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Welcome and Introduction Benjamin Linkow October 2011. What is Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR)?. LTPR is the institutional (political, economic, social, and legal) structure that determines how people relate to land LTPR is a set of rules invented by societies to regulate behavior

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Welcome and Introduction Benjamin Linkow October 2011

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Welcome and introduction benjamin linkow october 2011

  • Welcome and Introduction

  • Benjamin Linkow

  • October 2011


Welcome and introduction benjamin linkow october 2011

What is Land Tenure and Property Rights (LTPR)?

  • LTPR is the institutional (political, economic, social, and legal) structure that determines how people relate to land

  • LTPR is a set of rules invented by societies to regulate behavior

    • Customary/informal vs. legal/formal

  • LTPR systems determine who can use what resources for how long, and under what conditions

  • Includes not only land but other resources (trees, minerals, water resources)


Welcome and introduction benjamin linkow october 2011

Why is LTPR important?

  • LTPR issues can be either a constraint or an opportunity

  • Constraint:

    • Problems with LTPR systems interfere with other development objectives

  • Opportunity:

    • Secure property rights are fundamental to economic development

    • Securing property rights can have significant economic and social impacts


Welcome and introduction benjamin linkow october 2011

Why are LTPR issues difficult?

  • In areas of the world where poverty is concentrated, land is the single most important productive asset

  • But land is also central to cultural identity

  • Weak governments + customary systems/other sources of claims + competing interests


Welcome and introduction benjamin linkow october 2011

The LTPR Unit at USAID

  • Staff has increased from 1 to 2 (2009) to 4-5 (2011)

    • Gregory Myers: LTPR unit lead

    • Timothy Fella: Land Tenure and Conflict Specialist

    • Karol Boudreaux: Africa Land Tenure Specialist

    • Ben Linkow: Land Tenure Economist

    • Land Tenure and Climate Change Specialist late ‘11


Welcome and introduction benjamin linkow october 2011

What does the land tenure unit do?

  • Programming:

    • 30 programs in 20 countries with a cumulative budget of $200 million over past 3 years

  • Technical assistance to missions and operating units:

    • Supporting 20 missions

    • 117 TDY days/staff member

  • Supporting research:

    • Increased emphasis on project impact evaluations/ LERN award

    • GCC: Carbon rights and benefit sharing

  • Knowledge Management:

    • 62 country profiles, 13 issue briefs, 4 annual trainings

    • Land tenure and property rights web portal


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