The atlantic world 1492 1800
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The Atlantic World 1492 - 1800 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Atlantic World 1492 - 1800. Ch 20.1 Spanish Conquests in the Americas. Columbus Opens the Atlantic 1492 - 1503. Began the European conquest of the Americas beginning of globalization By end of his 4 journeys, Spain had colonized much of the Caribbean. Other Explorers take to the Seas.

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The Atlantic World 1492 - 1800

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The atlantic world 1492 1800

The Atlantic World1492 - 1800

Ch 20.1

Spanish Conquests in the Americas


Columbus opens the atlantic 1492 1503

Columbus Opens the Atlantic1492 - 1503

  • Began the European conquest of the Americas

    • beginning of globalization

  • By end of his 4 journeys, Spain had colonized much of the Caribbean


Other explorers take to the seas

Other Explorers take to the Seas

  • 1500: Pedro Cabral claims Brazil for Portugal

  • 1501: Amerigo Vespucci discovers that the land is a “New World”


Ferdinand magellan s mission circumnavigates the world 1519 1521

Ferdinand Magellan’s Mission Circumnavigates the World 1519 - 1521


The conquistadors

The Conquistadors

  • Spanish explorers who claimed much of the Americas for Spain

  • Destroyed the native civilizations of Central & South America


Hern n cort s conquers the mighty aztec empire 1521

Hernán Cortés Conquers the Mighty Aztec Empire (1521)

  • Used guns, horses, & local enemies to conquer a larger force.

  • King Moctezuma II was killed & Tenochtitlan destroyed


Francisco pizarro conquers the inca of peru 1532

Francisco Pizarro Conquers the Inca of Peru (1532)

  • Captured their king Atahualpa & then the capital of Cuzco.


European diseases eradicate the native populations

European Diseases Eradicate the Native Populations

  • Without natural immunities, Native Americans died from Smallpox, Measles, & Typhus by the millions.

  • Native population may have declined by 90% between 1500 & 1800.


Spanish kill millions through war slavery

Spanish kill millions through War & Slavery

  • Encomienda: System of forced labor

  • Conditions led to many deaths

  • Revolts were common, but unsuccessful


Bartolom de las casas

Bartolomé de las Casas

  • Jesuit priest who wrote of the destruction of the West Indies


Effect of spanish conquest

Effect of Spanish Conquest

  • Native population declined

  • Large Mestizo population

    • mixed Spanish & Native American

  • Spain became too wealthy

  • Other Europeans became interested in American colonization


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