUGH SYRUP
  • SIMILAR EFFECTS OF PCP (A HALLUCINGOEN)
how drug abuse affects individuals
HOW DRUG ABUSE AFFECTS INDIVIDUALS
  • CAR ACCIDENTS
  • ACCIDENTAL INJURY
  • VIOLENCE & OTHER CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
  • UNPLANNED PREGNANCY
  • STD’S
  • DEATH
n a s
N.A.S.
  • NEONATAL ABSTINENCE SYNDROME
  • DRUG WITHDRAWAL THAT OCCURS IN NEWBORN INFANTS WHOSE MOTHERS WERE FREQUENT DRUG USERS DURING PREGNANCY
drug abuse affects society
DRUG ABUSE AFFECTS SOCIETY
  • $38 BILLION SPENT ON HEALTH CARED DIRECTLY RELATED TO DRUG ABUSE (1995)
other costs
OTHER COSTS:
  • LOST PRODUCTIVITY @ WORK
  • ACCIDENTAL INJURY
  • MVA’S
  • SUICIDE
  • OVERDOSE
abuse and addiction
ABUSE AND ADDICTION
  • INCREASE IN CRIME & OTHER FORMS OF VIOLENCE
recovery
RECOVERY:

PROCESS OF LEARNING TO LIVE WITHOUT DRUGS

*usually will

include rehabilitation

drug treatment
DRUG TREATMENT
  • USUALLY INVOLVES 12 STEPS
principles of treatment
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT:
  • NO SINGLE TREATMENT FOR EVERYONE
  • EASY TO ACCESS
  • ADDRESS OTHER ISSUES (WHY DRUG ABUSE?)
  • OFFER OTHER SERVICES (COUNSEL, MEDICAL, LEGAL…
principles of treatment1
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT:
  • LONGER STAY AVAILABILITY
  • GROUP THERAPY
  • MEDICATION IF NECESSARY
  • TREATMENT OF MENTAL ILLNESS
  • INTERVENTION – CONFRONT THE ABUSER
principles of treatment2
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT:
  • MONITOR PROGRESS
  • TEST FOR HEPATITIS, HIV, AIDS
  • INCLUDE RECHECK FOR RELAPSE
saying no
SAYING “NO”!
  • SAY IT FIRMLY!
  • BUY YOURSELF TIME
  • GIVE REASONS WHY NOT
  • STATE CONSEQUENCES
  • OPTION ALTERNATE CHOICES
  • WALK AWAY
stimulants1
STIMULANTS
  • AMPHETAMINES
    • TREAT: ASTHMA, SLEEP DISORDERS, HYPERACTIVITY
    • “SPEED”
  • COCAINE
depressants2
DEPRESSANTS
  • ROHYPNOL
    • DATE RAPE DRUG
    • SLEEP DISORDERS
  • DXM
    • COUGH SYRUP
depressants3
DEPRESSANTS
  • ALCOHOL
  • Suppresses

the CNS

opiates1
OPIATES
  • NARCOTICS
  • HIGHLY ADDICTIVE
  • MORPHINE
    • USED IN LOW DOSAGES – PAIN RELIEF
  • CODEINE
    • USED IN LOW DOSAGES – COUGH SUPPRESSANT
  • HEROIN
  • COCAINE
other drugs
OTHER DRUGS
  • MARIJUANA – over 4000 chemicals inhaled
  • INHALANTS-gateway drug
  • CLUB DRUGS – ecstasy
  • STEROIDS-illegal in sports
  • HALLUCINOGENS-alters perceptions
slide55

JUST SAY

NO !

DRUGS ARE DUMB

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