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Working in Groups. Name of presenter. Aims of the session. Recognise how groups form and function Identify the inter-personal skills developed through group work Relate your knowledge of groups to team projects and other study groups

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Working in groups

Working in Groups

Name of presenter

Aims of the session
Aims of the session

  • Recognise how groups form and function

  • Identify the inter-personal skills developed through group work

  • Relate your knowledge of groups to team projects and other study groups

  • Evaluate your developing inter-personal skills and action plan for change

How is a group different to a team
How is a group different to a team?

  • Reflect individually on groups you have worked in socially, academically or in a work situation

  • What made some groups feel like being part of a team?

  • Be ready to share your thoughts in one minute


  • Are a group of people who have specific task(s) or goals(s)

  • Effective teams will be organised

  • Members will have specific allocated tasks and roles:

    • leader/coordinator, coach/mentor, achiever, doer, thinker/reflector, timekeeper, note taker, progress monitor, finisher/completer, carer

Teams action centred leadership model john adair 1986
Teams – Action centred leadership model (John Adair, 1986)

Achieving the TASK

Developing the INDIVIDUAL

Maintaining the TEAM

Task orientated behaviour
Task orientated behaviour

  • Identifying aims, resources, people, methods for the task

  • Creating a plan to achieve the task

  • Seeking information/opinions – about plans, ideas

  • Giving information/opinions about the task

  • Allocating work responsibilities and resources

  • Checking performance against the plan and adjusting the plan if needed

Team building behaviour
Team building behaviour

  • Encouraging others towards the group goals

  • Enable effective internal communications

  • Develop collective maturity and capability

  • Maintaining group discipline, ethics

  • Harmonising – reducing tension and building team spirit

  • Problem solving –listening to others

  • Expressing group feelings

Individual needs behaviour
Individual needs behaviour

  • Recognising own skills/abilities and using them

  • Assisting and supporting individuals

  • Understanding team members as individuals, listening to them

  • Giving feedback to individuals

  • Withdrawing, being very quiet in discussion

  • Being aggressive/dominating communication

Stages in team group development
Stages in team/group development

  • Forming

    • when the group begins to discuss the task(s) and orientate towards a work plan

  • Storming

    • conflicts and tensions emerge when there are different working styles, differing expectations and different work ethics

  • Norming

    • beginning to develop mutual trust and effective ways of working

  • Performing

    • when effective work patterns are producing the required results

  • Action planning for team skills development
    Action planning for team skills development

    • List the teams you currently work within (seminars, tutorials, fieldwork, project team, study group, peer learning group)

    • What could you do to make these teams more effective? Which roles would you like to develop?

    • Set some time targets and review dates

    • Complete an assessment on your team skills

    Academic skills guides
    Academic Skills Guides

    • Guides available are:

    • Learning styles

    • Reading academically

    • Writing effectively

    • Referencing your work

    • Getting the most from lectures

    • Working in groups

    • Giving a talk

    • Preparing effectively for examinations

    • Search strategy

    • Writing your dissertation

    • EndNote - software that helps you manage references

    • Approaching Mathematical Problems Systematically