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eLearning education for Thai teachers. Arthur Morse Bangkok, Thailand [email protected] Kanit Khaimook School of Information Technology Institute of Social Technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand [email protected] Piboon Paonil

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eLearning education for Thai teachers

Arthur Morse

Bangkok, Thailand

[email protected]

Kanit Khaimook

School of Information Technology

Institute of Social Technology, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand

[email protected]

Piboon Paonil

Chandrakasem Rajaphat University, Bangkok, Thailand

[email protected]

Suwat Suktrisul

Bangkok, Thailand

[email protected]


Introducing elearning in thailand
Introducing eLearning in Thailand

  • Immense benefits to be gained

  • Students:

    • are keen and willing to learn using eLearning

    • like animation, movement and colour

    • like exercises with instant answers

    • found science and mathematics more interesting

    • found lessons easier to follow and time passed quickly

  • Technology:

    • LMS has improved, easy to use by designers and users

  • Content:

    • Enhanced designs of LMS make it easier to upload content

    • Wide variety of free of charge content is available on www

  • Teachers:

    • Not enough teachers are ready


Teachers
Teachers

  • Shortage of well qualified teachers:

    • especially in the fields of mathematics, science and languages e.g., English language

    • especially outside the main cities

  • Teachers:

    • Can be reluctant to take on something new unless they can see it will replace existing activities

    • Need time to:

      • learn and understand how to search Internet to find new content and integrate it with existing lessons

      • appreciate how the content can assist students to understand difficult concepts

      • understand the value of blended learning

      • gain confidence in working with new technology and concepts


Key issues for teachers
Key issues for Teachers

Becoming familiar

with LMS

Searching Internet to find new

content to enhance student

interest

Shortage of teachers in

specialist functions and

In remote areas

Confidence of teachers working with new technology and content


Encouraging signs
Encouraging signs

  • Teachers are prepared to devote time to learn how eLearning works

  • Head teachers and School Directors are providing support especially for the teachers who are keen to adopt eLearning

  • New training and Master Degree programmes are providing valuable support for teachers who wish to learn about eLearning in a formal structured course.


Education reform in thailand
Education Reform in Thailand

Major reform introduced in 1999 with changes in:

Education Administration

Curriculum Development

Teaching Methods and Teachers’ Development

Public participation introduced in Education Management

Constitution Law: Government should provide 12 years of basic education free of charge

6


Ten years after the reform started
Ten years after the Reform started

Education management has changed

79 Education Administration Regions established

However…

Education quality has not improved

Lack of qualified teachers especially in key functions:

Science, mathematics and foreign languages

Insufficient teachers in the rural areas

Secondary effects

People who can choose select schools or universities with a good reputation

Result: many schools/ universities under utilised

7


Obec evaluation of education quality
OBEC Evaluation of Education Quality

OBEC – Office of Basic Education Commission

Responsible for:

Kindergartens, primary and secondary education

Conducted study of education 2001 to 2006

National Academic Test Results

Performance in main subject areas is less than 50%

Results have not improved over time

8


National academic test results basic education academic years 2001 to 2006
National Academic Test ResultsBasic Education Academic years 2001 to 2006

Source http://bet.obec.go.th /equ

9


Annual education budget 2007 to 2010 millions of thai baht
Annual Education Budget 2007 to 2010(millions of Thai Baht)

Source:www.bob.go.th/bbhome/page.asp

* Not include Thai Stronger Budget

10


One way forward
One way forward

Ten years of Education Reform should have been sufficient to produce positive trends

Especially since the Education Budget is increasing

It is possible to conclude that the conventional education process cannot produce the desired results

Maybe it is time for eLearning to play an important role

11


Obec elearning project
OBEC eLearning Project

Project started in 2007

Objectives:

to enable every school to utilise eLearning

to develop a user friendly LMS

to develop contents samples in every subject

Suranaree Technology University was assigned to develop the LMS and the contents samples

These are now ready to be delivered to all schools

Schools lack the teachers with sufficient knowledge to bring the system into use

12


Teacher training programs
Teacher Training Programs

Many teacher training programs have been developed

One of the most important is a Masters Degree in eLearning

ChandrakasemRajaphat University is one of the first to introduce a Masters Degree in eLearning

13


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