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SECTION 1. DRUGS OF ABUSE. DRUG ABUSE. INTENTIONAL IMPROPER OR UNSAFE USE OF A DRUG KEY: INTENTIONAL!. DRUG MISUSE:. MISREADING A DRUG LABEL EX: TAKE 2 EVERY 6 HOURS YOU TAKE 2 EVERY 2 HOURS. DRUGS OF ABUSE USED FOR:. RECREATIONAL PURPOSES . IT IS ILLEGAL TO:. PROCESS ILLEGAL DRUGS

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Section 1

SECTION 1

DRUGS OF ABUSE


Drug abuse
DRUG ABUSE

  • INTENTIONAL IMPROPER OR UNSAFE USE OF A DRUG

  • KEY: INTENTIONAL!


Drug misuse
DRUG MISUSE:

  • MISREADING A DRUG LABEL

  • EX: TAKE 2 EVERY 6 HOURS

  • YOU TAKE 2 EVERY 2 HOURS


Drugs of abuse used for
DRUGS OF ABUSE USED FOR:

  • RECREATIONAL PURPOSES


It is illegal to
IT IS ILLEGAL TO:

  • PROCESS ILLEGAL DRUGS

  • USE ILLEGAL DRUGS

  • BUY ILLEGAL DRUGS

  • SELL ILLEGAL DRUGS


Why drugs are dangerous
WHY DRUGS ARE DANGEROUS

  • PERMANENT EFFECTS ON THE BODY/BRAIN

  • RISK OF ADDICTION

  • A FACTOR IN SUICIDE, MVA’S, AND CRIME

  • RISK OF HIV, HEPATITIS VIA SHARED NEEDLES

  • LOSS OF DECISION MAKING ABILITY


Why people try illegals
WHY PEOPLE TRY ILLEGALS:

  • EXPERIMENT

  • ESCAPE (BOREDOM / DEPRESSION)

  • RISK TAKERS – RISKY BEHAVIORS

  • PEER PRESSURE

  • GLAMORIZATION BY MEDIA

  • BELIEVE DRUGS WILL SOLVE PROBLEMS

    • PERSONAL, SOCIAL, MEDICAL


Teens
TEENS:

  • HIGHER RISK OF ADDICTION

  • BRAINS ARE STILL DEVELOPING

  • CAN CHANGE THE FUNCTION OF THE BRAIN


Section 2

SECTION 2

COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS


Common about illegal drugs
COMMON ABOUT ILLEGAL DRUGS:

  • AFFECT BRAIN FUNCTION

  • DANGEROUS TO YOUR HEALTH

  • RESULT IN DEPENDENCY & ADDICTION


Marijuana
MARIJUANA

  • POT, WEED, REEFER, DOPE

  • DRIED FLOWERS & LEAVES OF THE CANNABIS SATIVAPLANT

  • ACTIVE CHEMICAL IS THC


Short term effects
SHORT TERM EFFECTS:

  • SLOWED ABILITY TO THINK

  • DIFFICULTY PAYING ATTENTION

  • DISTORTED SENSE OF TIME & DISTANCE

  • GIDDINESS/ SILLY

  • LOSS OF SHORT TERM MEMORY

  • LOSS OF BALANCE & COORDINATION

  • INCREASED APPETITE

  • ANXIETY

  • PANIC ATTACK


Marijuana1
MARIJUANA

  • SAME NEGATIVE EFFECTS AS SMOKING CIGARETTES

  • CANCERS

  • ADDICTIONS

  • POOR LUNG HEALTH

  • EXPOSURE TO CARCINOGENS


Inhalants
INHALANTS

  • DRUGS THAT ARE INHALED AS VAPORS

  • EASY TO GET:

  • HOUSEHOLD ITEMS

  • GATEWAY DRUG

    leads to abuse of

    more/different illegal

    drugs


Commonly abused inhalants
COMMONLY ABUSED INHALANTS

  • GLUE

  • PAINT THINNER

  • GASOLINE

  • MARKERS

  • PROPANE

  • BUTANE

  • NITROUS OXIDE (“POPPERS”)


Dangers of inhalants
DANGERS OF INHALANTS

  • KILLS BRAIN CELLS (LACK OF O2)

  • CAUSE SUDDEN DEATH

  • DAMAGE ORGANS

  • SOFT TISSUE OF NASAL/SINUS CAVITIES


Club drugs
CLUB DRUGS:

  • CLOSELY RESEMBLE COMMON ILLEGAL DRUGS

  • SYNTHETIC (MAN-MADE)

  • ECSTASY, PCP, KETAMINE, GHB


Anabolic steroids
ANABOLIC STEROIDS

  • SYNTHETIC VERSIONS OF THE MALE HORMONE

  • TESTOSTERONE

  • NO PSYCHOACTIVE EFFECT

  • ILLEGAL IN SPORTS ARENA


Section 3

SECTION 3

OTHER DRUGS OF ABUSE


Stimulants
STIMULANTS

  • DRUGS THAT TEMPORARILY INCREASE A PERSON’S ENERGY & ALERTNESS


Crack cocaine
CRACK & COCAINE:

  • STIMULANTS DERIVED FROM THE COCA PLANT


Legal stimulants
LEGAL STIMULANTS:

  • NICOTINE

  • CAFFEINE

  • CAN BE ADDICTIVE


Depressants
DEPRESSANTS:

DRUGS THAT CAUSE RELAXATION & SLEEPINESS


Depressants1
DEPRESSANTS:

  • USED WITH ALCOHOL INCREASES THE EFFECTS

  • OVERDOSE MAY CAUSE:

    • BRAIN DAMAGE

    • COMA

    • DEATH


Opiates
OPIATES

  • HIGHLY ADDICTIVE FROM THE POPPY PLANT

  • USED FOR:

    • PAIN RELIEF

    • ANESTHETICS

    • SEDATIVES


Opiates legal in small doses prescription
OPIATES – LEGAL IN SMALL DOSES/PRESCRIPTION

  • MORPHINE

  • CODEINE

  • REDUCE PAIN

  • RELIEVE DIARRHEA

  • SUPPRESS COUGHING

  • INDUCE RELAXATION



Heroin
HEROIN:

  • MOST COMMONLY ABUSED OPIATE

  • CAN BE SWALLOWED, SNORTED, INJECTED


Heroin1
HEROIN:

HIGHLY ADDICTIVE OPIATE


Heroin addicts typically
HEROIN ADDICTS typically:

  • LOSE THEIR JOBS

  • LIVE IN POOR CONDITIONS

  • SUFFER HEALTH PROBLEMS

  • ENGAGE IN CRIME TO FINANCE ADDICTION

  • CHOKE/DIE ON OWN VOMIT

  • DIE DUE TO ADDICTION


Hallucinogens
HALLUCINOGENS:

  • DISTORT PERCEPTIONS

  • PERSON HEARS &/OR SEES THINGS THAT ARE NOT REAL


L s d
L.S.D.

  • ALTERS PERCEPTIONS

  • INCREASE ENERGY

  • ALTERS MOOD

  • PRODUCE STRANGE SENSATIONS & HALLUCINATIONS


Psilocybin
PSILOCYBIN

  • POISONOUS SPECIES OF MUSHROOM

  • PRODUCE SIMILAR EFFECTS OF LSD


Amphetamines
AMPHETAMINES:

  • ARE STIMULANTS

  • PRODUCED IN A LAB

  • “SPEED”

  • PRESCRIBED

    • TO TREAT NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS

    • LIFE THREATENING OBESITY


Rohypnol
ROHYPNOL

  • WIDELY USED DATE RAPE DRUG

  • ODORLESS

  • TASTELESS

  • COLORLESS

  • Usually dropped into a drink


Dextromethorphan
DEXTROMETHORPHAN

  • USED IN COUGH SYRUP

  • SIMILAR EFFECTS OF PCP (A HALLUCINGOEN)


How drug abuse affects individuals
HOW DRUG ABUSE AFFECTS INDIVIDUALS

  • CAR ACCIDENTS

  • ACCIDENTAL INJURY

  • VIOLENCE & OTHER CRIMINAL ACTIVITY

  • UNPLANNED PREGNANCY

  • STD’S

  • DEATH


N a s
N.A.S.

  • NEONATAL ABSTINENCE SYNDROME

  • DRUG WITHDRAWAL THAT OCCURS IN NEWBORN INFANTS WHOSE MOTHERS WERE FREQUENT DRUG USERS DURING PREGNANCY


Drug abuse affects society
DRUG ABUSE AFFECTS SOCIETY

  • $38 BILLION SPENT ON HEALTH CARED DIRECTLY RELATED TO DRUG ABUSE (1995)


Other costs
OTHER COSTS:

  • LOST PRODUCTIVITY @ WORK

  • ACCIDENTAL INJURY

  • MVA’S

  • SUICIDE

  • OVERDOSE


Abuse and addiction
ABUSE AND ADDICTION

  • INCREASE IN CRIME & OTHER FORMS OF VIOLENCE


Recovery
RECOVERY:

PROCESS OF LEARNING TO LIVE WITHOUT DRUGS

*usually will

include rehabilitation


Drug treatment
DRUG TREATMENT

  • USUALLY INVOLVES 12 STEPS


Principles of treatment
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT:

  • NO SINGLE TREATMENT FOR EVERYONE

  • EASY TO ACCESS

  • ADDRESS OTHER ISSUES (WHY DRUG ABUSE?)

  • OFFER OTHER SERVICES (COUNSEL, MEDICAL, LEGAL…


Principles of treatment1
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT:

  • LONGER STAY AVAILABILITY

  • GROUP THERAPY

  • MEDICATION IF NECESSARY

  • TREATMENT OF MENTAL ILLNESS

  • INTERVENTION – CONFRONT THE ABUSER


Principles of treatment2
PRINCIPLES OF TREATMENT:

  • MONITOR PROGRESS

  • TEST FOR HEPATITIS, HIV, AIDS

  • INCLUDE RECHECK FOR RELAPSE


Saying no
SAYING “NO”!

  • SAY IT FIRMLY!

  • BUY YOURSELF TIME

  • GIVE REASONS WHY NOT

  • STATE CONSEQUENCES

  • OPTION ALTERNATE CHOICES

  • WALK AWAY



Stimulants1
STIMULANTS

  • AMPHETAMINES

    • TREAT: ASTHMA, SLEEP DISORDERS, HYPERACTIVITY

    • “SPEED”

  • COCAINE


Depressants2
DEPRESSANTS

  • ROHYPNOL

    • DATE RAPE DRUG

    • SLEEP DISORDERS

  • DXM

    • COUGH SYRUP


Depressants3
DEPRESSANTS

  • ALCOHOL

  • Suppresses

    the CNS


Opiates1
OPIATES

  • NARCOTICS

  • HIGHLY ADDICTIVE

  • MORPHINE

    • USED IN LOW DOSAGES – PAIN RELIEF

  • CODEINE

    • USED IN LOW DOSAGES – COUGH SUPPRESSANT

  • HEROIN

  • COCAINE


Other drugs
OTHER DRUGS

  • MARIJUANA – over 4000 chemicals inhaled

  • INHALANTS-gateway drug

  • CLUB DRUGS – ecstasy

  • STEROIDS-illegal in sports

  • HALLUCINOGENS-alters perceptions


JUST SAY

NO !

DRUGS ARE DUMB


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