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Urgent Grace: Understanding The Gospel Of Mark. Session 5: The Passion Of Christ. The Last Week: Chronology. Sunday – Jesus enters Jerusalem (11:1-11) Monday – Jesus curses the fig tree, cleanses temple (11:12-19) Tuesday – Jesus teaches in Jerusalem (11:20-13:37)

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Urgent grace understanding the gospel of mark

Urgent Grace: Understanding The Gospel Of Mark

Session 5: The Passion Of Christ


The last week chronology
The Last Week: Chronology

  • Sunday – Jesus enters Jerusalem (11:1-11)

  • Monday – Jesus curses the fig tree, cleanses temple (11:12-19)

  • Tuesday – Jesus teaches in Jerusalem (11:20-13:37)

  • Wednesday – Religious leaders plot against Jesus; Jesus anointed in preparation for burial (14:1-11)

  • Thursday – Last Supper and arrest (14:12-72)

  • Friday – Crucifixion, death and burial (15:1-47)

  • Saturday – The Jewish Sabbath (16:1)

  • Sunday – The women find the tomb empty (16:2-8)


Jesus royal sonship
Jesus’ Royal Sonship

  • Several passages identify Jesus as Son of God(1:1, 1:11, 3:11, 5:7, 9:7, 12:1-9, 14:61-62)

  • In Chapter 15 there is a shift

    • The title “King” dominates the chapter

  • At the end, the title “Son of God” is used again (15:39)


Two important questions
Two Important Questions

  • How are the titles “King” and “Son of God” related?

  • How does the centurion confess what no one else seems to see?


The baptism 1 9 11
The Baptism: 1:9-11

  • Compare Isaiah 42:1, Genesis 22:2, Psalm 2

  • All are alluded to in the divine declaration

    • Isaiah: the humble chosen servant

    • Genesis: sacrifice of the beloved only son

    • Psalms: the coronation psalm

  • Jesus is the royal Messiah-King of the Davidic line; this will be demonstrated in Spirit-driven service


The galilean ministry 1 14 8 26
The Galilean Ministry: 1:14-8:26

  • Jesus preaches, teaches, heals, calms storms and casts out demons

  • The reader knows that he does these things as the royal Son of God

  • Others in the narrative, however, do not


Point counterpoint

Demonic Cry (1:24)  Question (1:27)

Demonic Cries (1:34)  Question (2:7)

Demonic Cries (3:11)  Question (4:41)

Demonic Cry (5:7)  Question (6:3)

Point/Counterpoint


Point counterpoint1
Point/Counterpoint

Throughout the Galilean ministry, the reader is continually reminded of Jesus’ identity

and

of the fact that it is not known to others.


The turning point confession theophany
The Turning Point:Confession & Theophany

  • Jesus is confessed as Messiah in 8:29

  • Passion prediction and conflict with Peter follow in 8:31-9:1

  • Theophany at the Transfiguration (9:7) affirms Peter’s confession and Jesus’ prediction


The triumphal entry
The Triumphal Entry

  • Jesus enters Jerusalem as the Messianic king (11:1-11)

  • Compare with Zechariah 9:9, 2 Kings 9:13

  • The Triumphal Entry, in conjunction with Jesus’ teaching in Mark 12:1-11, serves to cement the connection between

    • Son of God

    • Messiah

    • King


The crucified king
The Crucified King

  • “King” appears six times in Chapter 15

    • (vv. 2, 9, 12, 18, 26, 32)

  • Title is used as a mockery

  • Jesus has none of the qualifications

    • No power

    • No authority

    • Neither a political nor a national figure

    • Life is in the hands of foreigners


The crucified king1
The Crucified King

  • The Irony: Jesus has all true qualifications

    • God’s designation and approval

    • Willingness to suffer for the people

    • Willingness to give himself

    • Willingness to trust the Father’s will for a suffering and crucified Messiah

  • The centurion is the first to see this because he is the first to see from the other side of the cross


Jesus and the temple
Jesus And The Temple

  • The temple, not just the city, is Jesus’ destination (11:11)

  • Jesus looks around, departs, and returns the next day to rectify the problem (cf. Isaiah 56:7, Jeremiah 7:11)

  • Cleansing of Court of Gentiles restores the place of worship for the Gentiles (at least temporarily)

  • Allusion to Jeremiah, cursing of fig tree indicate the fate of the temple is sealed


Controversy in the temple
Controversy In The Temple

  • Refusal to tell by what authority (11:28 ff.)

  • Parable of the vineyard (12:1-11)

  • Question about taxes (12:13-17)

  • Scribe’s question (12:28-34) is another challenge to temple


Before the council
Before The Council

  • Jesus is accused of plotting destruction of temple (14:58)

  • The charge is false (cf. 13:2-37)

  • Jesus merely announces the destruction that is coming


Curtains crosses confessions
Curtains, Crosses, Confessions

1:9In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. 11And a voice came from heaven, ‘You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.’

15:37Then Jesus gave a loud cry and breathed his last. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39Now when the centurion who stood facing him saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was God’s Son!’


Curtains crosses confessions1
Curtains, Crosses, Confessions

1:9In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. 11And a voice came from heaven, ‘You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.’

15:37Then Jesus gave a loud cry and breathed his last. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39Now when the centurion who stood facing him saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was God’s Son!’


Curtains crosses confessions2
Curtains, Crosses, Confessions

1:9In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. 11And a voice came from heaven, ‘You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.’

15:37Then Jesus gave a loud cry and breathed his last. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39Now when the centurion who stood facing him saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was God’s Son!’


Curtains crosses confessions3
Curtains, Crosses, Confessions

1:9In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. 11And a voice came from heaven, ‘You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.’

15:37Then Jesus gave a loud cry and breathed his last. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39Now when the centurion who stood facing him saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was God’s Son!’


Curtains crosses confessions4
Curtains, Crosses, Confessions

1:9In those days Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And just as he was coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens torn apart and the Spirit descending like a dove on him. 11And a voice came from heaven, ‘You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.’

15:37Then Jesus gave a loud cry and breathed his last. 38And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39Now when the centurion who stood facing him saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was God’s Son!’


Conclusions
Conclusions

  • The themes of Mark’s Gospel come to their fullest expression in the Passion

    • Messianic secret is revealed by centurion

    • God’s reign personified in Jesus’ obedience

    • The cross replaces the temple as the nexus of the relationship between God and humanity


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