The euv spectral irradiance of the sun from 1997 to date
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The EUV spectral irradiance of the Sun from 1997 to date. Giulio Del Zanna PPARC/STFC Adv. Fellow DAMTP, CMS, University of Cambridge Vincenzo Andretta OAC INAF, Italy Tom Woods, Phil Chamberlin et al., LASP, Univ. of Colorado, USA ( Del Zanna et al. 2005,2006, 2009 ). Key questions.

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The EUV spectral irradiance of the Sun from 1997 to date

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The euv spectral irradiance of the sun from 1997 to date

The EUV spectral irradiance of the Sunfrom 1997 to date

Giulio Del Zanna

PPARC/STFC Adv. Fellow

DAMTP, CMS, University of Cambridge

Vincenzo Andretta

OAC INAF, Italy

Tom Woods, Phil Chamberlin et al.,

LASP, Univ. of Colorado, USA

(Del Zanna et al. 2005,2006, 2009)


Key questions

Key questions

The total irradiance is one of the main drivers for global climate.Variability exists but is small (0.2%) and insufficient to explain variations on global weather.

  • What is the EUV spectral irradiance and how it varies?

  • Can we model it ?

  • Does it affect our climate?

EUV -- 1 MK

X-ray -- 3-5 MK

"Winter Scene with Frozen Canal" by Aert van der Neer

SOHO

TRACE

Yohkoh

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Why study uv and euv

Why study UV and EUV ?

UV radiation could be a significant driver for terrestrial climate (e.g. Haigh 1996).

The EUV radiation creates the ionosphere and might also have an indirect effect.

Spectral irradiance measurements:

plenty in UV, almost none in X-rays and EUV (until TIMED 2002)

UV irradiances

EUV irradiances

NASA TIMED/SEE

CALIBRATION CALIBRATION CALIBRATION

Source: LASP, Univ. of Colorado)

Woods & Eparvier (2006)

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Cds nis

CDS NIS

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Soho cds nis 1000 exposures sampling the whole sun in 13 hours

SOHO CDS NIS: 1000 exposures sampling the whole Sun in 13 hours

He I, O V (0.25), Mg X (1 MK), Fe XVI (2.5 MK)

`Del Zanna minimum’ ?

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Sdo eve prototype

SDO EVE prototype

‘It could take a lifetime to understand such a spectrum’ (P.J.Storey, UCL)

Woods et al. (GRL, 2009)Chamberlin et al. (GRL, 2009)

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Soho nis irradiances vs eve prototype

SOHO NIS irradiances vs. EVE prototype

SDO/EVE

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Cds nis irradiances

CDS NIS irradiances

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


Summary and further work sdo eve vs nis radiances

Summary and further work SDO EVE vs. NIS radiances

  • The irradiances in lines formed in the low transition region have changed little (max 50%) over the last 12 years (also from late 60’s).

  • At 1 MK by a factor of 5 and at 2.5 MK by a factor of 40.

  • Further work:

  • Explain the Sun-as-a-Star and other stars in XUV with radiance measurements.

  • Improve predictions of EUV radiances and irradiances (current models use proxies: does not work!):

  • - climate models

  • - back in time.

  • thank you

B2/

G. Del Zanna - UKSP/NAM/JENAM 2009


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