Cold war the east
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Cold War: The East. Stalin. WW II devastated the Soviet Union 7.5 Million Russian’s died in battle deaths alone To build a new industrial base, Stalin returned to methods used in the 1930’s. Economic Recovery. By 1950, industrial production had surpassed pre-war production by 40%

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Cold War: The East

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Cold war the east

Cold War: The East


Stalin

Stalin

  • WW II devastated the Soviet Union

    • 7.5 Million Russian’s died in battle deaths alone

  • To build a new industrial base, Stalin returned to methods used in the 1930’s


Economic recovery

Economic Recovery

  • By 1950, industrial production had surpassed pre-war production by 40%

  • Heavy Industry, particularly military industry, increased dramatically

  • Russia tested their first Hydrogen bombs in 1953

  • Launched Sputnik in 1957


Social costs

Social Costs

  • The growth rate for heavy industry was three times that for consumer goods

  • Shortage of housing caused many Russian families to live a one-room apartment


End of stalin

End of Stalin

  • Stalin became ever more paranoid as he consolidated his power post WW II

  • Showed little respect for other communist leaders in his later years

  • More purges were immanate, however Stalin dies March 5, 1953 before those could take place


Nikita khrushchev

Nikita Khrushchev

  • A group of leaders succeeded Stalin, but Khrushchev emerged as the new de-facto leader

  • Condemned Stalin for his administrative violence, mass repression and terror

  • Established policies of de-stalinization, to eliminate the more ruthless of Stalin’s policies


Khrushchev

Khrushchev

  • Khrushchev loosened government controls on literary works

  • Allowed the printing of A Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn

  • Portrayed life in a Siberian forced labor camp

  • Many Russians identified with Ivan as symbol of their suffering during Stalin’s regime


Khrushchev1

Khrushchev

  • Placed more emphasis on agricultural and consumer goods

  • These proved to be unsuccessful

  • Military spending was still too much

  • Cuban Missile crisis

  • Resulted in Khrushchev being forced into retirement


Behind the iron curtain

Behind the Iron Curtain

  • Between 1945 and 1947 the soviets consolidated there control over the Eastern Bloc

  • Exceptions: Yugoslavia and Albania, set up their own Stalin-esc dictatorships.

  • Set up their own 5 Year plans that focused on heavy industry and less on consumer goods


Behind the iron curtain1

Behind the Iron Curtain

  • After Stalin’s death in 1953 some eastern bloc nations tried to break free of Soviet control

  • The soviets came down especially hard on Poland, Czechoslovakia and Hungary

  • The Soviets would not allow the satellite nations to become independent


Poland

Poland

  • 1956: protests erupt all over Poland

  • Polish Communist Party adopted a series of reforms to break free of Soviet control

  • Poland choose to compromise and stay loyal to the Warsaw Pact to avoid armed conflict with Russia

Try it bro!

Better!


Hungary

Hungary

  • Developments in Poland led to revolts in Hungary in 1956 as well

  • Freedom!

You wanna run that by me again?


Hungary1

Hungary

  • Russia attacked Budapest, seized their rebellious leader and eventually killed him.

  • Russia reestablished it’s control soon after


Czechoslovakia

Czechoslovakia

NOPE!

  • When Stalin’s hand picked leader was forced to resign a new, more liberal, leader was elected to power.

  • Tried to create “socialism with a face”

  • Russia invades Czechoslovakia to prevent this idea from spreading


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