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Native Texans: Chapter 2. Prehistoric Cultures: 30,000 B.C- 1500 A.D. First people arrived to North America at least 30,000 year ago during the Ice Age People believed to have cross the land bridge known as Beringia (current day Bering Straight between Arctic and Pacific Ocean.

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Native texans chapter 2

Native Texans: Chapter 2

Prehistoric Cultures: 30,000 B.C- 1500 A.D.


First people in the americas

First people arrived to North America at least 30,000 year ago during the Ice Age

People believed to have cross the land bridge known as Beringia (current day Bering Straight between Arctic and Pacific Ocean.

First People in the Americas

  • Columbus landed in the Caribbean in 1492 assuming that he had reached islands off the coast of India, thus naming the native peoples “Indians”

  • Descendants of Prehistoric peoples spread out across the Americas creating 100’s of different groups or tribes.

  • Many Native Texan groups are descendants or Prehistoric People.


How do we know about prehistoric people

Artifacts- remains of items or objects from the past ago during the Ice Age

Archeologists- scientist who study and learn about past cultures from artifacts they find

Pictographs and Petroglyphs- Drawings or paintings in caves & carvings on rocks

How do we know about Prehistoric People??


Paleolithic era people in texas 30 000 6000 b c

Location: ago during the Ice Age

High Plains of Texas Panhandle

Edwards Plateau

Paleolithic Era People in Texas (30,000- 6000 B.C.)

Tools

  • Spears tipped with Flint Stone

  • Built corrals to trap bison

Food

  • Game- Bison, buffalo, Dried Meat, Animal Fat, Berries, Pemmican

Way of Life

  • Lived in small bands

  • Hunter Gatherers

  • Traveled on Foot


Archaic era people in texas 6000 b c 1400 a d after ice age
Archaic Era People in Texas ago during the Ice Age( 6000 B.C. – 1400 A.D.: after Ice age)

Location:

  • East Texas

  • North of Mexico

Tools

  • Atlatl- hand held spear thrower. 2 ft long with a wooden hook.

  • Flint Knives, scrapers and awls, grind stones, woven baskets

Food

  • Fish, Wild Plants, Trapped Small Animals, Buffalo

Way of Life

  • Smaller bands, lived in villages

  • Formed larger bands during growing seasons

  • Planters/Hunters-Gatherers


Late prehistoric people in texas
Late Prehistoric People in Texas ago during the Ice Age

Location:

  • East Texas

  • Far West Texas

  • Panhandle & Central Texas

Tools

  • Bow and Arrow

  • Pottery and Clay Pots

Food

  • Self Grown Plants

  • Game- Buffalo

Way of Life

  • Permanent villages

  • Had societies and religions

  • Traveled by foot

  • Planters/Hunters-Gatherers


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