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Mississippi Natural Products Association. Profiting From Weeds. Converting Waste or Underutilized Biomass into Profits for Farmers. Joe Buzhardt Program Director / Research Scientist Specialty Mushroom Program Mississippi Small Farm Development Center At Alcorn State University.

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Mississippi Natural Products Association

Profiting From Weeds

Converting Waste or Underutilized Biomass

into

Profits for Farmers

Joe Buzhardt

Program Director / Research Scientist

Specialty Mushroom Program

Mississippi Small Farm Development Center

At

Alcorn State University


A Farmers Cooperative

  • New Generation Value Added Cooperative Venture

  • Build a Natural Products Industry to Benefit Small Farm Development

  • Commercialize Technology from University Research

  • Mississippi Small Farm Development Center - ASU

  • Medicinal Plant Garden - UM


Using a Southeastern “Weed”as aProfitable Biomass

Specialty Mushrooms


Did You Know That…

  • Europeans eat 9 pounds

  • Americans eat less than half that much

The Leading Vegetables in Terms of Farm Cash Receipts are

  • Potatoes, Tomatoes, Lettuce and…

    Mushrooms

AnnualPer Capita Mushroom Consumption is


Shiitake, The World’sMost Popular Specialty Mushroom

  • Growing demand for specialty mushrooms in the United States

  • Total sales were $37.7 million in 2003

  • Shiitake mushroom is the most demanded

  • Oyster mushroom is next

  • Others - Maitake, Enoki, Lion’s Mane, Wood Ear and Reishi


Two Production Methods


Growing Shiitake Outside – Seasonal Or Forced Fruiting


Inoculation


Production Yard


Mycelium Growing Inside Log


The Crop


Sawdust Substrate Production – Growing Room Only

  • Convert

  • Barn

  • Shed

  • Greenhouse

  • Build

  • Growing Room


Growing Room Layout

Using Sawdust Substrate To Produce Mushrooms


Modular Growing Room


Making Sawdust Substrate Blocks

Produced by the MNPA


Converting SawdustInto Mushrooms


Mixing The Substrate

Ribbon Mixer


Substrate Sterilization

Steam


Substrate Inoculation

Clean Room


Substrate Incubation

Curing


Induction


Growing Room-MNPA and Farmers


Spent Blocks Converted to Mulch


Maximizing Waste Biomass…To Produce Profits for Farmers

Joe Buzhardt

Program Director / Research Scientist

Specialty Mushroom Program

Mississippi Small Farm Development Center

At

Alcorn State University


Contact Information

Joe Buzhardt

Specialty Mushroom Program Director

Mississippi Small Farm Development Center

Research and Extension Complex, Suite 110A

Alcorn State University

Alcorn State, MS 39096-9402

Campus Phone: 601.877.6449

Farm Phone: 601.852.4217

Email: [email protected]


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