Mental Health, Climate Change and Public Health. Minnesota Climate and Health Program Minnesota Department of Health Environmental Impacts Analysis Unit July 2013. Notice.
Minnesota Climate and Health Program
Minnesota Department of Health
Environmental Impacts Analysis Unit
MDH developed this presentation based on scientific research published in peer-reviewed journals. References for information can be found in the relevant slides and/or at the end of the presentation.
There have been three recent significant observed climate trends in Minnesota:
Significant observations in warming pattern:
Precipitation in Minnesota is changing:
Understanding climate change is difficult
We have to rely on scientific models and expert judgment, often through the lens of mass media
Mental health conditions significantly more common amongst those exposed to violence:
Society’s Grand Challenges: Global Climate Change
American Psychological Association
“Human behavior is recognized as a main contributor to today’s climate crisis, and yet, it is one of the least understood components of this complex problem. Learn how psychologists are studying ways to address global climate change.”
Ambit Network at the University of Minnesota is a leader in helping communities use research-based prevention and intervention techniques to increase children’s ability to deal with trauma.
“A Public Health Approach to Prevention of Behavioral Health Conditions”
A Presentation from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
This presentation discusses the public health model to prevent substance abuse and mental health disorders. Additionally, it reviews some of the challenges in preventing behavioral health problems and potential solutions, with an emphasis on early intervention.
Behavioral Health and Emergency Preparedness
Minnesota Department of Health, Office of Emergency Preparedness
This website provides expanded information on Psychological First Aid, continuity of operations, resources for responders, disaster planning, and suicide prevention.
Disaster Behavior Health Information Series
A collection of resources, presentations, and toolkits pertinent to disaster behavioral health. Resources target specific populations or relate to specific types of disaster.
Psychological First Aid Mobile App
National Child Traumatic Stress Network
PFA Mobile™ lets responders review PFA guidelines and assess their readiness to deliver PFA in the field. The app provides additional support for successful interactions with different survival groups.
This work was supported by cooperative agreement 5UE1EH000738 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Special thanks to the following people for their contributions to the creation of this training module:
Minnesota Department of Health Office of Emergency Preparedness
Susan Littrell, LiCSW, LADC
Hennepin County Community Outreach for Psychiatric Emergencies (COPE)
Ken Winters, Ph.D.
University of Minnesota Department of Psychiatry
Chris Bray, Ph.D., LP
Mary Jo Verschay
Minnesota Department of Human Services
Benson E. Society’s Grand Challenges: Global Climate Change. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC. Available online at: http://www.apa.org/science/resources/grand-challenges.aspx
Berry HL, Kelly BJ, Hanigan IC, Coates JH, McMichael AJ, Welsh JA, Kjellstrom T. 2008. Garnaut climate change review: rural mental health impacts of climate change. National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, ANU College of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Coyle KJ, Van Susteren L. 2012. The Psychological Effects of Global Warming on the United State: And Why the U.S. Mental Health System is Not Adequately Prepared. National Wildlife Federation.
Doherty TJ, Clayton S. 2011. The psychological impacts of global climate change. American Psychologist, Vol. 6:4, page 265.
EbiKL, Balbus J, Kinney PL, Lipp E, Mills D, O’Neill MS, and Wilson M. 2008. Effects of global change on human health. In: Analyses of the Effects of Global Change on Human Health and Welfare and Human Systems [Gamble JL (ed.), Ebi KL, Sussman FG, and Wilbanks TJ (authors)]. SynthesisandAssessment Product 4.6. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, pp. 39-87.
Ebi KL, Semenza JC. 2008. Community-based adaptation to the health impacts of climate change. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 2008; 35 (5): 501.
FritzeJ, Blashki GA, Burke S, Wiseman J. 2008. Hope, despair and transformation: Climate change and the promotion of mental health and wellbeing. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 2: 13.
Frumkinet. al, 2008. Framing Public Health Matters, Climate Change: the Public Health Response, Howard Frumkin, MD, DRPH, Jeremy Hess, MD, MPH, George Luber, PhD, Josephine Malilay, PhD, MPH, and Michael McGeehin, PhD, MSPH, American Journal of Public Health, March 2008, Vol. 98, No. 3, pp 435-445.
Harvey JH. 2001. The Psychology of Loss as a Lens to a Positive Psychology. American Behavioral Scientist, January 2001, 44: 838.
Hess JJ, Malilay JN, Parkinson AJ. 2008. Climate change: the importance of place. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 35:5, p. 468.
Interagency Working Group on Climate Change and Health. 2010. A Human Health Perspective on Climate Change: A Report Outlining the Research Needs on the Human Health Effects of Climate Change. Published by Environmental Health Perspectives and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.
Keim ME. 2008. Building human resilience: the role of public health preparedness and response as adaptation to climate change. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 35:5, p. 508.
Leiserowitz A. 2005. Climate change risk perception and policy preferences: the role of affect, imagery, and values. Climate Change, 2005; 77:45-72.
Leiserowitz A, Maibach E, Roser-Renouf, C, Feinberg G, Howe, P. 2013. Global Warming’s Six Americas, September 2012. Yale University and George Mason University. New Haven, CT: Yale Project on Climate Change Communication.
Maibach E, Nisbet M, Weather M. 2011. Conveying the Human Implications of Climate Change: A Climate Change Communication Primer for Public Health Professionals. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication.
McMichael AJ, Woodruff RE, Hales S. 2006. Climate change and human health: present and future risks. Lancet, March 2006; 367: 859-69.
Midwestern Regional Climate Center. 2010. Climate Change & Variability in the Midwest. Temperature and Precipitation Trends 1895 – 2010. Available online: http://mcc.sws.uiuc.edu/climate_midwest/mwclimatechange.htm
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). 2005. What’s the Difference Between Weather and Climate? Available online: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/noaa/climate/climate_weather.html
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2012a. National Climactic Data Center, Billion Dollar Weather/Climate Disasters. Available online: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). 2012b. Office of Climate, Water, and Weather Services. Available online: http://www.nws.noaa.gov/os/
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Weather Service (June 25, 2009). Retrieved on June 22,2011 from http://nws.noaa.gov/glossary/index.php?letter=h
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s National Weather Service (Modified June 25, 2009). Retrieved on June 22, 2011 from http://www.epa.gov/heatisld/resources/glossary.htm#u
Randall R. 2009. Loss and climate change; the cost of parallel narratives. Ecopsychology 1:3, p. 118.
Seeley M. 2012. Climate Trends and Climate Change in Minnesota: A Review. Minnesota State Climatology Office. Available online: http://climate.umn.edu/seeley/
Shea KM. 2007. Global climate change and children’s health. Pediatrics, 2007; 120: e1359.
State Climatology Office. Department of Natural Resources – Division of Ecological and Water Resources and the University of Minnesota – Department of Soil, Water, and Climate. Available online: http://climate.umn.edu/
Dew Point (http://climate.umn.edu/doc/twin_cities/mspdewpoint.htm)
Dew Point July 19, 2011 Technical Analysis (http://climate.umn.edu/pdf/july_19_2011_ technical.pdf)
Drought Information Resources (http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/climate/drought/index.html)
History Mega-Rain Events in Minnesota (http://www.climate.umn.edu/doc/journal/mega_rain_events.htm)
Warshaw C, Moroney, G. 2002. Mental Health and Domestic Violence. The Domestic Violence and Mental Health Policy Initiative. Available online at: http://www.nationalcenterdvtraumamh.org/
Western Regional Climate Center. (WRCC) 2011a. Minnesota Temperature 1890 – 2010: 12 month period ending in December. Generated online November 2011. Available online: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/spi/divplot1map.html
Western Regional Climate Center. (WRCC) 2011b. Minnesota Precipitation 1890 – 2010: 12 month period ending in December. Generated online November 2011. Available online: http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/spi/divplot1map.html
World Health Organization (WHO) 2009. Climate change exposures, chronic diseases, and mental health in urban populations: a threat to health security, particularly for the poor and disadvantaged.
World Health Organization (WHO). 2010. Climate change and health. Fact sheet N°266. Available online: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs266/en/
Zandlo, Jim 2008. Observing the climate. Minnesota State Climatology Office. Available online: http://climate.umn.edu/climateChange/climateChangeObservedNu.htm