Anatomical opposites
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 22

Anatomical Opposites PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Anatomical Opposites. anterior vs. posterior superior vs. inferior medial vs. lateral proximal vs. distal palmar vs. plantar abduction vs. adduction eversion vs. inversion. internal rotation vs. external rotation flexion vs. extension plantar flexion vs. dorsiflexion

Download Presentation

Anatomical Opposites

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Anatomical opposites

Anatomical Opposites

anterior vs. posterior

superior vs. inferior

medial vs. lateral

proximal vs. distal

palmar vs. plantar

abduction vs. adduction

eversion vs. inversion

internal rotation vs. external rotation

flexion vs. extension

plantar flexion vs. dorsiflexion

pronation vs. supination

radial deviation vs. ulnar deviation

protraction vs. retraction


Anatomical position

Anatomical Position

Stand straight up with palms forward


Anatomical opposites

Anterioror front

- EX. Knees are located on the anterior surface of the body

Posterioror back

- EX. Scapula is located on the posterior surface of the body


Anatomical opposites

Superior – upper or above another.

- EX: The head is superior to the feet

Inferior – lower or below another.

- EX: The feet are inferior to the head.


Anatomical opposites

  • Medial – toward the mid-line of the body

  • Lateral – away from the mid-line of the body


Anatomical opposites

  • Proximal – toward the point of attachment to the body

  • Distal – Away from the point of attachment to the body


Anatomical opposites

Palmar – palm of hand

Plantar – bottom of foot


Anatomical opposites

Abduction – To move away or deviate from the midline of the body

Adduction – deviate toward or draw toward the midline of the body


Anatomical opposites

Eversion –

turning outward

Inversion –

turning inward


Anatomical opposites

External rotation – rotary motion in the transverse plane away from the midline

Internal Rotation – rotary motion in the transverse plane toward the midline

internal rotationexternal rotation


Anatomical opposites

Flexion – to bend; when a joint is flexed, the part distal to the joint bends

Extension – To straighten; when the part distal to a joint extends and decreases joint angle


Anatomical opposites

Lateral bending – movement from the midline in the frontal plane, occurs in the neck and back


Anatomical opposites

Plantar flexion – movement of ankle downward

Dorsiflexion – movement of ankle upward


Anatomical opposites

Pronation–the palm is turned downward; laying on your stomach

supination

Supination – the palm is turned upward; laying on your back

pronation


Anatomical opposites

Radial Deviation – Wrist abduction

Ulnar Deviation – Wrist adduction


Anatomical opposites

Retraction – to pull in a backward motion

Protraction – to elevate and push towards the frontal plane

protractionretraction


Anatomical opposites

Rotation – movement around an axis


Anatomical opposites

  • It is possible to combine motions to describe a movement.

    - Ex. Abduction external rotation of the shoulder complex


Body planes and sections

Body Planes and Sections

  • Sagittal Plane – lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left halves.

  • Movements:

    - Flexion/Extension

    - Hyperextension

    -Plantar/Dorsiflexion


Anatomical opposites

  • Transverse Plane – horizontal cut that divides the body into upper and lower parts

  • Movements:

    - int/ex rotation

    - supination/pronation

    - right/left rotation

    - horizontal ab/adduction


Anatomical opposites

  • Frontal Plane – divides body into anterior and posterior portions

  • Movements:

    -abduction/adduction

    - radial/ulnar deviation

    - inversion/eversion

    - lateral flexion


  • Login