Separating regional and local magnetic signals
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Separating regional and local magnetic signals. What can you tell me about this magnetic map? Where is it? What kind of sources? Is there a range of depths?. What do you see on the contours that you missed on the image map?. Anything new on the surface map?.

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Separating regional and local magnetic signals

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Separating regional and local magnetic signals

Separating regional and local magnetic signals

  • What can you tell me about this magnetic map?

  • Where is it?

  • What kind of sources?

  • Is there a range of depths?


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

What do you see on the contours that you missed on the image map?


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

Anything new on the surface map?


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

Upward Continuation Provides Separation & Qualitative Depth Estimation

The rules of thumb from Jacobsen (1987):

To extract (isolate) a regional field at a depth of z0, upward continue the observed field to 2*z0. In the wavenumber domain, the optimal filter for that extraction is:

Breg(k) = exp(-2 k z0)

You can then subtract this regional field from the total field to isolate the residual field.

To find the magnetization from an equivalent source between depths z1 and z2, subtract the upward continuation to 2*z2 from that of 2*z1. That is, simply find the difference between the upward continuations to twice the values of the respective depths. In the wavenumber domain, the optimal filter for that extraction is:

Bslab(k) = exp(-2 k z1) – exp(-2 k z2)

Anomalies originating inside the equivalent source layer typically stand out much more prominently after the filtering.

Jacobsen, 1987, A case for upward continuation as a standard separation filter for potential- field maps, Geophysics, v. 52. #8, p. 1138 – 1148.


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

Total Magnetic Intensity

TMI upward continued 1,000 metersnote the range of the upward continued field (23,980 – 23640 = 340 nt). Most sources appear to be ‘shallow’.


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

TMI – Up_1000 meters

TMI


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

TMI

TMI upward continued 250 meters


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

TMITMI - upward continued 250 meters


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

TMITMI upward continued 50 meters


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

TMI TMI – upward continued 50 meters


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

TMI upward continued 50 metersupward continued 250 metersDifferencing these two yields the magnetization from an equivalent source at depths between 25 and 125 meters.


Separating regional and local magnetic signals

The magnetization from an equivalent source at depths between 25 and 125 meters determined by subtracting the upward continuation to 50 meters from the upward continuation to 250 meters.


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