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William blake (1757-1827). “I must create a system or be enslaved by another man’s”—William Blake’s Jerusalem. The Simple Life of Blake. Worked as an engraver and professional artist, but was always very poor, especially later in life. His life is considered simple and boring .

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william blake 1757 1827
William blake (1757-1827)

“I must create a system or be enslaved by another man’s”—William Blake’s Jerusalem

the simple life of blake
The Simple Life of Blake
  • Worked as an engraver and professional artist, but was always very poor, especially later in life.
  • His life is considered simple and boring.
  • Claimed to see visions of angels, spirits, and ghosts of kings and queens.
  • His work received little attention, and when it did, most found it (and him) weird, confusing, or even insane.
blake early romantic
Blake = Early Romantic
  • Romanticism: a movement that developed during the late 18th and early 19th centuries as a reaction against the Restoration and Enlightenment period’s focus on logic and reason.
  • In addition, Romantic poets like Blake reacted against the social, political, and spiritual abuses during their lifetimes.
  • Romantics believe in the individual, imagination, and democracy, and often depict man alone, contemplating nature, working out his own destinies.
blake s religious and political views
Blake’s Religious and Political Views
  • He was politically rebellious and mixed with radicals.
  • Blake strongly criticized how the capitalist and industrialized system abused its people, saying that the "dark satanic mills left men unemployed, killed children and forced prostitution."
  • Though a devout Christian, Blake also attacked the English Church because he thought the doctrines were being misused as a form of social control meant to encourage the people to be passively obedient and accept oppression, poverty, and inequality.
blake s artistic and poetic vision
Blake’s Artistic and Poetic Vision
  • Often called a visionary artist, Blake crafted a variety of poetry, paintings, drawings, and engravings throughout his life.
  • As a poet, Blake is considered a symbolist, or a mystic; many poems are obscure and can be interpreted only symbolically.
  • Blake used his art and poetry as a way to inspire imagination instead of reason and logic.
so ngs of innocence and experience
Songs of Innocence and Experience
  • Songs of Innocence were published in 1789.
  • Songs of Experience were combined with the Songs of Innocence in 1794.
  • The combined edition has the following subtitle: “Showing the Two Contrary States of the Human Soul.”
songs of innocence
Songs of Innocence
  • According to Blake, “innocence” is a state of genuine love and naïve trust toward all humankind, and a unquestioned belief in Christianity.
  • These poems present a happy world full of GOOD and without suffering; all is in harmony.
  • Formatted as a children’s book with joyful tones and singsong rhymes.
songs of experience
Songs of Experience
  • The state of “experience” marks how one can clearly see the cruelty and hypocrisy of human nature and society.
  • These poems show the sufferings of the miserable and poor because as a person gains “experience,” he also gains a fuller understanding of the power of EVIL, misery, and pain.
  • Also formatted as a children’s book, but the tones are angry, fearful, and dark.
brainstorm
Brainstorm
  • Make a list of the connotations you associate with a lamb and a tiger. Think of at least five concepts, ideas, people, and/or items for each.
  • Be prepared to share.
the lamb
“The Lamb”
  • Symbolism:
    • Lamb = Jesus (“Lamb of God”)
  • Tone: joyful, bright, happy
  • Reveals his confidence in his simple Christian faith and his innocent acceptance of its teachings—but there is a noticeable absence of “evil.”
the tyger
“The Tyger”
  • Companion piece to “The Lamb”
    • “Did he who made the Lamb make thee?”
  • Symbolism:
    • Blacksmith = God/Creator
    • Tyger = evil/violence
  • Tone: dark, fearful, questioning
  • Speaker questions the reason for the existence of evil in the world; did God create evil?
  • Blake concludes that “without contraries is no progression.”
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