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Islamic Architecture Note Cards. Nick leshinski. Dome of the Rock 2 s 149. Oldest standing Monument

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Islamic Architecture Note Cards

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Islamic Architecture Note Cards

Nick leshinski


Dome of the Rock 2s 149

  • Oldest standing Monument

  • Said to be the place Muhammad ascended to heavan

  • Lower story is octagonal

  • Dome is supported by four pillars and 12 columns

  • The dome has 16 windows


Dome of the Rock 2Q 149

  • “the earliest existing monument of Moslem architecture stands on the site from which Mohammed is said to have made his night journey to heavan”


Mosque 2s 149

  • Great mosques in Iraq had “archlesscolandes”

  • Pillars were taken from buildings made before

  • Hellenistic temples turned into mosques

  • Had tall towers called minarets and walls that enclose the mosque

  • Mosques were the focal point of the islamic brother hood

  • Some mosques were not roofed

  • There was elaborate architecture in the entrances

  • Mirab shows direction of Mecca

  • Minbar – raised desks that holds koran(stairs lead up to it)


Mschata 2P 150

  • A zigzaging line with rosettes placed symmetrically . There are also intricate floral scrolls in the background


Mschata 2S 151

  • Square walls enclosed palace

  • Towers in all corners

  • 5 semi circular towers on each wall


IbnTulun Mosque 2S 152

  • Had nomadic influence

  • Made of brick

  • Inside walls was a well

  • Minaret used as a landmark for travelers

  • Fortifications were decorative and not functional

  • Arches were geometrical and sophisticated


Alhambra 2S 158

  • Had running water and court yards with shade

  • Used stabctite, a method for ceilings that used multiple successive layers of brick used

  • Used same method for dome and carved patterns in brick

  • Lion fountain in courtyard with running water


Bagdad 2S 151

  • Had most influential architecture in Islamic world

  • City made out of 3 round walls

  • In center was palace and mosque

  • Palace had tunnel vaulted walls and green dome


Qairawan Tower 2S 150

  • Huge minaret tower on center of wall

  • Land mark indicated shelter for travalers


Alhambra 4S 1

  • Built by emirs in Spain

  • Had some Byzantine influence

  • Columns in some chambers

  • Calligraphy featured throughout palace

  • Christians altered it with renaissance style architecture

  • The French destroyed some towers

  • Had stalactite ceilings

  • Had many fountains, streams, and gardens


Moorish Architecture 5S 1

  • Great mosque at Cordoba has striking architecture

  • Alhambra built in this style

  • This style has many Arabic inscriptions and arabesque design work

  • Has roots in in Umayyad architecture


Ottoman Architecture 5S 1

  • Inspired by Hagia Sofia in Constantinople

  • Most mosques in turkey built in this style

  • Used Byzantinian, Persian, and Syrian design

  • Mastered making large interior spaces by making large domes

  • Used vaults, domes, semi domes, and columns

  • Mosques in this style were bigger than any before


Indo- Islamic Architecture 5S 1

  • Famous example: TajMahal

  • TajMahal used inlaid precious stones

  • Buildings were completly symmetrical

  • Shah Jahan’s Sarcophagus in room below main floor

  • Red fort and Agra fort are huge and castle like


Fatamid Architecture 5S 1

  • Used Tulunid techniques and materials

  • Decoration of building was large part of ceremonies

  • Made elaborate funerary monuments


Azerbaijani Architecture 5S 1

  • Had Nakchivan and Shirvan- Absheron schools of architecture

  • Shirvan- Absheron school used stone in construction

  • Nakchivan school used bricks

  • Shirvan- Absheron used asymmetric paterns carved in stone


Elements of Islamic Style 5S 1

  • Minarets-tall towers for prayer

  • Domes

  • Geometric patterns

  • Islamic Calligraphy

  • Central fountains

  • Bright colors


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