Sun  Heat Related Injuries

Sun Heat Related Injuries PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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2. SunburnHeat Rash Heat CrampsHeat ExhaustionHeat Stroke/Sun StrokeDehydration. 3. Sunburn. Ultraviolet radiation damage to skin cells causing redness, pain, blisters, fever, headaches and/or swelling. Long term effects can include development of wrinkles and skin cancer.. 4. Sunburn Prevent

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Sun Heat Related Injuries

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1. 1 Sun & Heat Related Injuries

2. 2 Sunburn Heat Rash Heat Cramps Heat Exhaustion Heat Stroke/Sun Stroke Dehydration

3. 3 Sunburn Ultraviolet radiation damage to skin cells causing redness, pain, blisters, fever, headaches and/or swelling. Long term effects can include development of wrinkles and skin cancer.

4. 4 Sunburn Prevention Use sunscreen with SPF of 15 or greater. Reapply after swimming or sweating and every two hours during exposure. Wear protective clothing including hat & sunglasses with 100% UV protection. Avoid being in the sun during peak hours. Avoid sunlamps and tanning beds

5. 5 Sunburn Treatment Cool compresses to affected area; cool bath or shower Aloe Vera lotion Increase fluid intake Get out of the sun!!! Nonprescription analgesics (e.g. Tylenol, Motrin etc.) for pain relief, fever or chills Cover blisters with dry sterile dressing

6. 6 Extra Cautions Do NOT use butter or oily substances to treat burns Do NOT burst blisters See a doctor for extensive burns or blisters or high fever

7. 7 Heat Rash Heat rash is also known as prickly heat. It is caused by a blockage of the sweat glands. It is a rash of tiny fluid filled blisters surrounded by red bumps or red areas. It can become itchy.

8. 8 Heat Rash Prevention & Treatment Wear cool clothing Stay in a cool environment Apply powder to sensitive areas Keep skin clean & dry Move to a cooler environment Apply cool compresses Loosen or remove clothing Use over-the-counter ointments

9. 9 Heat Cramps Painful involuntary muscle spasms during heavy exercise in a hot environment. They predominantly affect calves, arms, abdominal and back muscles. Heat cramps are caused by inadequate fluid intake and electrolyte imbalances.

10. 10 Heat Cramp Prevention Eat a well balanced diet Drink plenty of fluids before, during and after activities Wear cool clothing Take regular breaks to cool off

11. 11 Heat Cramp Treatment Drink plenty of fluids (e.g. water or sports drinks) Rest and cool down Gently stretch affected muscles Do range of motion exercises Gently massage cramped muscles

12. 12 Dehydration Heat Exhaustion Heat Stroke Sun Stroke

13. 13 Dehydration Significant loss of water in the body causing the body to no longer function properly. Can be caused by vomiting & diarrhea, use of certain medications such as diuretics or laxatives, and lots of physical activity in a hot environment. It can also cause an electrolyte imbalance.

14. 14 Symptoms of dehydration Feeling dizzy or lightheaded Having a dry or sticky mouth Producing less urine or dark urine Feeling thirsty – NOT an EARLY warning sign

15. 15 Heat Exhaustion Heat/Sun Stroke Body’s inability to keep itself cool. Heat exhaustion is a precursor to heat or sun stroke.

16. 16 Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion Heavy sweating but skin may be cool (pale or flushed) Normal to elevated body temperature Weakness, fainting, exhaustion or dizziness Nausea & vomiting Rapid but weak heartbeat Heat cramps Headache Fatigue Dark urine

17. 17 Symptoms of Heat Stroke and/or Sun Stroke Extreme heat Exhaustion Symptoms the same as heat exhaustion only more advanced Altered levels of consciousness including confusion, fainting & coma Seizures High Fever Can lead to death *Medical emergency get immediate treatment

18. 18 Prevention Wear lightweight, light colored, loose fitting clothes Wear a hat or use an umbrella Use sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher and reapply Be aware of any medications you are taking that may increase sensitivity to heat or sun Take frequent breaks to cool down even if you feel fine

19. 19 Prevention Drink plenty of fluids before, during and after events (particularly water or sports drinks) Take in fluids every 15-20 minutes even if you don’t feel thirsty Schedule outdoor activities in the cooler parts of the day Hottest times are 10:00 – 16:00

20. 20 Extra Cautions Avoid “Energy” drinks or drinks with Caffeine – cause dehydration Eat well balanced meals on a daily basis not just on days with high activity or risk Avoid re-exposing yourself to a heat injury if you have had one in the last week.

21. 21 Treatment Move to a cool location Loosen or remove clothing Give ½ glass of cool water, juice or sports drinks every 15 minutes unless nauseated Apply cool wet compresses Seek medical attention for vomiting, fainting, seizures, or high fever.

22. 22 Other An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.

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