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Opening Agenda. Things to Get: Notebook paper for notes and opener 3 handouts from the front of the room. Things to Do: Opener: Review Baroque Art Class work: Baroque Music Exit Slip: Practice Listening Quiz. Opening Agenda. Things to Get: Notebook paper for notes and opener

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opening agenda
Opening Agenda
  • Things to Get:
    • Notebook paper for notes and opener
    • 3 handouts from the front of the room.
    • Things to Do:
    • Opener: Review Baroque Art
    • Class work: Baroque Music
    • Exit Slip: Practice Listening Quiz
opening agenda1
Opening Agenda
  • Things to Get:
    • Notebook paper for notes and opener
    • Handout from the front of the room.
    • Things to Do:
    • Opener: Review Baroque Art
    • Class work: Baroque Music
    • Exit Slip: Practice Listening Quiz
opener
Opener

Complete the following chart and questions on your paper:

  • 1)
  • 2) How did Renaissance architecture differ from Baroque architecture? (This is in your architecture notes)
  • 3) What are the architectural styles found in

St. Paul’s Cathedral? (This was on your work from the book)

  • 4) Why is the Hall of Mirrors Baroque?
    • (This was in our power point from last class)
  • 5) Name the building pictured here:
    • (Remember….St. Lawrence was roasted….)
vocabulary
Counterpoint: Type of compositional technique in which two melodies combine to create the harmony, instead of one harmony and chords to accompany it.VOCABULARY

Short example of "Third Species" counterpoint ( play MIDI (help·info))

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Species4.png

vocabulary1
VOCABULARY
  • Improvisation:
    • Term referring to the spontaneous performance of music without previous preparation or any written notes.
    • Improvisation can be seen in music of the Baroque era, where ornamentation and realization of figured bass was common.
vocabulary2
VOCABULARY
  • Fugue:
  • A form of composition in which a theme or subject is introduced by one voice, and is imitated by other voices in succession.
    • Usually only the first few notes of the subject are imitated exactly, then each voice deviates slightly until the next time it enters again with the subject.
    • Generally the voices overlap and weave in and out of each other forming a continuous, tapestry-like texture.

Example of a tonal answer in J.S. Bach\'s Fugue No. 16 in G Minor, BWV 861, from the Well-Tempered Clavier, Book 1. ( Listen )

The first note of the subject, D (in red), is a prominent dominant note, demanding that the first note of the answer (in blue) sounds as the tonic, G.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fugue

vocabulary3
VOCABULARY
  • Figured bass:The bass part -generally of a Baroque composition- that is marked so as to indicate the harmonies that should go with each note.

The bottom staff shows the figured bass, the Grand Staff above shows what the musician could play!

vocabulary4
VOCABULARY
  • Ornamentation:Decorative notes of short duration added to compositions to emphasize certain notes and to add flavor to the composition.
    • Ornamentation is particularly prominent in the music of the Baroque era and is not limited to specific instruments, but may be performed on almost any instrument, including the voice.

An extreme example of ornamentation as a fioritura from Chopin\'sNocturne in D flat major.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ornament_(music)

vocabulary5
VOCABULARY
  • Genre: Style, manner
    • The genre originated in the 16th century (Renaissance period) and developed to its peak during the Baroque period.
    • Renaissance genres? Motet, Madrigal, Mass
    • Baroque? Sonata
vocabulary6
VOCABULARY
  • Oratorio:Large scale dramatic composition with text usually based on religious subjects.
    • Oratorios are performed by choruses and solo voices with an instrumental accompaniment, and are similar to operas but without costumes, scenery and actions.

Joseph Haydn, The Creation (1798)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-Jkktpp9QI

vocabulary7
VOCABULARY
  • Opera: A drama set to music, usually sung throughout, originating in 17th century Italy. Opera is a combination of music, drama, scenery, costumes, dance, etc., to create a complete art form.
    • Opera became a very important vehicle for composers during the Baroque period.http://www.music.vt.edu/musicdictionary/

Bizet’s Carmen by the Royal Opera Company

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gd0FNpiBDyA

vocabulary8
Vocabulary
  • Concerto: a composition for one or more principle instruments, with orchestral accompaniment, now usually in symphonic form.

Schoenberg’s Piano Concerto

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rZlB2tRyvQw

vocabulary9
Vocabulary
  • Aria: a song meant for a soloist and an orchestra

Think of Me- Phantom of the Opera

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XfTgCPUJwRk

vocabulary10
Vocabulary
  • Recitative: sung conversation between characters to advance the storyline

You’re the One that I Want: Grease

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PKX9J2ENXTs

baroque composers
Baroque Composers
  • Definition of Baroque(adj.):
    • When you are out of Monet.
character collages
Character Collages
  • Objective:
    • To understand the life and distinctive qualities of the major Baroque Composers
  • Assignment:
    • In groups of three, create three character collages over the three major Baroque composers:
      • Vivaldi Bach Handel
  • Requirements
    • In your character sketch, you must include the following information about your composer:
      • Personal Life
      • Musical Background
      • Instrument of Specialty
      • Influences
      • What makes this individual different or unique?
    • This information must be included in all character collages
  • Time allotted: 20 minutes
  • Notes: Use the article provided
character collages1
Character Collages
  • Composers:

Vivaldi Bach Handel

  • Requirements (for each composer)
      • Personal Life
      • Musical Background
      • Instrument of Specialty
      • Influences
      • What makes this individual different or unique?
  • Time allotted: 20 minutes
  • Rubric: See image on the right
character collages carousel
Character Collages Carousel
  • Objective:
    • To gain a greater understanding of Baroque composers
    • To evaluate your work and the work of your peers
  • Assignment:
    • Complete your guided notes in groups of three using the posters created by your peers
    • You are responsible for the information on the Baroque Composers Sheet!
  • Time Allotted: 10 minutes
  • Additional Directions:
    • Go to your seat when you have your notes completed
baroque composers and their musical legacy
Baroque ComposersAnd their musical legacy…
  • “A guitarist was so Baroque, he robbed a music store and ran off with the lute. His percussionist friend took a drum and beat it.”
bach s toccata and fugue in d minor
Bach’s Toccata and Fugue in D minor
  • is a piece of organ music
  • composed sometime between 1703 and 1707.
  • It is one of the most famous works in the organ repertoire, and has been used in a variety of popular media ranging from film, to video games, to rock music, and ringtones.
  • In your notes!
  • Write ONE phrase that will help you remember this song.
overview messiah
Overview: Messiah
  • Listening Example: Hallelujah Chorus, from Messiah by Handel
  • Messiah contains pieces for the orchestra alone (e.g. overture),
  • for soloists -Soprano, Contralto, Tenor, Bass (arias, duets),
  • for choir (e.g. Hallelujah Chorus), and for combinations of the three.
  • It is tradition that whenever the Hallelujah Chorus is sung the audience stands.
  • In your notes!
  • Write ONE phrase that will help you remember this song.
antonio vivaldi 1678 1741
Antonio Vivaldi 1678-1741
  • The Four Seasons is a set of four short violin concertos written around 1720.
    • Spring, Autumn, Winter, Summer
  • Each “season” is a three-movement work lasting about ten minutes.
  • This music ranks among the most popular ever written.

In your notes!

Write ONE phrase that will help you remember each piece.

exit slip

EXIT SLIP

Can you match the composer to the work?

Song One: Title, Composer and form.

Song Two: Title, Composer and form.

Song Three: Title, Composer and form.

(Oratorio, concerto, or fugue?)

Vivaldi’s Four Seasons are what form?

These are two integral to the Baroque musical style.

What musical form fuses music, theater, scenery, and dance?

exit slip1
Exit Slip
  • Objective:
    • To demonstrate your understanding and knowledge of Baroque Composers
  • Assignment:
    • You and your group of three will receive note cards
    • You must categorize the note cards with the appropriate composer
      • For example… Let’s imagine it’s the Renaissance…
        • If your card said MASS…. You would put it on which composer’s poster.
        • If your card said Ave Maria… You would put it on which composer’s poser?
  • Time Allotted: 8 minutes
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