Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 11

Soil, Water, Vegetation (SFI - 3 08 04) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 55 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Soil, Water, Vegetation (SFI - 3 08 04). prof. dr. Nico van Breemen Soil Formation and Ecopedology Group dr. Marcel Hoosbeek Soil Formation and Ecopedology Group dr. Marcel Meinders Soil Formation and Ecopedology Group dr. Wim Braakhekke Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group

Download Presentation

Soil, Water, Vegetation (SFI - 3 08 04)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Soil, Water, Vegetation (SFI - 3 08 04)

prof. dr. Nico van Breemen Soil Formation and Ecopedology Group

dr. Marcel Hoosbeek Soil Formation and Ecopedology Groupdr. Marcel Meinders Soil Formation and Ecopedology Group

dr. Wim Braakhekke Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group

drs. Dick van der Hoek Nature Conservation and Plant Ecology Group

dr. Flip Witte Soil Physics, Agrohydrology and Groundwater Management Group

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Practical points

  • List of Participants: newcomers fill in list now

  • Syllabus: Price: € 14.00 (secretary SFI; pay exact please)

  • Time table: NB. rooms have been changed !see hand out

  • Web link: www.dow.wau.nl/natcons/NP/

  • Click on Student info or Education and on Soil, Water, Vegetation to find:

    • Time table

    • Presentations of lectures on Ch. 1 – 3 (updated after each lecture)

    • Excel worksheet needed for tutorials in Ch 3.7

    • Information on other chapters follows later

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Prerequisiteknowledge

  • Ecologie (NCP- 1 03 04) Hfdst Kringlopen + werkcollege 5

  • Inleiding Bodem en Water (SFI - 1 08 04) (or : Inl. Bodem + Inl. Water)

  • Assumed knowledge:

  • Systems and Landscape Ecology A (NCP - 3 04 04) Ch 6 and 7

  • Bodemkunde I

  • Related ecological courses:

  • ‘Vegetation Science and Systems Ecology’ and ‘Groeiplaatsanalyse’

  • (analysis of vegetation and abiotic factors and their (cor)relation

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Aim of the course SWV

  • Understandthe processes causing the correlation vegetation - habitat

  • short term processes: plant physiology, organic matter and nutrient dynamics in the soil

  • long term processes: soil development; evolution

  • cyclic interactions of soil and vegetation; chains of causes and consequences:

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Cyclic soil vegetation interactions

Cyclic soil  vegetation interactions

Plants

Soil conditions

improvement

or not (?)

long term evolution

ecosystem

development

Soil adapted plant species

Soil development

local

habitat

plant effects on organic matter and nutrient

dynamics

local

flora

Local vegetation composition

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Basic questions of the course swv

Basic questions of the course SWV

1. How can plant species adapt to different soil conditions? (Ch 3)

(acidity, toxic ions (Al), nutrients, water-oxygen)

2. How do soil conditions determine vegetation composition?

(correlation; descriptive)

3. How does vegetation composition affect soil processes? (organic matter and nutrient dynamics  soil formation)

4. How do plant induced soil processes affect plant life and vegetation composition?(direction of succession; self-organisation of vegetation patterns)

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


What is the result of cyclic soil vegetation interactions

What is the result of cyclic soil - vegetation interactions?

Does spontaneous ecosystem development automatically lead to ‘improved’ conditions and a ‘climax’ ecosystem?

e.g. high biomass, efficient resource utilisation, high bio-diversity(?)

Do plants improve the soil conditions to benefit plant growth?• Are plants ‘ecosystem engineers’? Are soils ‘biotic constructs’?

How can this be reconciled with Darwinian evolution theory?• Why would pioneer species change the soil in favour of their successors? • Why wouldn’t plants control soil development in a more selfish manner?(1) improving conditions for themselves and (2) creating conditions unfavourable to others (3) and stop succession

Answers ??

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Work forms of the course

Lectures (24 h)

Self study (80 h; questions at the lectures)

Tutorials (40 h; making exercises; working with computer models)

Field excursions (8 h)

Case studies (40 h; group work; written report + oral presentation)

Written examination (English questions, Dutch or English answers)

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Contents of the course

Ch 1. Introduction

Ch 2. Basics principles and concepts (self reading + question hour) (Braakhekke)

Ch 3. Adaptation of plants to soil and water (lectures + tutorial) (Braakhekke)

Ch 3. Behaviour of water and air in soils (lectures + tutorial) (Witte)

Ch 4. Soil processes (lectures + tutorial) (Van Breemen)

Ch 5. Resource supply and hydrology (lectures + class work) (Van Breemen + Witte)

Ch 6. Soil Processes (lectures) (Van Breemen)

Ch 7. Terrestrial carbon cycle (lectures + computer modelling) (Hoosbeek)

Ch 8. Terrestrial Biogeochemical cycling (lectures + computer modelling) (Hoosbeek)

Ch 9. Correlation Vegetation – Habitat (lectures + class work) (Witte)

Ch 10. Landscape ecological relations (lectures) (Witte)

Ch 11. Self-organisation of soil vegetation patterns (lectures) (Van Breemen)

Ch 12. Description of the case studies (all teachers)

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Soil water vegetation sfi 3 08 04

Case studies

Procedure:

- read the case descriptions (Chapter 12)

- choose one or two cases that you like (wk 1 - 2)

- formation of groups of 4 - 5 students (wk 3 ?)

- working at the case study (wk 5 - 6)

- oral presentation and written report (wk 6)

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


Ch 2 basic principles and concepts

Ch 2. Basic Principles and Concepts

Ch 2.1 Basics of pools and fluxes (summary of ‘Ecologie’ werkcollege 5)

Ch 2.2 Environmental factors (terms and concepts)

  • Tasks

  • Read chapter 2.1 and 2.2 (today)

  • Make Chapter 3.7 (Tutorial) Exercise 3.1 (today)

  • Ask questions (tomorrow)

SWV - Ch 01 and Ch 02


  • Login