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Diet, Oral Health and Wellness. What’s the connection?. Diet and oral health are closely related A healthy dentition is needed to chew fresh, whole foods and…… The foods we choose to eat can directly impact the health of teeth and gums The goal is healthy mouths and healthy bodies.

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what s the connection
What’s the connection?
  • Diet and oral health are closely related
    • A healthy dentition is needed to chew fresh, whole foods

and……

    • The foods we choose to eat can directly impact the health of teeth and gums
    • The goal is healthy mouths and healthy bodies
to develop a cavity you need
To develop a cavity you need…
  • A susceptible tooth
  • Decay-causing bacteria (dental plaque)
  • Carbohydrate (carbohydrates are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen = CHO)

Sugar (CHO) + Bacteria = Acid Production

slide4
How do you strengthen the teeth to reduce decay?
  • How do you reduce bacterial plaque?
  • Should you eliminate carbohydrates from your diet?
carbohydrates fuel us
Carbohydrates Fuel Us
  • Simple CHO-table sugar, honey, fructose
  • Complex CHO-found in vegetables, whole fruits and whole grains, fiber
  • The frequency eaten (how often) and the texture (how sticky) of the CHO are important factors to consider when changing the diet to decrease dental decay
  • All CHO’s can demineralize tooth enamel
benefits of drinking water
Benefits of Drinking Water
  • Frequently drinking soda pop and fruit juices can increase the risk for tooth decay
  • When you are thirsty, reach for water, it is calorie free and may contain fluoride
  • Water is an essential nutrient needed for total health
  • Most bottled water does not contain fluoride
children need two types of fluoride
Children Need Two Types of Fluoride
  • Topical (you may need two or more)

toothpaste, gels, rinses

(topical sources are not swallowed)

  • Systemic (you only need one)

community water fluoridation or prescription fluoride supplements

(systemic sources are swallowed)

saliva s a good thing
Saliva’s a Good Thing….
  • Saliva offers natural protection against decay – it neutralizes the acid in the mouth
  • Individuals with less saliva and “dry” mouths are at more risk for tooth decay
  • Chewing sugarless gum after a meal or snack does promote saliva production which can help protect teeth
impact of eating disorders
Bulimia Nervosa – frequent vomiting causes enamel erosion due to the acid content, which can lead to tooth decay

Anorexia Nervosa – starvation diets rob teeth and bodies of essential nutrients

A balanced diet and regular exercise is the best combination to maintain a healthy weight

Impact of Eating Disorders
to reduce dental decay you can
To Reduce Dental Decay You Can…
  • Strengthen the tooth enamel with appropriate fluorides
  • Protect the chewing surfaces of teeth with dental sealants
  • Brush & floss daily to remove bacteria
  • Limit servings of sticky CHO foods and sweet beverages / increase complex CHO
make the connection
Make the Connection
  • A healthy mouth means a healthy body
  • Eating a balanced diet with a variety of foods will improve oral health and general health
  • Reducing the frequency of sugary foods and beverages will reduce tooth decay and help maintain a healthy weight
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