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EDITING PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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EDITING. How to make your own!. Green is County boundary. Yellow is soils layer (NRCS). This is called the “Coincident Line” problem. Orthophoto background. Shape files FC Coverages ArcINFO format PC ArcInfo format Rasters of various kinds TINs (Triangulated Irregular Networks)

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EDITING

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Editing l.jpg

EDITING

How to make your own!


Slide2 l.jpg

Green is County boundary

Yellow is soils layer (NRCS)

This is called the “Coincident Line” problem

Orthophoto background

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


File types l.jpg

Shape files

FC

Coverages

ArcINFO format

PC ArcInfo format

Rasters of various kinds

TINs (Triangulated Irregular Networks)

Networks

Can edit

Can edit

Cannot edit in ArcMap

Can’t even open in ArcMap*

nope

Yup

Yup

File types

* Open in ArcView 3.3 & save as a shapefile

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Editing Steps

  • Load only the data needed for editing into ArcMap

  • Click on the “Selection” tab at the bottom of the TOC (demo)

  • Make sure only the layer to be edited is selected

  • This gets around the Booby Trap of having the wrong layer in the Target window!

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Setup

  • Load Edit toolbar

  • Set Task

  • Set Target

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Set Snapping

  • Snapping environment

    • Select “snapping” from Edit dropdown

    • Priority of snappingis the order of thelayers (drag ‘em’).

    • In this case the mills will be snapped to the road’s edges.

    • Set snapping Tolerance (how close for jump)

    • Edit/options

D

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Snapping tricks

  • Press “T” will show you what the current snapping tolerance is…

  • If you need to change the snapping tolerance often then load the interactive snap tolerance toll to any tool bar

    • Rt clk blank spot on menu bar, scroll down to the bottome of the list that appears and click cutomize. Click the Command tab and then Edit and scroll down to the tool

    • Drag it to any tool bar (Edit, perhaps)

    • Clicking on the tool allows you to draw a circle that is the snapping tolerance you need.

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Setting Snapping Stuff

Pixels or map units

No, No, No

Distance between vertices

Number of vertices to be deleted when you screw up – and you will when using stream mode!

Tip says what you are snapped to

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Sketch Construction Tools: Sketch tool

Use the Sketch tool to create point features

and digitize the vertices of line or polygon features.

After you finish the sketch, ArcMap adds the final

segment, and the sketch turns into a feature.

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Sketch Construction Tools: ArcTool

The Arc tool helps you create a segment that is

a parametric (true) curve. Instead of being made of

numerous vertices, a parametric curve has only two

vertices as endpoints.

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Sketch Construction Tools - midpoint

The Midpoint tool lets you define the location of the

next vertex by clicking two points; the new vertex is

placed at the midpoint of the line between these points.

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Midpoint tool?

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esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Sketch Construction Tools

The Trace tool helps you create segments that

Follow along parallel to an existing segment.

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Traces along an existing line features (instead of typing the angle and length of each segment.)

select the parcel features before you can start tracing the road casing feature.

The Trace tool only follows selected features.

Trace tool

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esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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Split Poly Tool

  • Use the “Cut Polygon Features” task

  • Why

    • Makes a perfect match between polys when Split – every time and…

    • Select poly to split with the Edit Tool

  • Use pencil tool to draw a line through the poly where you want it split

  • Rt click anywhere to finish the job

esf Laboratory for Applied GIS


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IMPORTANT STUFF

  • 3Ts

    • TARGET

    • TASK

    • TOOL

  • 3Ss

    • Snapping What

    • Snapping distance

    • Selection

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