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PATHWAYS TO STRENGTHENING AND SUPPORTING FAMILIES IN ILLINOIS. Module 1B – Historical Perspective of DR. Differential Response. WALL OF CHILD WELFARE 1850 1964 2010 Child Welfare League of America. Differential Response. WALL OF CHILD WELFARE (Cont’d)

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PATHWAYS TO STRENGTHENING AND SUPPORTING FAMILIES IN ILLINOIS

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Pathways to strengthening and supporting families in illinois l.jpg

PATHWAYS TO STRENGTHENING

AND SUPPORTING FAMILIES IN ILLINOIS

Module 1B – Historical Perspective of DR


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Differential Response

WALL OF CHILD WELFARE

18501964 2010

Child Welfare League of America


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Differential Response

WALL OF CHILD WELFARE (Cont’d)

1909 1964 2010

Child Welfare League of America


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Child Welfare in Illinois – The Early Years

  • Public Policy regarding Child Welfare Services in Illinois results from the historical foundation laid from the 1800’s, starting with Orphan Trains and embodied by Jane Addams founding of Hull House.

  • It is a policy that recognizes the need to strengthen and preserve the family, while protecting the safety, and providing for the well-being and permanency of children, who otherwise cannot protect and provide for themselves.


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History of Child Welfare in Illinois - POC

  • Settlement Houses responses to People of Color

    • Provided services

    • Developed separate, segregated services

    • Refused to serve People of Color equitably

  • Charity Organizations responses to People of Color

    • Conducted investigations of acts of discrimination against People of Color

    • Trained African American “friendly visitors”

    • Paternalist and patronizing views of families of color


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Mutual Aid

  • Collective responsibility

  • Self-development

  • External community involvement

  • Interracial cooperation


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Summary: How did we get to where we are today?

  • Private agency services

  • Juvenile Court Act 1899

  • ANCRA

  • Procedures 300

  • County Welfare Dept.

  • IL Dept. Public Welfare

  • DCFS / Private Agency-Public Partnership


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Differential Response


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Disproportionality

“Disproportionate representation (also referred to as disproportionality) refers to a situation in which a particular racial/ethnic group of children are represented in foster care at a higher or lower percentage than their representation in the general population”

- Casey Family Programs


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Disparate Treatment

“Disparate treatment refers to the unequal treatment or services provided to minority children as compared to those provided to similarly situated white children”

- Robert B. Hill


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Racial Disproportionality in Substantiations

More likely indicated if:

  • Professional made the report

  • Prior reports exist

  • Physical abuse rather than neglect

  • African American or Latino

April 5, 2010

12


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Children in Care By Placement Statewide (FY 2004)


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What are you willing to do to help end the dissolution of families?


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Six Stages of Cultural Competency

Can someone provide an example of cultural:

Destructiveness?

Incapacity?

Blindness?

Pre-competence?

Competence?

Proficiency?

Trail of Tears

April 5, 2010

15


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Cultural Anxieties

What are some of the issues you anticipate in working with families of a different culture than your own?

April 5, 2010

16


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Working with Families Whose Primary Language is not English

Burgos Consent Decree (See Proc. 300, Appendix E)

Services & documents in Spanish

Bilingual workers

Spanish speaking foster homes

April 5, 2010

17


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Disproportionate Representation of Children of Color in CWAgree or Disagree

Disproportionality is Appropriate – POC have more poverty, single parents, joblessness, etc


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Disproportionate Representation of Children of Color in CWAgree or Disagree (Cont’d)

Disproportionality is a Problem –

POC don’t maltreat more than Caucasians


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Things You Can Do to Learn About Other Cultures

NASW Code of Ethics (1.05) Cultural Competence and Social Diversity

Recognize strengths

Provide culturally sensitive services

Learn about social diversity & oppression

April 5, 2010

20


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Preparation

Recognize that everyone has behaviors, habits, customs and beliefs that are culturally based.

Conduct a self-evaluation.

Develop a working knowledge of the client’s culture.

Get in touch with your own biases.

April 5, 2010

21


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Developing a Safe Environment

Keep an open mind.

In the first session, address the different racial or cultural differences directly.

April 5, 2010

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Developing a Safe Environment (Continued)

Ask your client the meaning, significance, and importance his or her cultural heritage plays in his or her life.

Allow your client to be the expert storyteller of his or her life.

April 5, 2010

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Developing a Safe Environment (Continued)

Help create for your client a natural pathway for change.

April 5, 2010

24


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Why DR is needed?

  • Fewer substantiated investigations result in service provision

  • Recurrence of maltreatment

  • Strength-based approach to helping families heal

  • Family-centered (mutual aid) approach to improving outcomes for children and families

  • Promotes community well-being

  • Addresses disproportionality


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Differential Response


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Summary

  • Majority of reports to the hotline are “unfounded”

  • Low to moderate risk families better served using strength-based, family-centered assessment

  • Illinois enacted the “Differential Response Program Act” (Public Act 096-0760) into law on August 25, 2009


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