Engi 1313 mechanics i
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ENGI 1313 Mechanics I. Lecture 25:Equilibrium of a Rigid Body. Lecture Objective. to illustrate application of 2D equations of equilibrium for a rigid body to examine concepts for analyzing equilibrium of a rigid body in 3D. Example 25-01.

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ENGI 1313 Mechanics I

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Engi 1313 mechanics i

ENGI 1313 Mechanics I

Lecture 25:Equilibrium of a Rigid Body


Lecture objective

Lecture Objective

  • to illustrate application of 2D equations of equilibrium for a rigid body

  • to examine concepts for analyzing equilibrium of a rigid body in 3D


Example 25 01

Example 25-01

  • Determine the force P needed to pull the 50-kg roller over the smooth step. Take θ = 60°.

 =


Example 25 01 cont

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • What XY-coordinate System be Established?

y

x

 =


Example 25 01 cont1

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • Establish FBD

y

x

NB

 =

NA

w = mg = (50 kg)(9.807 m/s2) = 490 N


Example 25 01 cont2

y

x

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • Determine Force Angles

    • Roller self-weight

y

x

70

 = 20

NB

 =

 = 20

NA

w = 490 N


Example 25 01 cont3

y

x

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • Determine Force Angles

    • Normal reaction force at A

y

x

90

NB

 =

NA

w = 490 N

NA


Example 25 01 cont4

y

x

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • Determine Force Angles

    • Normal reaction force at B

y

x

r = 0.6 m

yB = (0.6 m – 0.1 m) = 0.5 m

NB

NB

 =

NA

w = 490 N


Example 25 01 cont5

y

x

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • Draw FBD

w = 490 N

P

 = 20

y

 = 60

x

NB

NB

 =

NA

w = 490 N

NA= 0 N


Example 25 01 cont6

y

x

Example 25-01 (cont.)

  • What Equilibrium Equation should be Used to Find P?

    • MB = 0

w = 490 N

P

 = 20

 = 60

xB = 0.3317 m

yB = 0.5 m

NB

NA


Comprehension quiz 25 01

Comprehension Quiz 25-01

  • If a support prevents rotation of a body about an axis, then the support exerts a ________ on the body about that axis.

    • A) Couple moment

    • B) Force

    • C) Both A and B

    • D) None of the above.

  • Answer: A


3 d equilibrium

3-D Equilibrium

  • Basic Equations

Moment equations can also be determined about any point on the rigid body. Typically the point selected is where the most unknown forces are applied. This procedure helps to simplify the solution.


Application to 3d structures cont

Application to 3D Structures (cont.)

  • Engineering Design

    • Basic analysis

    • Check more rigorous methods


Application to 3d structures cont1

Application to 3D Structures (cont.)

Axial Forces

  • Design of Experimental Test Frame

Lateral Loads

Couple Forces

For Bending


3 d structural connections

3-D Structural Connections

  • Ball and Socket

    • Three orthogonal forces


3 d structural connections cont

3-D Structural Connections (cont.)

  • Single Journal Bearing

    • Two forces and two couple moments

      • Frictionless

      • Circular shaft

    • Orthogonal to longitudinal bearing axis


3 d structural connections cont1

3-D Structural Connections (cont.)

  • Journal Bearing (cont.)

    • Two or more (properly aligned) journal bearings will generate only support reaction forces


3 d structural connections cont2

3-D Structural Connections (cont.)

  • Single Hinge

    • Three orthogonal forces

    • Two couple moments orthogonal to hinge axis


3 d structural connections cont3

3-D Structural Connections (cont.)

  • Hinge Design

    • Two or more (properly aligned) hinges will generate only support reaction forces


Rigid body constraints

Rigid Body Constraints

  • What is the Common Characteristic?

    • Statically determinate system


Redundant constraints

Redundant Constraints

  • Statically Indeterminate System

    • Support reactions > equilibrium equations


Improper constraints

Improper Constraints

  • Rigid Body Instability

    • 2-D problem

      • Concurrent reaction forces

        • Intersects an out-of-plane axis


Improper constraints cont

Improper Constraints (cont.)

  • Rigid Body Instability

    • 3-D problem

      • Support reactions intersect a common axis


Improper constraints cont1

Improper Constraints (cont.)

  • Rigid Body Instability

    • Parallel reaction forces


References

References

  • Hibbeler (2007)

  • http://wps.prenhall.com/esm_hibbeler_engmech_1


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