Tourette s syndrome
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Tourette’s Syndrome. What is Tourette’s?. Neurological disorder Characterized by: Repetitive involuntary movements called tics Obscene language is manifested in only 15% of patients. Symptoms. Noticed first in early childhood Tics classified either simple or complex

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Tourette’s Syndrome

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Tourette s syndrome

Tourette’s Syndrome


What is tourette s

What is Tourette’s?

  • Neurological disorder

  • Characterized by:

    • Repetitive involuntary movements called tics

    • Obscene language is manifested in only 15% of patients


Symptoms

Symptoms

  • Noticed first in early childhood

  • Tics classified either simple or complex

    • Simple: eye blinking, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, or head jerking

    • Complex: facial grimacing combined with head twist and shoulder shrug

    • Most common are: eye blinking, head jerking, throat clearing, sniffing and tongue clicking


Tourette s syndrome

Tics

  • Often worse with excitement or anxiety

  • Better during calm, focused activities

  • Experiences can trigger tics:

    • Collars on shirts may trigger neck tics

    • Hearing another person cough may trigger similar sounds

      • Tics do not go away when sleeping but they are diminished


Occurrences

Occurrences

  • Tics come and go over time

  • First symptoms usually occur in the head and neck area


Can people control their tics

Can people control their tics?

  • Symptoms are involuntary, can suppress, camouflage or manage their tics

  • Patients report build up tension when suppressing tics:

    • Tic must then be expressed


Causes

Causes

  • Cause of tourette’s is unknown:

    • Research points to abnormalities in brain regions

    • Inherited disorder

      • Many genes with smaller effects and environmental factors may play a role in TS


Disorders associated with ts

Disorders associated with TS

  • ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

  • Problems with reading, writing, math

  • Obsessive - compulsive symptoms

  • Depressions, anxiety problems


Diagnosis

Diagnosis

  • Diagnosed after symptoms persist for 1 year

  • Common tics are often misdiagnosed

  • No blood or lab tests needed for diagnosis

  • Use MRI, CT, EEG scans to diagnose


Treatment

Treatment

  • Medications are available for patients who cannot function correctly:

    • Medications vary from person to person

    • Psychotherapy: Help patient cope with TS


Prognosis

Prognosis

  • No cure for TS

  • Symptoms get better for patients in late teens or early adulthood

  • Only 10% of patients have disabling tics that last into adulthood


Do children have special needs

Do children have special needs?

  • Same IQ range as other children without TS

  • Help by teachers should include:

    • Using tape recorders

    • Computers to assist reading and writing


What kind of future do ts patients have

What kind of future do TS patients have?

  • Lead productive lives

  • Have normal life span

  • May reach high levels of achievement


Sources

Sources

  • www.tsa-usa.org

  • www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tourette/detail_tourette.html

  • http://members.tripod.com/~tourette13/

  • http://www.mentalhealth.com/book/p40-gtor.html


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