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Tourette’s Syndrome. What is Tourette’s?. Neurological disorder Characterized by: Repetitive involuntary movements called tics Obscene language is manifested in only 15% of patients. Symptoms. Noticed first in early childhood Tics classified either simple or complex

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Presentation Transcript
what is tourette s
What is Tourette’s?
  • Neurological disorder
  • Characterized by:
    • Repetitive involuntary movements called tics
    • Obscene language is manifested in only 15% of patients
symptoms
Symptoms
  • Noticed first in early childhood
  • Tics classified either simple or complex
    • Simple: eye blinking, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, or head jerking
    • Complex: facial grimacing combined with head twist and shoulder shrug
    • Most common are: eye blinking, head jerking, throat clearing, sniffing and tongue clicking
slide4
Tics
  • Often worse with excitement or anxiety
  • Better during calm, focused activities
  • Experiences can trigger tics:
    • Collars on shirts may trigger neck tics
    • Hearing another person cough may trigger similar sounds
      • Tics do not go away when sleeping but they are diminished
occurrences
Occurrences
  • Tics come and go over time
  • First symptoms usually occur in the head and neck area
can people control their tics
Can people control their tics?
  • Symptoms are involuntary, can suppress, camouflage or manage their tics
  • Patients report build up tension when suppressing tics:
    • Tic must then be expressed
causes
Causes
  • Cause of tourette’s is unknown:
    • Research points to abnormalities in brain regions
    • Inherited disorder
      • Many genes with smaller effects and environmental factors may play a role in TS
disorders associated with ts
Disorders associated with TS
  • ADHD - attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Problems with reading, writing, math
  • Obsessive - compulsive symptoms
  • Depressions, anxiety problems
diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • Diagnosed after symptoms persist for 1 year
  • Common tics are often misdiagnosed
  • No blood or lab tests needed for diagnosis
  • Use MRI, CT, EEG scans to diagnose
treatment
Treatment
  • Medications are available for patients who cannot function correctly:
    • Medications vary from person to person
    • Psychotherapy: Help patient cope with TS
prognosis
Prognosis
  • No cure for TS
  • Symptoms get better for patients in late teens or early adulthood
  • Only 10% of patients have disabling tics that last into adulthood
do children have special needs
Do children have special needs?
  • Same IQ range as other children without TS
  • Help by teachers should include:
    • Using tape recorders
    • Computers to assist reading and writing
what kind of future do ts patients have
What kind of future do TS patients have?
  • Lead productive lives
  • Have normal life span
  • May reach high levels of achievement
sources
Sources
  • www.tsa-usa.org
  • www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tourette/detail_tourette.html
  • http://members.tripod.com/~tourette13/
  • http://www.mentalhealth.com/book/p40-gtor.html
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