2. SunburnHeat Rash Heat CrampsHeat ExhaustionHeat Stroke/Sun StrokeDehydration. 3. Sunburn. Ultraviolet radiation damage to skin cells causing redness, pain, blisters, fever, headaches and/or swelling. Long term effects can include development of wrinkles and skin cancer.. 4. Sunburn Prevent
1. 1 Sun & Heat Related Injuries
2. 2 Sunburn
Heat Stroke/Sun Stroke
3. 3 Sunburn Ultraviolet radiation damage to skin cells causing redness, pain, blisters, fever, headaches and/or swelling. Long term effects can include development of wrinkles and skin cancer.
4. 4 Sunburn Prevention Use sunscreen with SPF of 15 or greater. Reapply after swimming or sweating and every two hours during exposure.
Wear protective clothing including hat & sunglasses with 100% UV protection.
Avoid being in the sun during peak hours.
Avoid sunlamps and tanning beds
5. 5 Sunburn Treatment Cool compresses to affected area; cool bath or shower
Aloe Vera lotion
Increase fluid intake
Get out of the sun!!!
Nonprescription analgesics (e.g. Tylenol, Motrin etc.) for pain relief, fever or chills
Cover blisters with dry sterile dressing
6. 6 Extra Cautions Do NOT use butter or oily substances to treat burns
Do NOT burst blisters
See a doctor for extensive burns or blisters or high fever
7. 7 Heat Rash Heat rash is also known as prickly heat. It is caused by a blockage of the sweat glands. It is a rash of tiny fluid filled blisters surrounded by red bumps or red areas. It can become itchy.
8. 8 Heat Rash Prevention & Treatment Wear cool clothing
Stay in a cool environment
Apply powder to sensitive areas
Keep skin clean & dry
Move to a cooler environment
Apply cool compresses
Loosen or remove clothing
Use over-the-counter ointments
9. 9 Heat Cramps Painful involuntary muscle spasms during heavy exercise in a hot environment. They predominantly affect calves, arms, abdominal and back muscles. Heat cramps are caused by inadequate fluid intake and electrolyte imbalances.
10. 10 Heat Cramp Prevention Eat a well balanced diet
Drink plenty of fluids before, during and after activities
Wear cool clothing
Take regular breaks to cool off
11. 11 Heat Cramp Treatment Drink plenty of fluids (e.g. water or sports drinks)
Rest and cool down
Gently stretch affected muscles
Do range of motion exercises
Gently massage cramped muscles
12. 12 Dehydration Heat Exhaustion Heat Stroke Sun Stroke
13. 13 Dehydration Significant loss of water in the body causing the body to no longer function properly. Can be caused by vomiting & diarrhea, use of certain medications such as diuretics or laxatives, and lots of physical activity in a hot environment. It can also cause an electrolyte imbalance.
14. 14 Symptoms of dehydration Feeling dizzy or lightheaded
Having a dry or sticky mouth
Producing less urine or dark urine
Feeling thirsty – NOT an EARLY warning sign
15. 15 Heat Exhaustion Heat/Sun Stroke Body’s inability to keep itself cool. Heat exhaustion is a precursor to heat or sun stroke.
16. 16 Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion Heavy sweating but skin may be cool (pale or flushed)
Normal to elevated body temperature
Weakness, fainting, exhaustion or dizziness
Nausea & vomiting
Rapid but weak heartbeat
17. 17 Symptoms of Heat Stroke and/or Sun Stroke Extreme heat Exhaustion
Symptoms the same as heat exhaustion only more advanced
Altered levels of consciousness including confusion, fainting & coma
Can lead to death
*Medical emergency get immediate treatment
18. 18 Prevention Wear lightweight, light colored, loose fitting clothes
Wear a hat or use an umbrella
Use sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher and reapply
Be aware of any medications you are taking that may increase sensitivity to heat or sun
Take frequent breaks to cool down even if you feel fine
19. 19 Prevention Drink plenty of fluids before, during and after events (particularly water or sports drinks)
Take in fluids every 15-20 minutes even if you don’t feel thirsty
Schedule outdoor activities in the cooler parts of the day
Hottest times are 10:00 – 16:00
20. 20 Extra Cautions Avoid “Energy” drinks or drinks with Caffeine – cause dehydration
Eat well balanced meals on a daily basis not just on days with high activity or risk
Avoid re-exposing yourself to a heat injury if you have had one in the last week.
21. 21 Treatment Move to a cool location
Loosen or remove clothing
Give ½ glass of cool water, juice or sports drinks every 15 minutes unless nauseated
Apply cool wet compresses
Seek medical attention for vomiting, fainting, seizures, or high fever.
22. 22 Other An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.